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Linguistics terminology and neologisms in Swahili : rules vs. practice

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Abstract
In this paper we discuss the use of Swahili terminology in the field of linguistics. In particular, we are interested in finding out whether the rules laid out by scholars in the scientific literature for the creation of terminological neologisms in Swahili correspond with actual practice. In order to do this, three steps are taken. In Step 1 we undertake the semi-automatic extraction of linguistics terminology, by comparing occurrence frequencies in a special-purpose corpus consisting of ten Swahili language/linguistics textbooks, with their corresponding frequencies in a 22-million-token general-language reference corpus. In Step 2 we study the source languages and actual word formation processes of the terms and neologisms with the highest keyness values obtained during the previous step. This discussion is divided into several sections, one section per source language. In Step 3, the terms and neologisms that have been found are compared with their treatment (or absence thereof) in two existing reference works, a general one and a linguistics terminology list. These three steps are preceded by brief introductions to (i) the Swahili language; (ii) its dictionaries and terminology lists; (iii) its metalexicographical, terminological and neologism studies; and (iv) our use of the term ‘neologism’. The three steps are followed by a discussion of our findings and a conclusion.
Keywords
Bantu, Swahili, corpora, semi-automatic term extraction, linguistics terminology, terminological neologisms, lexicography, digital dictionaries

Citation

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Chicago
de Schryver, Gilles-Maurice, and Jutta De Nul. 2019. “Linguistics Terminology and Neologisms in Swahili : Rules Vs. Practice.” In 22nd Biennial Meeting of the Dictionary Society of North America and Studies in the History of the English Language 11, 56–57. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.
APA
de Schryver, G.-M., & De Nul, J. (2019). Linguistics terminology and neologisms in Swahili : rules vs. practice. 22nd Biennial Meeting of the Dictionary Society of North America and Studies in the History of the English Language 11 (pp. 56–57). Presented at the GLOBALEX 2019 Pre-Conference Workshop at DSNA 2019: Lexicography and Neologism, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.
Vancouver
1.
de Schryver G-M, De Nul J. Linguistics terminology and neologisms in Swahili : rules vs. practice. 22nd Biennial Meeting of the Dictionary Society of North America and Studies in the History of the English Language 11. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University; 2019. p. 56–7.
MLA
de Schryver, Gilles-Maurice, and Jutta De Nul. “Linguistics Terminology and Neologisms in Swahili : Rules Vs. Practice.” 22nd Biennial Meeting of the Dictionary Society of North America and Studies in the History of the English Language 11. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University, 2019. 56–57. Print.
@inproceedings{8616183,
  abstract     = {In this paper we discuss the use of Swahili terminology in the field of linguistics. In particular, we are interested in finding out whether the rules laid out by scholars in the scientific literature for the creation of terminological neologisms in Swahili correspond with actual practice. In order to do this, three steps are taken. In Step 1 we undertake the semi-automatic extraction of linguistics terminology, by comparing occurrence frequencies in a special-purpose corpus consisting of ten Swahili language/linguistics textbooks, with their corresponding frequencies in a 22-million-token general-language reference corpus. In Step 2 we study the source languages and actual word formation processes of the terms and neologisms with the highest keyness values obtained during the previous step. This discussion is divided into several sections, one section per source language. In Step 3, the terms and neologisms that have been found are compared with their treatment (or absence thereof) in two existing reference works, a general one and a linguistics terminology list. These three steps are preceded by brief introductions to (i) the Swahili language; (ii) its dictionaries and terminology lists; (iii) its metalexicographical, terminological and neologism studies; and (iv) our use of the term ‘neologism’. The three steps are followed by a discussion of our findings and a conclusion.},
  author       = {de Schryver, Gilles-Maurice and De Nul, Jutta},
  booktitle    = {22nd Biennial Meeting of the Dictionary Society of North America and Studies in the History of the English Language 11},
  keywords     = {Bantu,Swahili,corpora,semi-automatic term extraction,linguistics terminology,terminological neologisms,lexicography,digital dictionaries},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Bloomington, IN},
  pages        = {56--57},
  publisher    = {Indiana University},
  title        = {Linguistics terminology and neologisms in Swahili : rules vs. practice},
  year         = {2019},
}