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Sensitivity to peer evaluation and its genetic and environmental determinants : findings from a population-based twin study

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Abstract
Adolescents and young adults are highly focused on peer evaluation, but little is known about sources of their differential sensitivity. We examined to what extent sensitivity to peer evaluation is influenced by interacting environmental and genetic factors. A sample of 354 healthy adolescent twin pairs (n=708) took part in a structured, laboratory task in which they were exposed to peer evaluation. The proportion of the variance in sensitivity to peer evaluation due to genetic and environmental factors was estimated, as was the association with specific a priori environmental risk factors. Differences in sensitivity to peer evaluation between adolescents were explained mainly by non-shared environmental influences. The results on shared environmental influences were not conclusive. No impact of latent genetic factors or gene-environment interactions was found. Adolescents with lower self-rated positions on the social ladder or who reported to have been bullied more severely showed significantly stronger responses to peer evaluation. Not genes, but subjective social status and past experience of being bullied seem to impact sensitivity to peer evaluation. This suggests that altered response to peer evaluation is the outcome of cumulative sensitization to social interactions.
Keywords
SUBJECTIVE SOCIAL-STATUS, IMPLICIT ASSOCIATION TEST, ADRENAL AXIS, RESPONSES, CHILDHOOD TRAUMA, PSYCHOSOCIAL STRESS, CORTISOL RESPONSES, BIRTH-WEIGHT, SURVEY EFPTS, DAILY-LIFE, CLINICAL-IMPLICATIONS, Peer evaluation, Gene-environment interactions, Twin design, Bullying, Subjective social status, Adolescents

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MLA
Klippel, Annelie et al. “Sensitivity to Peer Evaluation and Its Genetic and Environmental Determinants : Findings from a Population-based Twin Study.” CHILD PSYCHIATRY & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT 49.5 (2018): 766–778. Print.
APA
Klippel, A., Reininghaus, U., Viechtbauer, W., Decoster, J., Delespaul, P., Derom, C., de Hert, M., et al. (2018). Sensitivity to peer evaluation and its genetic and environmental determinants : findings from a population-based twin study. CHILD PSYCHIATRY & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, 49(5), 766–778.
Chicago author-date
Klippel, Annelie, Ulrich Reininghaus, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Jeroen Decoster, Philippe Delespaul, Catherine Derom, Marc de Hert, et al. 2018. “Sensitivity to Peer Evaluation and Its Genetic and Environmental Determinants : Findings from a Population-based Twin Study.” Child Psychiatry & Human Development 49 (5): 766–778.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Klippel, Annelie, Ulrich Reininghaus, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Jeroen Decoster, Philippe Delespaul, Catherine Derom, Marc de Hert, Nele Jacobs, Claudia Menne-Lothmann, Bart Rutten, Evert Thiery, Jim van Os, Ruud van Winkel, Inez Myin-Germeys, and Marieke Wichers. 2018. “Sensitivity to Peer Evaluation and Its Genetic and Environmental Determinants : Findings from a Population-based Twin Study.” Child Psychiatry & Human Development 49 (5): 766–778.
Vancouver
1.
Klippel A, Reininghaus U, Viechtbauer W, Decoster J, Delespaul P, Derom C, et al. Sensitivity to peer evaluation and its genetic and environmental determinants : findings from a population-based twin study. CHILD PSYCHIATRY & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT. 2018;49(5):766–78.
IEEE
[1]
A. Klippel et al., “Sensitivity to peer evaluation and its genetic and environmental determinants : findings from a population-based twin study,” CHILD PSYCHIATRY & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, vol. 49, no. 5, pp. 766–778, 2018.
@article{8615395,
  abstract     = {Adolescents and young adults are highly focused on peer evaluation, but little is known about sources of their differential sensitivity. We examined to what extent sensitivity to peer evaluation is influenced by interacting environmental and genetic factors. A sample of 354 healthy adolescent twin pairs (n=708) took part in a structured, laboratory task in which they were exposed to peer evaluation. The proportion of the variance in sensitivity to peer evaluation due to genetic and environmental factors was estimated, as was the association with specific a priori environmental risk factors. Differences in sensitivity to peer evaluation between adolescents were explained mainly by non-shared environmental influences. The results on shared environmental influences were not conclusive. No impact of latent genetic factors or gene-environment interactions was found. Adolescents with lower self-rated positions on the social ladder or who reported to have been bullied more severely showed significantly stronger responses to peer evaluation. Not genes, but subjective social status and past experience of being bullied seem to impact sensitivity to peer evaluation. This suggests that altered response to peer evaluation is the outcome of cumulative sensitization to social interactions.},
  author       = {Klippel, Annelie and Reininghaus, Ulrich and Viechtbauer, Wolfgang and Decoster, Jeroen and Delespaul, Philippe and Derom, Catherine and de Hert, Marc and Jacobs, Nele and Menne-Lothmann, Claudia and Rutten, Bart and Thiery, Evert and van Os, Jim and van Winkel, Ruud and Myin-Germeys, Inez and Wichers, Marieke},
  issn         = {0009-398X},
  journal      = {CHILD PSYCHIATRY & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT},
  keywords     = {SUBJECTIVE SOCIAL-STATUS,IMPLICIT ASSOCIATION TEST,ADRENAL AXIS,RESPONSES,CHILDHOOD TRAUMA,PSYCHOSOCIAL STRESS,CORTISOL RESPONSES,BIRTH-WEIGHT,SURVEY EFPTS,DAILY-LIFE,CLINICAL-IMPLICATIONS,Peer evaluation,Gene-environment interactions,Twin design,Bullying,Subjective social status,Adolescents},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {766--778},
  title        = {Sensitivity to peer evaluation and its genetic and environmental determinants : findings from a population-based twin study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10578-018-0792-x},
  volume       = {49},
  year         = {2018},
}

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