Advanced search
1 file | 1.41 MB Add to list

Hygiene and biosecurity protocols reduce infection prevalence but do not improve fledging success in an endangered parrot

Author
Organization
Abstract
Emerging Infectious Diseases (EIDs) are recognised as global extinction drivers of threatened species. Unfortunately, biodiversity managers have few tested solutions to manage them when often the desperate need for solutions necessitates a response. Here we test in situ biosecurity protocols to assess the efficacy of managing Psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD), one of the most common and emergent viral diseases in wild parrots (Psittaciformes) that is currently affecting numerous threatened species globally. In response to an outbreak of PBFD in Mauritius "echo" parakeets (Psittacula eques), managers implemented a set of biosecurity protocols to limit transmission and impact of Beak and feather disease virus (BFDV). Here we used a reciprocal design experiment on the wild population to test whether BFDV management reduced viral prevalence and viral load, and improved nestling body condition and fledge success. Whilst management reduced the probability of nestling infection by approximately 11% there was no observed impact on BFDV load and nestling body condition. In contrast to expectations there was lower fledge success in nests with added BFDV biosecurity (83% in untreated vs. 79% in treated nests). Our results clearly illustrate that management for wildlife conservation should be critically evaluated through targeted monitoring and experimental manipulation, and this evaluation should always focus on the fundamental objective of conservation.
Keywords
FEATHER DISEASE VIRUS, PSITTACINE BEAK, PORCINE CIRCOVIRUS, GENETIC, DIVERSITY, MANAGEMENT, WILD, CONSERVATION, BIODIVERSITY, DYNAMICS, THREATS

Downloads

  • cs1.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 1.41 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Fogell, Deborah J et al. “Hygiene and Biosecurity Protocols Reduce Infection Prevalence but Do Not Improve Fledging Success in an Endangered Parrot.” SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 9 (2019): n. pag. Print.
APA
Fogell, D. J., Groombridge, J. J., Tollington, S., Canessa, S., Henshaw, S., Zuel, N., Jones, C. G., et al. (2019). Hygiene and biosecurity protocols reduce infection prevalence but do not improve fledging success in an endangered parrot. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 9.
Chicago author-date
Fogell, Deborah J, Jim J Groombridge, Simon Tollington, Stefano Canessa, Sion Henshaw, Nicolas Zuel, Carl G Jones, Andrew Greenwood, and John G Ewen. 2019. “Hygiene and Biosecurity Protocols Reduce Infection Prevalence but Do Not Improve Fledging Success in an Endangered Parrot.” Scientific Reports 9.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Fogell, Deborah J, Jim J Groombridge, Simon Tollington, Stefano Canessa, Sion Henshaw, Nicolas Zuel, Carl G Jones, Andrew Greenwood, and John G Ewen. 2019. “Hygiene and Biosecurity Protocols Reduce Infection Prevalence but Do Not Improve Fledging Success in an Endangered Parrot.” Scientific Reports 9.
Vancouver
1.
Fogell DJ, Groombridge JJ, Tollington S, Canessa S, Henshaw S, Zuel N, et al. Hygiene and biosecurity protocols reduce infection prevalence but do not improve fledging success in an endangered parrot. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. 2019;9.
IEEE
[1]
D. J. Fogell et al., “Hygiene and biosecurity protocols reduce infection prevalence but do not improve fledging success in an endangered parrot,” SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, vol. 9, 2019.
@article{8610514,
  abstract     = {Emerging Infectious Diseases (EIDs) are recognised as global extinction drivers of threatened species. Unfortunately, biodiversity managers have few tested solutions to manage them when often the desperate need for solutions necessitates a response. Here we test in situ biosecurity protocols to assess the efficacy of managing Psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD), one of the most common and emergent viral diseases in wild parrots (Psittaciformes) that is currently affecting numerous threatened species globally. In response to an outbreak of PBFD in Mauritius "echo" parakeets (Psittacula eques), managers implemented a set of biosecurity protocols to limit transmission and impact of Beak and feather disease virus (BFDV). Here we used a reciprocal design experiment on the wild population to test whether BFDV management reduced viral prevalence and viral load, and improved nestling body condition and fledge success. Whilst management reduced the probability of nestling infection by approximately 11% there was no observed impact on BFDV load and nestling body condition. In contrast to expectations there was lower fledge success in nests with added BFDV biosecurity (83% in untreated vs. 79% in treated nests). Our results clearly illustrate that management for wildlife conservation should be critically evaluated through targeted monitoring and experimental manipulation, and this evaluation should always focus on the fundamental objective of conservation.},
  articleno    = {4779},
  author       = {Fogell, Deborah J and Groombridge, Jim J and Tollington, Simon and Canessa, Stefano and Henshaw, Sion and Zuel, Nicolas and Jones, Carl G and Greenwood, Andrew and Ewen, John G},
  issn         = {2045-2322},
  journal      = {SCIENTIFIC REPORTS},
  keywords     = {FEATHER DISEASE VIRUS,PSITTACINE BEAK,PORCINE CIRCOVIRUS,GENETIC,DIVERSITY,MANAGEMENT,WILD,CONSERVATION,BIODIVERSITY,DYNAMICS,THREATS},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {10},
  title        = {Hygiene and biosecurity protocols reduce infection prevalence but do not improve fledging success in an endangered parrot},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41323-w},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2019},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: