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The origin of non-canonical case marking of subjects in proto-indo-European : accusative, ergative, or semantic alignment

(2019) INDOGERMANISCHE FORSCHUNGEN. 124(1). p.245-263
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Abstract
For a long time one of the most bewildering conundrums of Indo-European linguistics has been the issue of how to reconstruct the alignment system of this ancient language state, given the lack of distinction between s and o marking in the Proto-Indo-European neuter nouns and the problem of the Hittite ergative. An additional complication stems from the existence of argument structure constructions where the subject(-like) argument is marked in a different case than the nominative, like the accusative or the dative. Our aim with the present article is to fill two needs with one deed and offer a unified account of this century-long bone of contention. In contribution to the ongoing discussion in the field, we claim that a semantic alignment system, in the terms of Donohue & Wichmann (2008), might not only fit better with the morphological data that are currently reconstructed for the ancestral language, but also with the existence of non-canonically case-marked subjects in general (Barodal, Bjarnadottir, et al. 2013; Danesi, Johnson & Barodal 2017).
Keywords
ERGATIVITY, GREEK, Proto-Indo-European, alignment systems, argument structure, non-nominative subjects, morphophonology, ergativity, converse lability

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Citation

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MLA
Pooth, Roland, et al. “The Origin of Non-Canonical Case Marking of Subjects in Proto-Indo-European : Accusative, Ergative, or Semantic Alignment.” INDOGERMANISCHE FORSCHUNGEN, vol. 124, no. 1, 2019, pp. 245–63.
APA
Pooth, R., Kerkhof, P. A., Kulikov, L., & Barddal, J. (2019). The origin of non-canonical case marking of subjects in proto-indo-European : accusative, ergative, or semantic alignment. INDOGERMANISCHE FORSCHUNGEN, 124(1), 245–263.
Chicago author-date
Pooth, Roland, Peter Alexander Kerkhof, Leonid Kulikov, and Johanna Barddal. 2019. “The Origin of Non-Canonical Case Marking of Subjects in Proto-Indo-European : Accusative, Ergative, or Semantic Alignment.” INDOGERMANISCHE FORSCHUNGEN 124 (1): 245–63.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Pooth, Roland, Peter Alexander Kerkhof, Leonid Kulikov, and Johanna Barddal. 2019. “The Origin of Non-Canonical Case Marking of Subjects in Proto-Indo-European : Accusative, Ergative, or Semantic Alignment.” INDOGERMANISCHE FORSCHUNGEN 124 (1): 245–263.
Vancouver
1.
Pooth R, Kerkhof PA, Kulikov L, Barddal J. The origin of non-canonical case marking of subjects in proto-indo-European : accusative, ergative, or semantic alignment. INDOGERMANISCHE FORSCHUNGEN. 2019;124(1):245–63.
IEEE
[1]
R. Pooth, P. A. Kerkhof, L. Kulikov, and J. Barddal, “The origin of non-canonical case marking of subjects in proto-indo-European : accusative, ergative, or semantic alignment,” INDOGERMANISCHE FORSCHUNGEN, vol. 124, no. 1, pp. 245–263, 2019.
@article{8613903,
  abstract     = {For a long time one of the most bewildering conundrums of Indo-European linguistics has been the issue of how to reconstruct the alignment system of this ancient language state, given the lack of distinction between s and o marking in the Proto-Indo-European neuter nouns and the problem of the Hittite ergative. An additional complication stems from the existence of argument structure constructions where the subject(-like) argument is marked in a different case than the nominative, like the accusative or the dative. Our aim with the present article is to fill two needs with one deed and offer a unified account of this century-long bone of contention. In contribution to the ongoing discussion in the field, we claim that a semantic alignment system, in the terms of Donohue & Wichmann (2008), might not only fit better with the morphological data that are currently reconstructed for the ancestral language, but also with the existence of non-canonically case-marked subjects in general (Barodal, Bjarnadottir, et al. 2013; Danesi, Johnson & Barodal 2017).},
  author       = {Pooth, Roland and Kerkhof, Peter Alexander and Kulikov, Leonid and Barddal, Johanna},
  issn         = {0019-7262},
  journal      = {INDOGERMANISCHE FORSCHUNGEN},
  keywords     = {ERGATIVITY,GREEK,Proto-Indo-European,alignment systems,argument structure,non-nominative subjects,morphophonology,ergativity,converse lability},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {245--263},
  title        = {The origin of non-canonical case marking of subjects in proto-indo-European : accusative, ergative, or semantic alignment},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/if-2019-0009},
  volume       = {124},
  year         = {2019},
}

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