Advanced search
1 file | 279.63 KB Add to list

Non-suicidal self-injury and co-occurring suicide attempt in male prisoners

Louis Favril (UGent)
(2019) PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH. 276. p.196-202
Author
Organization
Abstract
High rates of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide attempts (SA) are well documented in prisoners, however, few studies examined their co-occurrence in this high-risk population. Study participants were 1203 adult men randomly selected from 15 Belgian prisons, representing 12% of the national male prison population. Lifetime prevalence rates for NSSI and SA are 17% and 20% respectively, with half (55%) of self-injurers reporting a SA history. Bivariate analyses show that NSSI and SA are significantly related to one another, and many risk factors are common to both. Multivariate analysis comparing prisoners who engaged in NSSI with (n = 109) and without (n = 90) co-occurring SA indicates that suicidal ideation is the strongest independent correlate of SA among self-injurers. Additionally, relative to those with a history of NSSI only, prisoners with co-occurring NSSI and SA are significantly more likely to be violent offenders, being prescribed psychotropic medication, and report a psychiatric diagnosis; suggesting that they constitute a more clinically severe subgroup. Collectively, these findings highlight the marked overlap between NSSI and SA in prisoners, both in terms of prevalence and correlates, with suicidal ideation being an important predictor of suicide risk among self-injurers.
Keywords
prison, self-harm, suicide attempt, non-suicidal self-injury, RISK-FACTORS, DISTINGUISHING FEATURES, GENDER-DIFFERENCES, YOUNG-ADULTS, MALE INMATES, BEHAVIOR, HARM, PREVALENCE, ADOLESCENTS, IDEATION, Prison, Self-harm, Suicide attempt, Non-suicidal self-injury

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text (Published version)
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 279.63 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Favril, Louis. “Non-Suicidal Self-Injury and Co-Occurring Suicide Attempt in Male Prisoners.” PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH, vol. 276, 2019, pp. 196–202, doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2019.05.017.
APA
Favril, L. (2019). Non-suicidal self-injury and co-occurring suicide attempt in male prisoners. PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH, 276, 196–202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.05.017
Chicago author-date
Favril, Louis. 2019. “Non-Suicidal Self-Injury and Co-Occurring Suicide Attempt in Male Prisoners.” PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH 276: 196–202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.05.017.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Favril, Louis. 2019. “Non-Suicidal Self-Injury and Co-Occurring Suicide Attempt in Male Prisoners.” PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH 276: 196–202. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2019.05.017.
Vancouver
1.
Favril L. Non-suicidal self-injury and co-occurring suicide attempt in male prisoners. PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH. 2019;276:196–202.
IEEE
[1]
L. Favril, “Non-suicidal self-injury and co-occurring suicide attempt in male prisoners,” PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH, vol. 276, pp. 196–202, 2019.
@article{8615304,
  abstract     = {{High rates of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide attempts (SA) are well documented in prisoners, however, few studies examined their co-occurrence in this high-risk population. Study participants were 1203 adult men randomly selected from 15 Belgian prisons, representing 12% of the national male prison population. Lifetime prevalence rates for NSSI and SA are 17% and 20% respectively, with half (55%) of self-injurers reporting a SA history. Bivariate analyses show that NSSI and SA are significantly related to one another, and many risk factors are common to both. Multivariate analysis comparing prisoners who engaged in NSSI with (n = 109) and without (n = 90) co-occurring SA indicates that suicidal ideation is the strongest independent correlate of SA among self-injurers. Additionally, relative to those with a history of NSSI only, prisoners with co-occurring NSSI and SA are significantly more likely to be violent offenders, being prescribed psychotropic medication, and report a psychiatric diagnosis; suggesting that they constitute a more clinically severe subgroup. Collectively, these findings highlight the marked overlap between NSSI and SA in prisoners, both in terms of prevalence and correlates, with suicidal ideation being an important predictor of suicide risk among self-injurers.}},
  author       = {{Favril, Louis}},
  issn         = {{0165-1781}},
  journal      = {{PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH}},
  keywords     = {{prison,self-harm,suicide attempt,non-suicidal self-injury,RISK-FACTORS,DISTINGUISHING FEATURES,GENDER-DIFFERENCES,YOUNG-ADULTS,MALE INMATES,BEHAVIOR,HARM,PREVALENCE,ADOLESCENTS,IDEATION,Prison,Self-harm,Suicide attempt,Non-suicidal self-injury}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{196--202}},
  title        = {{Non-suicidal self-injury and co-occurring suicide attempt in male prisoners}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.05.017}},
  volume       = {{276}},
  year         = {{2019}},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: