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Forward converter current fed equalizer for lithium based batteries in ultralight electrical vehicles

(2019) ELECTRONICS. 8(4).
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Abstract
In this paper, the concept of a forward balancing technique fed by a buck converter for lithium-based batteries in Electrical Vehicle (EV) applications is investigated. The proposed active topology equalizes eight cells in a series in a battery pack, by using a forward converter for each battery pack and the whole battery packs, using a buck converter. The battery bank consists of four battery packs, which are in series. Therefore, the proposed system will equalize 32 cells in series. In this paper, the proposed circuit employs a single transistor used in a Zero Voltage Switch (ZVS) for the forward converter. In practice, this means a capacitor in parallel with the switch at the same time a demagnetizing of the transformer is obtained. The circuit realizes a low Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) and reduces ringing. To overcome the problem of many pins on a coil former, the transformer secondary windings are made by using hairpin winding, on a ring core. It permits, e.g., having eight secondaries and uniform output voltages. Each secondary winding is made by two hairpin turns using two zero-Ohm resistors in series. The proposed topology has less components and circuitry, and it can equalize multiple battery packs by using a single buck converter and several forward converters for each battery pack. Experimental and simulation results are performed to verify the viability of the proposed topology.
Keywords
buck converter, EV, EMI, forward converter balancing, lithium battery, ZVS

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Farzan Moghaddam, Ali, and Alex Van den Bossche. 2019. “Forward Converter Current Fed Equalizer for Lithium Based Batteries in Ultralight Electrical Vehicles.” Electronics 8 (4).
APA
Farzan Moghaddam, A., & Van den Bossche, A. (2019). Forward converter current fed equalizer for lithium based batteries in ultralight electrical vehicles. ELECTRONICS, 8(4).
Vancouver
1.
Farzan Moghaddam A, Van den Bossche A. Forward converter current fed equalizer for lithium based batteries in ultralight electrical vehicles. ELECTRONICS. MDPI; 2019;8(4).
MLA
Farzan Moghaddam, Ali, and Alex Van den Bossche. “Forward Converter Current Fed Equalizer for Lithium Based Batteries in Ultralight Electrical Vehicles.” ELECTRONICS 8.4 (2019): n. pag. Print.
@article{8612045,
  abstract     = {In this paper, the concept of a forward balancing technique fed by a buck converter for lithium-based batteries in Electrical Vehicle (EV) applications is investigated. The proposed active topology equalizes eight cells in a series in a battery pack, by using a forward converter for each battery pack and the whole battery packs, using a buck converter. The battery bank consists of four battery packs, which are in series. Therefore, the proposed system will equalize 32 cells in series. In this paper, the proposed circuit employs a single transistor used in a Zero Voltage Switch (ZVS) for the forward converter. In practice, this means a capacitor in parallel with the switch at the same time a demagnetizing of the transformer is obtained. The circuit realizes a low Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) and reduces ringing. To overcome the problem of many pins on a coil former, the transformer secondary windings are made by using hairpin winding, on a ring core. It permits, e.g., having eight secondaries and uniform output voltages. Each secondary winding is made by two hairpin turns using two zero-Ohm resistors in series. The proposed topology has less components and circuitry, and it can equalize multiple battery packs by using a single buck converter and several forward converters for each battery pack. Experimental and simulation results are performed to verify the viability of the proposed topology. },
  articleno    = {408},
  author       = {Farzan Moghaddam, Ali and Van den Bossche, Alex},
  issn         = {2079-9292},
  journal      = {ELECTRONICS},
  keywords     = {buck converter,EV,EMI,forward converter balancing,lithium battery,ZVS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {19},
  publisher    = {MDPI},
  title        = {Forward converter current fed equalizer for lithium based batteries in ultralight electrical vehicles},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/electronics8040408},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2019},
}

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