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Long‐term recovery of the functional community assembly and carbon pools in an African tropical forest succession

(2019) BIOTROPICA. 51(3). p.319-329
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Abstract
On the African continent, the population is expected to expand fourfold in the next century, which will increasingly impact the global carbon cycle and biodiversity conservation. Therefore, it is of vital importance to understand how carbon stocks and community assembly recover after slash-and-burn events in tropical second growth forests. We inventoried a chronosequence of 15 1-ha plots in lowland tropical forest of the central Congo Basin and evaluated changes in aboveground and soil organic carbon stocks and in tree species diversity, functional composition, and community-weighted functional traits with succession. We aimed to track long-term recovery trajectories of species and carbon stocks in secondary forests, comparing 5 to 200 + year old secondary forest with reference primary forest. Along the successional gradient, the functional composition followed a trajectory from resource acquisition to resource conservation, except for nitrogen-related leaf traits. Despite a fast, initial recovery of species diversity and functional composition, there were still important structural and carbon stock differences between old growth secondary and pristine forest, which suggests that a full recovery of secondary forests might take much longer than currently shown. As such, the aboveground carbon stocks of 200 + year old forest were only 57% of those in the pristine reference forest, which suggests a slow recovery of aboveground carbon stocks, although more research is needed to confirm this observation. The results of this study highlight the need for more in-depth studies on forest recovery in Central Africa, to gain insight into the processes that control biodiversity and carbon stock recovery.
Keywords
carbon stocks, Central Africa, Congo basin, functional assembly, long-term recovery, secondary succession, tropical forest, ABOVEGROUND BIOMASS, LAND-USE, SECONDARY, RESILIENCE, DRY, DIVERSITY, CHARCOAL, DYNAMICS, FIRE, AGE, cavelab

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Bauters, Marijn, et al. “Long‐term Recovery of the Functional Community Assembly and Carbon Pools in an African Tropical Forest Succession.” BIOTROPICA, vol. 51, no. 3, 2019, pp. 319–29.
APA
Bauters, M., Vercleyen, O., Vanlauwe, B., Six, J., Bonyoma, B., Badjoko, H., … Boeckx, P. (2019). Long‐term recovery of the functional community assembly and carbon pools in an African tropical forest succession. BIOTROPICA, 51(3), 319–329.
Chicago author-date
Bauters, Marijn, Oscar Vercleyen, Bernard Vanlauwe, Johan Six, Bernard Bonyoma, Henri Badjoko, Wannes Hubau, et al. 2019. “Long‐term Recovery of the Functional Community Assembly and Carbon Pools in an African Tropical Forest Succession.” BIOTROPICA 51 (3): 319–29.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Bauters, Marijn, Oscar Vercleyen, Bernard Vanlauwe, Johan Six, Bernard Bonyoma, Henri Badjoko, Wannes Hubau, Alison Hoyt, Mathieu Boudin, Hans Verbeeck, and Pascal Boeckx. 2019. “Long‐term Recovery of the Functional Community Assembly and Carbon Pools in an African Tropical Forest Succession.” BIOTROPICA 51 (3): 319–329.
Vancouver
1.
Bauters M, Vercleyen O, Vanlauwe B, Six J, Bonyoma B, Badjoko H, et al. Long‐term recovery of the functional community assembly and carbon pools in an African tropical forest succession. BIOTROPICA. 2019;51(3):319–29.
IEEE
[1]
M. Bauters et al., “Long‐term recovery of the functional community assembly and carbon pools in an African tropical forest succession,” BIOTROPICA, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 319–329, 2019.
@article{8614079,
  abstract     = {On the African continent, the population is expected to expand fourfold in the next century, which will increasingly impact the global carbon cycle and biodiversity conservation. Therefore, it is of vital importance to understand how carbon stocks and community assembly recover after slash-and-burn events in tropical second growth forests. We inventoried a chronosequence of 15 1-ha plots in lowland tropical forest of the central Congo Basin and evaluated changes in aboveground and soil organic carbon stocks and in tree species diversity, functional composition, and community-weighted functional traits with succession. We aimed to track long-term recovery trajectories of species and carbon stocks in secondary forests, comparing 5 to 200 + year old secondary forest with reference primary forest. Along the successional gradient, the functional composition followed a trajectory from resource acquisition to resource conservation, except for nitrogen-related leaf traits. Despite a fast, initial recovery of species diversity and functional composition, there were still important structural and carbon stock differences between old growth secondary and pristine forest, which suggests that a full recovery of secondary forests might take much longer than currently shown. As such, the aboveground carbon stocks of 200 + year old forest were only 57% of those in the pristine reference forest, which suggests a slow recovery of aboveground carbon stocks, although more research is needed to confirm this observation. The results of this study highlight the need for more in-depth studies on forest recovery in Central Africa, to gain insight into the processes that control biodiversity and carbon stock recovery.},
  author       = {Bauters, Marijn and Vercleyen, Oscar and Vanlauwe, Bernard and Six, Johan and Bonyoma, Bernard and Badjoko, Henri and Hubau, Wannes and Hoyt, Alison and Boudin, Mathieu and Verbeeck, Hans and Boeckx, Pascal},
  issn         = {0006-3606},
  journal      = {BIOTROPICA},
  keywords     = {carbon stocks,Central Africa,Congo basin,functional assembly,long-term recovery,secondary succession,tropical forest,ABOVEGROUND BIOMASS,LAND-USE,SECONDARY,RESILIENCE,DRY,DIVERSITY,CHARCOAL,DYNAMICS,FIRE,AGE,cavelab},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {319--329},
  title        = {Long‐term recovery of the functional community assembly and carbon pools in an African tropical forest succession},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/btp.12647},
  volume       = {51},
  year         = {2019},
}

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