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Hybrid ray-tracing/FDTD method for human exposure evaluation of a massive MIMO technology in an industrial indoor environment

Sergei Shikhantsov (UGent) , Arno Thielens (UGent) , Günter Vermeeren (UGent) , Emmeric Tanghe (UGent) , Piet Demeester (UGent) , Luc Martens (UGent) , Guy Torfs (UGent) and Wout Joseph (UGent)
(2019) IEEE ACCESS. 7. p.21020-21031
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ATTO (A new concept for ultra-high capacity wireless networks)
Abstract
This paper presents a numerical approach for massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) human exposure assessment. It combines ray-tracing for the estimation of the wireless channel and the finite-difference time-domain method to simulate the exposure of a realistic human phantom. We apply it to estimate the exposure in a model of an industrial indoor environment with a single massive MIMO base station (BS). The exposure scenarios include line-of-sight and non-line-of-sight propagation with the BS using equal gain transmission precoding at 3.5 GHz. Calculated channel parameters are discussed in comparison with the data available in the literature. The exposure in the phantom's head is evaluated in terms of the peak-spatial specific absorption rate averaged over a 10-g cube and referenced to the free-space time-averaged Poynting vector magnitude at the same location.

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Chicago
Shikhantsov, Sergei, Arno Thielens, Günter Vermeeren, Emmeric Tanghe, Piet Demeester, Luc Martens, Guy Torfs, and Wout Joseph. 2019. “Hybrid ray-tracing/FDTD Method for Human Exposure Evaluation of a Massive MIMO Technology in an Industrial Indoor Environment.” Ieee Access 7: 21020–21031.
APA
Shikhantsov, S., Thielens, A., Vermeeren, G., Tanghe, E., Demeester, P., Martens, L., Torfs, G., et al. (2019). Hybrid ray-tracing/FDTD method for human exposure evaluation of a massive MIMO technology in an industrial indoor environment. IEEE ACCESS, 7, 21020–21031.
Vancouver
1.
Shikhantsov S, Thielens A, Vermeeren G, Tanghe E, Demeester P, Martens L, et al. Hybrid ray-tracing/FDTD method for human exposure evaluation of a massive MIMO technology in an industrial indoor environment. IEEE ACCESS. 2019;7:21020–31.
MLA
Shikhantsov, Sergei et al. “Hybrid ray-tracing/FDTD Method for Human Exposure Evaluation of a Massive MIMO Technology in an Industrial Indoor Environment.” IEEE ACCESS 7 (2019): 21020–21031. Print.
@article{8611096,
  abstract     = {This paper presents a numerical approach for massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) human exposure assessment. It combines ray-tracing for the estimation of the wireless channel and the finite-difference time-domain method to simulate the exposure of a realistic human phantom. We apply it to estimate the exposure in a model of an industrial indoor environment with a single massive MIMO base station (BS). The exposure scenarios include line-of-sight and non-line-of-sight propagation with the BS using equal gain transmission precoding at 3.5 GHz. Calculated channel parameters are discussed in comparison with the data available in the literature. The exposure in the phantom's head is evaluated in terms of the peak-spatial specific absorption rate averaged over a 10-g cube and referenced to the free-space time-averaged Poynting vector magnitude at the same location.},
  author       = {Shikhantsov, Sergei and Thielens, Arno and Vermeeren, G{\"u}nter and Tanghe, Emmeric and Demeester, Piet and Martens, Luc and Torfs, Guy and Joseph, Wout},
  issn         = {2169-3536},
  journal      = {IEEE ACCESS},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {21020--21031},
  title        = {Hybrid ray-tracing/FDTD method for human exposure evaluation of a massive MIMO technology in an industrial indoor environment},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2897921},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2019},
}

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