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Recent Asian origin of chytrid fungi causing global amphibian declines

(2018) SCIENCE. 360(6389). p.621-627
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Abstract
Globalized infectious diseases are causing species declines worldwide, but their source often remains elusive. We used whole-genome sequencing to solve the spatiotemporal origins of themost devastating panzootic to date, caused by the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, a proximate driver of global amphibian declines. We traced the source of B. dendrobatidis to the Korean peninsula, where one lineage, BdASIA-1, exhibits the genetic hallmarks of an ancestral population that seeded the panzootic. We date the emergence of this pathogen to the early 20th century, coinciding with the global expansion of commercial trade in amphibians, and we show that intercontinental transmission is ongoing. Our findings point to East Asia as a geographic hotspot for B. dendrobatidis biodiversity and the original source of these lineages that now parasitize amphibians worldwide.
Keywords
BATRACHOCHYTRIUM-DENDROBATIDIS, INTERNATIONAL-TRADE, CHYTRIDIOMYCOSIS, DYNAMICS, DISEASE, EXTINCTION, EMERGENCE, PATHOGENS, LINEAGES, HISTORY

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Chicago
O’Hanlon, Simon J, Adrien Rieux, Rhys A Farrer, Goncalo M Rosa, Bruce Waldman, Arnaud Bataille, Tiffany A Kosch, et al. 2018. “Recent Asian Origin of Chytrid Fungi Causing Global Amphibian Declines.” Science 360 (6389): 621–627.
APA
O’Hanlon, S. J., Rieux, A., Farrer, R. A., Rosa, G. M., Waldman, B., Bataille, A., Kosch, T. A., et al. (2018). Recent Asian origin of chytrid fungi causing global amphibian declines. SCIENCE, 360(6389), 621–627.
Vancouver
1.
O’Hanlon SJ, Rieux A, Farrer RA, Rosa GM, Waldman B, Bataille A, et al. Recent Asian origin of chytrid fungi causing global amphibian declines. SCIENCE. 2018;360(6389):621–7.
MLA
O’Hanlon, Simon J et al. “Recent Asian Origin of Chytrid Fungi Causing Global Amphibian Declines.” SCIENCE 360.6389 (2018): 621–627. Print.
@article{8610492,
  abstract     = {Globalized infectious diseases are causing species declines worldwide, but their source often remains elusive. We used whole-genome sequencing to solve the spatiotemporal origins of themost devastating panzootic to date, caused by the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, a proximate driver of global amphibian declines. We traced the source of B. dendrobatidis to the Korean peninsula, where one lineage, BdASIA-1, exhibits the genetic hallmarks of an ancestral population that seeded the panzootic. We date the emergence of this pathogen to the early 20th century, coinciding with the global expansion of commercial trade in amphibians, and we show that intercontinental transmission is ongoing. Our findings point to East Asia as a geographic hotspot for B. dendrobatidis biodiversity and the original source of these lineages that now parasitize amphibians worldwide.},
  author       = {O'Hanlon, Simon J and Rieux, Adrien and Farrer, Rhys A and Rosa, Goncalo M and Waldman, Bruce and Bataille, Arnaud and Kosch, Tiffany A and Murray, Kris A and Brankovics, Balazs and Fumagalli, Matteo and Martin, Michael D and Wales, Nathan and Alvarado-Rybak, Mario and Bates, Kieran A and Berger, Lee and Boell, Susanne and Brookes, Lola and Clare, Frances and Courtois, Elodie A and Cunningham, Andrew A and Doherty-Bone, Thomas M and Ghosh, Pria and Gower, David J and Hintz, William E and Hoglund, Jacob and Jenkinson, Thomas S and Lin, Chun-Fu and Laurila, Anssi and Loyau, Adeline and Martel, An and Meurling, Sara and Miaud, Claude and Minting, Pete and Pasmans, Frank and Schmeller, Dirk S and Schmidt, Benedikt R and Shelton, Jennifer MG and Skerratt, Lee F and Smith, Freya and Soto-Azat, Claudio and Spagnoletti, Matteo and Tessa, Giulia and Toledo, Luis Felipe and Valenzuela-Sanchez, Andres and Verster, Ruhan and Voros, Judit and Webb, Rebecca J and Wierzbicki, Claudia and Wombwell, Emma and Zamudio, Kelly R and Aanensen, David M and James, Timothy Y and Gilbert, M Thomas P and Weldon, Che and Bosch, Jaime and Balloux, Francois and Garner, Trenton WJ and Fisher, Matthew C},
  issn         = {0036-8075},
  journal      = {SCIENCE},
  keywords     = {BATRACHOCHYTRIUM-DENDROBATIDIS,INTERNATIONAL-TRADE,CHYTRIDIOMYCOSIS,DYNAMICS,DISEASE,EXTINCTION,EMERGENCE,PATHOGENS,LINEAGES,HISTORY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6389},
  pages        = {621--627},
  title        = {Recent Asian origin of chytrid fungi causing global amphibian declines},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aar1965},
  volume       = {360},
  year         = {2018},
}

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