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Tracing mercury pollution along the Norwegian coast via elemental, speciation, and isotopic analysis of liver and muscle tissue of deep-water marine fish (Brosme brosme)

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Abstract
Liver and muscle tissue of tusks (Brosme brosme) have been analyzed for their THg and MeHg concentrations and Hg isotopic signatures for tracing Hg pollution along the Norwegian coast. Clear differences between tissue types and locations were established. At five of the eight locations, the Hg concentration in muscle exceeded the maximum allowable level of 0.5 mg kg(-1) wet weight. delta Hg-202 values in both tissue types indicated that Hg speciation affects the bulk Hg isotopic signature. Tusk liver seems to be more sensitive to immediate changes and to anthropogenic inorganic Hg, while the muscle rather reflects the Hg accumulated over a longer period of exposure. The delta Hg-202 values of liver and muscle also enabled different sources of Hg and exposure pathways to be distinguished. delta Hg-202(muscle)-delta Hg-202(liver) showed a clear correlation with the % MeHg in tusk liver for the coastal waters, but not for the fjords. The absence of significant differences in Delta Hg-199 values between both tissues of tusk from the same location suggests that in vivo metabolic processes are the underlying reason for the differences in Hg speciation and in delta Hg-202 values. This work highlights the importance of selecting different tissues of marine fish in future Hg monitoring programs.
Keywords
INORGANIC MERCURY, TROPHIC TRANSFER, DEPENDENT FRACTIONATION, DIETARY, METHYLMERCURY, EXPOSURE PATHWAYS, FLIN-FLON, HG, CONTAMINATION, HG(II), BIOACCUMULATION

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MLA
Rua Ibarz, Ana Maria, et al. “Tracing Mercury Pollution along the Norwegian Coast via Elemental, Speciation, and Isotopic Analysis of Liver and Muscle Tissue of Deep-Water Marine Fish (Brosme Brosme).” ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, vol. 53, no. 4, 2019, pp. 1776–85.
APA
Rua Ibarz, A. M., Bolea Fernandez, E., Maage, A., Frantzen, S., Sanden, M., & Vanhaecke, F. (2019). Tracing mercury pollution along the Norwegian coast via elemental, speciation, and isotopic analysis of liver and muscle tissue of deep-water marine fish (Brosme brosme). ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 53(4), 1776–1785.
Chicago author-date
Rua Ibarz, Ana Maria, Eduardo Bolea Fernandez, Amund Maage, Sylvia Frantzen, Monica Sanden, and Frank Vanhaecke. 2019. “Tracing Mercury Pollution along the Norwegian Coast via Elemental, Speciation, and Isotopic Analysis of Liver and Muscle Tissue of Deep-Water Marine Fish (Brosme Brosme).” ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY 53 (4): 1776–85.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Rua Ibarz, Ana Maria, Eduardo Bolea Fernandez, Amund Maage, Sylvia Frantzen, Monica Sanden, and Frank Vanhaecke. 2019. “Tracing Mercury Pollution along the Norwegian Coast via Elemental, Speciation, and Isotopic Analysis of Liver and Muscle Tissue of Deep-Water Marine Fish (Brosme Brosme).” ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY 53 (4): 1776–1785.
Vancouver
1.
Rua Ibarz AM, Bolea Fernandez E, Maage A, Frantzen S, Sanden M, Vanhaecke F. Tracing mercury pollution along the Norwegian coast via elemental, speciation, and isotopic analysis of liver and muscle tissue of deep-water marine fish (Brosme brosme). ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY. 2019;53(4):1776–85.
IEEE
[1]
A. M. Rua Ibarz, E. Bolea Fernandez, A. Maage, S. Frantzen, M. Sanden, and F. Vanhaecke, “Tracing mercury pollution along the Norwegian coast via elemental, speciation, and isotopic analysis of liver and muscle tissue of deep-water marine fish (Brosme brosme),” ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 1776–1785, 2019.
@article{8612346,
  abstract     = {Liver and muscle tissue of tusks (Brosme brosme) have been analyzed for their THg and MeHg concentrations and Hg isotopic signatures for tracing Hg pollution along the Norwegian coast. Clear differences between tissue types and locations were established. At five of the eight locations, the Hg concentration in muscle exceeded the maximum allowable level of 0.5 mg kg(-1) wet weight. delta Hg-202 values in both tissue types indicated that Hg speciation affects the bulk Hg isotopic signature. Tusk liver seems to be more sensitive to immediate changes and to anthropogenic inorganic Hg, while the muscle rather reflects the Hg accumulated over a longer period of exposure. The delta Hg-202 values of liver and muscle also enabled different sources of Hg and exposure pathways to be distinguished. delta Hg-202(muscle)-delta Hg-202(liver) showed a clear correlation with the % MeHg in tusk liver for the coastal waters, but not for the fjords. The absence of significant differences in Delta Hg-199 values between both tissues of tusk from the same location suggests that in vivo metabolic processes are the underlying reason for the differences in Hg speciation and in delta Hg-202 values. This work highlights the importance of selecting different tissues of marine fish in future Hg monitoring programs.},
  author       = {Rua Ibarz, Ana Maria and Bolea Fernandez, Eduardo and Maage, Amund and Frantzen, Sylvia and Sanden, Monica and Vanhaecke, Frank},
  issn         = {0013-936X},
  journal      = {ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY},
  keywords     = {INORGANIC MERCURY,TROPHIC TRANSFER,DEPENDENT FRACTIONATION,DIETARY,METHYLMERCURY,EXPOSURE PATHWAYS,FLIN-FLON,HG,CONTAMINATION,HG(II),BIOACCUMULATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {1776--1785},
  title        = {Tracing mercury pollution along the Norwegian coast via elemental, speciation, and isotopic analysis of liver and muscle tissue of deep-water marine fish (Brosme brosme)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.8b04706},
  volume       = {53},
  year         = {2019},
}

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