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Cardiac arrhythmias in horses

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Abstract
Arrhythmias are common in horses. Sinus arrhythmia and first- and second-degree atrioventricular block are frequently found physiologic arrhythmias, but should immediately disappear after stress or exercise. Atrial premature depolarizations are usually not associated with poor performance, but are a potential trigger for atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation results in an abnormal ventricular response during exercise and poses a risk for collapse in some horses. This arrhythmia can usually be treated by quinidine sulfate or transvenous electrical cardioversion. Ventricular premature depolarizations, especially when associated with structural heart disease, may be a risk factor for ventricular tachycardia or even ventricular fibrillation.
Keywords
Arrhythmia, Diagnosis, Treatment, Atrial fibrillation, Premature depolarizations, TRANSVENOUS-ELECTRICAL-CARDIOVERSION, INTRAVENOUS AMIODARONE TREATMENT, INDUCED ATRIAL-FIBRILLATION, HEART-RATE, TACHYCARDIA, FLECAINIDE

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
van Loon, Gunther. 2019. “Cardiac Arrhythmias in Horses.” Veterinary Clinics of North America-equine Practice 35 (1): 85–102.
APA
van Loon, G. (2019). Cardiac arrhythmias in horses. VETERINARY CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA-EQUINE PRACTICE, 35(1), 85–102.
Vancouver
1.
van Loon G. Cardiac arrhythmias in horses. VETERINARY CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA-EQUINE PRACTICE. 2019;35(1):85–102.
MLA
van Loon, Gunther. “Cardiac Arrhythmias in Horses.” VETERINARY CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA-EQUINE PRACTICE 35.1 (2019): 85–102. Print.
@article{8609943,
  abstract     = {Arrhythmias are common in horses. Sinus arrhythmia and first- and second-degree atrioventricular block are frequently found physiologic arrhythmias, but should immediately disappear after stress or exercise. Atrial premature depolarizations are usually not associated with poor performance, but are a potential trigger for atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation results in an abnormal ventricular response during exercise and poses a risk for collapse in some horses. This arrhythmia can usually be treated by quinidine sulfate or transvenous electrical cardioversion. Ventricular premature depolarizations, especially when associated with structural heart disease, may be a risk factor for ventricular tachycardia or even ventricular fibrillation.},
  author       = {van Loon, Gunther},
  issn         = {0749-0739},
  journal      = {VETERINARY CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA-EQUINE PRACTICE},
  keywords     = {Arrhythmia,Diagnosis,Treatment,Atrial fibrillation,Premature depolarizations,TRANSVENOUS-ELECTRICAL-CARDIOVERSION,INTRAVENOUS AMIODARONE TREATMENT,INDUCED ATRIAL-FIBRILLATION,HEART-RATE,TACHYCARDIA,FLECAINIDE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {85--102},
  title        = {Cardiac arrhythmias in horses},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/J.CVEQ.2018.12.004},
  volume       = {35},
  year         = {2019},
}

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