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A 106-Gb/s PAM-4 Silicon Optical Receiver

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Abstract
We present a 106-Gb/s four-level pulse-amplitude modulation (PAM-4) silicon optical receiver consisting of a low-noise fully differential transimpedance amplifier (TIA) wire-bonded to a high-speed silicon photonic Ge photodiode (PD). A low-noise operation is achieved through a fully differential TIA architecture, combined with active on-chip biasing for the PD. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first integrated low-power optical receiver to report (sub-) KP4-FEC bit error ratios up to 53 GBd PAM-4 without any digital signal processing or equalization to compensate the receiver. An optical modulation amplitude sensitivity of -5 dBm at 53 GBd is obtained, while consuming 160 mW (1.51 pJ/b at 53 GBd). The receiver achieves the best-reported sensitivities from 32-up to 53-GBd PAM-4, at the lowest reported power consumption.
Keywords
I-N PHOTODETECTOR, TRANSMISSION, 4-level pulse-amplitude modulation (PAM-4), transimpedance amplifier, (TIA), SiGe BiCMOS, optical receiver, silicon photonics (SiPh), photodiode (PD)

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Citation

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MLA
Lambrecht, Joris, et al. “A 106-Gb/s PAM-4 Silicon Optical Receiver.” IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, vol. 31, no. 7, Ieee-inst Electrical Electronics Engineers Inc, 2019, pp. 505–08, doi:10.1109/LPT.2019.2899147.
APA
Lambrecht, J., Ramon, H., Moeneclaey, B., Verbist, J., Vanhoecke, M., Ossieur, P., … Yin, X. (2019). A 106-Gb/s PAM-4 Silicon Optical Receiver. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, 31(7), 505–508. https://doi.org/10.1109/LPT.2019.2899147
Chicago author-date
Lambrecht, Joris, Hannes Ramon, Bart Moeneclaey, Jochem Verbist, Michael Vanhoecke, Peter Ossieur, Peter De Heyn, Joris Van Campenhout, Johan Bauwelinck, and Xin Yin. 2019. “A 106-Gb/s PAM-4 Silicon Optical Receiver.” IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 31 (7): 505–8. https://doi.org/10.1109/LPT.2019.2899147.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Lambrecht, Joris, Hannes Ramon, Bart Moeneclaey, Jochem Verbist, Michael Vanhoecke, Peter Ossieur, Peter De Heyn, Joris Van Campenhout, Johan Bauwelinck, and Xin Yin. 2019. “A 106-Gb/s PAM-4 Silicon Optical Receiver.” IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS 31 (7): 505–508. doi:10.1109/LPT.2019.2899147.
Vancouver
1.
Lambrecht J, Ramon H, Moeneclaey B, Verbist J, Vanhoecke M, Ossieur P, et al. A 106-Gb/s PAM-4 Silicon Optical Receiver. IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS. 2019;31(7):505–8.
IEEE
[1]
J. Lambrecht et al., “A 106-Gb/s PAM-4 Silicon Optical Receiver,” IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 505–508, 2019.
@article{8611915,
  abstract     = {{We present a 106-Gb/s four-level pulse-amplitude modulation (PAM-4) silicon optical receiver consisting of a low-noise fully differential transimpedance amplifier (TIA) wire-bonded to a high-speed silicon photonic Ge photodiode (PD). A low-noise operation is achieved through a fully differential TIA architecture, combined with active on-chip biasing for the PD. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first integrated low-power optical receiver to report (sub-) KP4-FEC bit error ratios up to 53 GBd PAM-4 without any digital signal processing or equalization to compensate the receiver. An optical modulation amplitude sensitivity of -5 dBm at 53 GBd is obtained, while consuming 160 mW (1.51 pJ/b at 53 GBd). The receiver achieves the best-reported sensitivities from 32-up to 53-GBd PAM-4, at the lowest reported power consumption.}},
  author       = {{Lambrecht, Joris and Ramon, Hannes and Moeneclaey, Bart and Verbist, Jochem and Vanhoecke, Michael and Ossieur, Peter and De Heyn, Peter and Van Campenhout, Joris and Bauwelinck, Johan and Yin, Xin}},
  issn         = {{1041-1135}},
  journal      = {{IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS}},
  keywords     = {{I-N PHOTODETECTOR,TRANSMISSION,4-level pulse-amplitude modulation (PAM-4),transimpedance amplifier,(TIA),SiGe BiCMOS,optical receiver,silicon photonics (SiPh),photodiode (PD)}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{7}},
  pages        = {{505--508}},
  publisher    = {{Ieee-inst Electrical Electronics Engineers Inc}},
  title        = {{A 106-Gb/s PAM-4 Silicon Optical Receiver}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/LPT.2019.2899147}},
  volume       = {{31}},
  year         = {{2019}},
}

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