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Effect of mild heat treatment on browning‐related parameters in fresh‐cut Iceberg lettuce

Celine Vanden Abeele (UGent) , Katleen Raes (UGent) and Imca Sampers (UGent)
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Abstract
Enzymatic browning of Iceberg lettuce was studied by subjecting midrib tissues to a series of mild heat treatments. The effects of wounding and subsequent application of a mild heat treatment were examined by monitoring the browning potential (BP) and the activity of three browning‐related enzymes (i.e., phenylalanine ammonia lyase [PAL], polyphenol oxidase [PPO], and peroxidase [POD]) during refrigerated storage up to 10 days. Efficient inhibition of browning was achieved by treatment at 50°C for 60 s. The wound‐induced increase of the BP and the activity of PAL and POD was effectively suppressed, maintaining their values at initial levels up to 7 days of storage. PPO activity, on the contrary, remained unchanged after wounding, whether or not followed by heat treatment. BP, PAL activity and POD were found to be strongly correlated, whereas meaningful associations for PPO with the other parameters could not be established. - Practical applications - In an attempt to answer to the growing demand in the fresh‐cut produce industry to control browning, heat treatment was investigated as interesting alternative to chemical preservation methods. Efficient control of enzymatic browning in fresh‐cut Iceberg lettuce could be achieved by heat treatment at 50°C for 60 s. Experimental data are provided showing the effects of wounding and subsequent heat treatment on visual browning, the BP and the activity of PAL, PPO, and POD during refrigerated storage up to 10 days. Using this data, correlations were found for BP, PAL activity, and POD activity, but not for PPO. Although undesired side effects of heat treatment (e.g., tissue softening) cannot be excluded, the obtained information might be useful for further research, serving as a baseline for wound‐induced effects on browning‐related parameters in fresh‐cut lettuce and possible mechanisms of action of inhibitory treatments.
Keywords
browning potential, heat treatment, lettuce, peroxidase, phenylalanine ammonia lyase, polyphenol oxidase

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Vanden Abeele, Celine, Katleen Raes, and Imca Sampers. 2019. “Effect of Mild Heat Treatment on Browning‐related Parameters in Fresh‐cut Iceberg Lettuce.” Journal of Food Biochemistry.
APA
Vanden Abeele, C., Raes, K., & Sampers, I. (2019). Effect of mild heat treatment on browning‐related parameters in fresh‐cut Iceberg lettuce. Journal of Food Biochemistry.
Vancouver
1.
Vanden Abeele C, Raes K, Sampers I. Effect of mild heat treatment on browning‐related parameters in fresh‐cut Iceberg lettuce. Journal of Food Biochemistry. Wiley; 2019;
MLA
Vanden Abeele, Celine, Katleen Raes, and Imca Sampers. “Effect of Mild Heat Treatment on Browning‐related Parameters in Fresh‐cut Iceberg Lettuce.” Journal of Food Biochemistry (2019): n. pag. Print.
@article{8616970,
  abstract     = {Enzymatic browning of Iceberg lettuce was studied by subjecting midrib tissues to a series of mild heat treatments. The effects of wounding and subsequent application of a mild heat treatment were examined by monitoring the browning potential (BP) and the activity of three browning‐related enzymes (i.e., phenylalanine ammonia lyase [PAL], polyphenol oxidase [PPO], and peroxidase [POD]) during refrigerated storage up to 10 days. Efficient inhibition of browning was achieved by treatment at 50°C for 60 s. The wound‐induced increase of the BP and the activity of PAL and POD was effectively suppressed, maintaining their values at initial levels up to 7 days of storage. PPO activity, on the contrary, remained unchanged after wounding, whether or not followed by heat treatment. BP, PAL activity and POD were found
to be strongly correlated, whereas meaningful associations for PPO with the other parameters could not be established.
- Practical applications -
In an attempt to answer to the growing demand in the fresh‐cut produce industry to control browning, heat treatment was investigated as interesting alternative to chemical preservation methods. Efficient control of enzymatic browning in fresh‐cut Iceberg lettuce could be achieved by heat treatment at 50°C for 60 s. Experimental data are provided showing the effects of wounding and subsequent heat treatment on visual browning, the BP and the activity of PAL, PPO, and POD during refrigerated storage up to 10 days. Using this data, correlations were found for BP, PAL activity, and POD
activity, but not for PPO. Although undesired side effects of heat treatment (e.g., tissue softening) cannot be excluded, the obtained information might be useful for further research, serving as a baseline for wound‐induced effects on browning‐related parameters in fresh‐cut lettuce and possible mechanisms of action of inhibitory treatments.},
  articleno    = {e12906},
  author       = {Vanden Abeele, Celine and Raes, Katleen and Sampers, Imca},
  issn         = {0145-8884},
  journal      = {Journal of Food Biochemistry},
  keywords     = {browning potential,heat treatment,lettuce,peroxidase,phenylalanine ammonia lyase,polyphenol oxidase},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {12},
  publisher    = {Wiley},
  title        = {Effect of mild heat treatment on browning‐related parameters in fresh‐cut Iceberg lettuce},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jfbc.12906},
  year         = {2019},
}

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