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A consensus guide to capturing the ability to inhibit actions and impulsive behaviors in the stop-signal task

(2019) ELIFE. 8.
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Abstract
Response inhibition is essential for navigating everyday life. Its derailment is considered integral to numerous neurological and psychiatric disorders, and more generally, to a wide range of behavioral and health problems. Response-inhibition efficiency furthermore correlates with treatment outcome in some of these conditions. The stop-signal task is an essential tool to determine how quickly response inhibition is implemented. Despite its apparent simplicity, there are many features (ranging from task design to data analysis) that vary across studies in ways that can easily compromise the validity of the obtained results. Our goal is to facilitate a more accurate use of the stop-signal task. To this end, we provide 12 easy-to-implement consensus recommendations and point out the problems that can arise when they are not followed. Furthermore, we provide user-friendly open-source resources intended to inform statistical-power considerations, facilitate the correct implementation of the task, and assist in proper data analysis.
Keywords
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, General Immunology and Microbiology, General Neuroscience, General Medicine, Psychology, NEURAL BASIS, RACE MODEL, THOUGHT, BRAIN, MIND, ACT

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MLA
Verbruggen, Frederick, et al. “A Consensus Guide to Capturing the Ability to Inhibit Actions and Impulsive Behaviors in the Stop-Signal Task.” ELIFE, vol. 8, 2019, doi:10.7554/elife.46323.
APA
Verbruggen, F., Aron, A. R., Band, G. P. H., Beste, C., Bissett, P. G., Brockett, A. T., … Böhler, N. (2019). A consensus guide to capturing the ability to inhibit actions and impulsive behaviors in the stop-signal task. ELIFE, 8. https://doi.org/10.7554/elife.46323
Chicago author-date
Verbruggen, Frederick, Adam R. Aron, Guido P. H. Band, Christian Beste, Patrick G. Bissett, Adam T. Brockett, Joshua W. Brown, et al. 2019. “A Consensus Guide to Capturing the Ability to Inhibit Actions and Impulsive Behaviors in the Stop-Signal Task.” ELIFE 8. https://doi.org/10.7554/elife.46323.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Verbruggen, Frederick, Adam R. Aron, Guido P. H. Band, Christian Beste, Patrick G. Bissett, Adam T. Brockett, Joshua W. Brown, Samuel R. Chamberlain, Christopher D. Chambers, Hans Colonius, Lorenza S. Colzato, Brian D. Corneil, James P. Coxon, Annie Dupuis, Dawn M. Eagle, Hugh Garavan, Ian Greenhouse, Andrew Heathcote, René J. Huster, Sara Jahfari, J. Leon Kenemans, Inge Leunissen, Gordon D. Logan, Dora Matzke, Sharon Morein-Zamir, Aditya Murthy, Chiang-Shan R. Li, Martin Paré, Russell A. Poldrack, K. Richard Ridderinkhof, Trevor W. Robbins, Matthew Roesch, Katya Rubia, Russell J. Schachar, Jeffrey D. Schall, Ann-Kathrin Stock, Nicole C. Swann, Katharine N. Thakkar, Maurits W. van der Molen, Luc Vermeylen, Matthijs Vink, Jan R. Wessel, Robert Whelan, Bram B. Zandbelt, and Nico Böhler. 2019. “A Consensus Guide to Capturing the Ability to Inhibit Actions and Impulsive Behaviors in the Stop-Signal Task.” ELIFE 8. doi:10.7554/elife.46323.
Vancouver
1.
Verbruggen F, Aron AR, Band GPH, Beste C, Bissett PG, Brockett AT, et al. A consensus guide to capturing the ability to inhibit actions and impulsive behaviors in the stop-signal task. ELIFE. 2019;8.
IEEE
[1]
F. Verbruggen et al., “A consensus guide to capturing the ability to inhibit actions and impulsive behaviors in the stop-signal task,” ELIFE, vol. 8, 2019.
@article{8615118,
  abstract     = {{Response inhibition is essential for navigating everyday life. Its derailment is considered integral to numerous neurological and psychiatric disorders, and more generally, to a wide range of behavioral and health problems. Response-inhibition efficiency furthermore correlates with treatment outcome in some of these conditions. The stop-signal task is an essential tool to determine how quickly response inhibition is implemented. Despite its apparent simplicity, there are many features (ranging from task design to data analysis) that vary across studies in ways that can easily compromise the validity of the obtained results. Our goal is to facilitate a more accurate use of the stop-signal task. To this end, we provide 12 easy-to-implement consensus recommendations and point out the problems that can arise when they are not followed. Furthermore, we provide user-friendly open-source resources intended to inform statistical-power considerations, facilitate the correct implementation of the task, and assist in proper data analysis.}},
  articleno    = {{e46323}},
  author       = {{Verbruggen, Frederick and Aron, Adam R. and Band, Guido P. H. and Beste, Christian and Bissett, Patrick G. and Brockett, Adam T. and Brown, Joshua W. and Chamberlain, Samuel R. and Chambers, Christopher D. and Colonius, Hans and Colzato, Lorenza S. and Corneil, Brian D. and Coxon, James P. and Dupuis, Annie and Eagle, Dawn M. and Garavan, Hugh and Greenhouse, Ian and Heathcote, Andrew and Huster, René J. and Jahfari, Sara and Kenemans, J. Leon and Leunissen, Inge and Logan, Gordon D. and Matzke, Dora and Morein-Zamir, Sharon and Murthy, Aditya and Li, Chiang-Shan R. and Paré, Martin and Poldrack, Russell A. and Ridderinkhof, K. Richard and Robbins, Trevor W. and Roesch, Matthew and Rubia, Katya and Schachar, Russell J. and Schall, Jeffrey D. and Stock, Ann-Kathrin and Swann, Nicole C. and Thakkar, Katharine N. and van der Molen, Maurits W. and Vermeylen, Luc and Vink, Matthijs and Wessel, Jan R. and Whelan, Robert and Zandbelt, Bram B. and Böhler, Nico}},
  issn         = {{2050-084X}},
  journal      = {{ELIFE}},
  keywords     = {{General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology,General Immunology and Microbiology,General Neuroscience,General Medicine,Psychology,NEURAL BASIS,RACE MODEL,THOUGHT,BRAIN,MIND,ACT}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{26}},
  title        = {{A consensus guide to capturing the ability to inhibit actions and impulsive behaviors in the stop-signal task}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/elife.46323}},
  volume       = {{8}},
  year         = {{2019}},
}

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