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The financial burden of non-communicable diseases in the European Union : a systematic review

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Abstract
Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) impose a significant and growing burden on the health care system and overall economy of developed (and developing) countries. Nevertheless, an up-to-date assessment of this cost for the European Union (EU) is missing from the literature. Such an analysis could however have an important impact by motivating policymakers and by informing effective public health policies. Methods: Following the PRISMA protocol, we conduct a systematic review of electronic databases (PubMed/Medline, Embase, Web of Science Core Collection) and collect scientific articles that assess the direct (health care-related) and indirect (economic) costs of four major NCDs (cardiovascular disease, cancer, type-2 diabetes mellitus and chronic respiratory disease) in the EU, between 2008 and 2018. Data quality was assessed through the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Results: We find 28 studies that match our criteria for further analysis. From our review, we conclude that the four major NCDs in the EU claim a significant share of the total health care budget (at least 25% of health spending) and they impose an important economic loss (almost 2% of gross domestic product). Conclusion: The NCD burden forms a public health risk with a high financial impact; it puts significant pressure on current health care and economic systems, as shown by our analysis. We identify a further need for cost analyses of NCDs, in particular on the impact of comorbidities and other complications. Aside from cost estimations, future research should focus on assessing the mix of public health policies that will be most effective in tackling the NCD burden.
Keywords
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health, DIABETES-MELLITUS, ECONOMIC BURDEN, GLOBAL IMPACT, COSTS, CANCER, PRODUCTIVITY

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MLA
Vandenberghe, Désirée, and Johan Albrecht. “The Financial Burden of Non-Communicable Diseases in the European Union : A Systematic Review.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 30, no. 4, 2020, pp. 833–39, doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckz073.
APA
Vandenberghe, D., & Albrecht, J. (2020). The financial burden of non-communicable diseases in the European Union : a systematic review. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, 30(4), 833–839. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckz073
Chicago author-date
Vandenberghe, Désirée, and Johan Albrecht. 2020. “The Financial Burden of Non-Communicable Diseases in the European Union : A Systematic Review.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH 30 (4): 833–39. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckz073.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vandenberghe, Désirée, and Johan Albrecht. 2020. “The Financial Burden of Non-Communicable Diseases in the European Union : A Systematic Review.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH 30 (4): 833–839. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckz073.
Vancouver
1.
Vandenberghe D, Albrecht J. The financial burden of non-communicable diseases in the European Union : a systematic review. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH. 2020;30(4):833–9.
IEEE
[1]
D. Vandenberghe and J. Albrecht, “The financial burden of non-communicable diseases in the European Union : a systematic review,” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 833–839, 2020.
@article{8615496,
  abstract     = {Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) impose a significant and growing burden on the health care system and overall economy of developed (and developing) countries. Nevertheless, an up-to-date assessment of this cost for the European Union (EU) is missing from the literature. Such an analysis could however have an important impact by motivating policymakers and by informing effective public health policies.

Methods: Following the PRISMA protocol, we conduct a systematic review of electronic databases (PubMed/Medline, Embase, Web of Science Core Collection) and collect scientific articles that assess the direct (health care-related) and indirect (economic) costs of four major NCDs (cardiovascular disease, cancer, type-2 diabetes mellitus and chronic respiratory disease) in the EU, between 2008 and 2018. Data quality was assessed through the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale.

Results: We find 28 studies that match our criteria for further analysis. From our review, we conclude that the four major NCDs in the EU claim a significant share of the total health care budget (at least 25% of health spending) and they impose an important economic loss (almost 2% of gross domestic product).

Conclusion: The NCD burden forms a public health risk with a high financial impact; it puts significant pressure on current health care and economic systems, as shown by our analysis. We identify a further need for cost analyses of NCDs, in particular on the impact of comorbidities and other complications. Aside from cost estimations, future research should focus on assessing the mix of public health policies that will be most effective in tackling the NCD burden.},
  author       = {Vandenberghe, Désirée and Albrecht, Johan},
  issn         = {1101-1262},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH},
  keywords     = {Public Health,Environmental and Occupational Health,DIABETES-MELLITUS,ECONOMIC BURDEN,GLOBAL IMPACT,COSTS,CANCER,PRODUCTIVITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {833--839},
  title        = {The financial burden of non-communicable diseases in the European Union : a systematic review},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckz073},
  volume       = {30},
  year         = {2020},
}

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