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About the distinction between working memory and short-term memory

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Abstract
The theoretical concepts short-term memory (STM) and working memory (WM) have been used to refer to the maintenance and the maintenance plus manipulation of information, respectively. Although they are conceptually different, the use of the terms STM and WM in literature is not always strict. STM and WM are different theoretical concepts that are assumed to reflect different cognitive functions. However, correlational studies have not been able to separate both constructs consistently and there is evidence for a large or even complete overlap. The emerging view from neurobiological studies is partly different, although there are conceptual problems troubling the interpretation of findings. In this regard, there is a crucial role for the tasks that are used to measure STM or WM (simple and complex span tasks, respectively) and for the cognitive load reflected by factors like attention and processing speed that may covary between and within these tasks. These conceptual issues are discussed based on several abstract models for the relation between STM and WM.
Keywords
INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, GENERAL INTELLIGENCE, POSTERIOR PARIETAL, FLUID, INTELLIGENCE, PREFRONTAL CORTEX, COMPLEX SPAN, LONG-TERM, CAPACITY, MAINTENANCE, MANIPULATION, working memory, short-term memory, complex span, simple span, attention, cognitive load

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Aben, Bart, Sven Stapert, and Arjan Blokland. 2012. “About the Distinction Between Working Memory and Short-term Memory.” Frontiers in Psychology 3.
APA
Aben, B., Stapert, S., & Blokland, A. (2012). About the distinction between working memory and short-term memory. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 3.
Vancouver
1.
Aben B, Stapert S, Blokland A. About the distinction between working memory and short-term memory. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY. Lausanne: Frontiers Media Sa; 2012;3.
MLA
Aben, Bart, Sven Stapert, and Arjan Blokland. “About the Distinction Between Working Memory and Short-term Memory.” FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 3 (2012): n. pag. Print.
@article{8609844,
  abstract     = {The theoretical concepts short-term memory (STM) and working memory (WM) have been used to refer to the maintenance and the maintenance plus manipulation of information, respectively. Although they are conceptually different, the use of the terms STM and WM in literature is not always strict. STM and WM are different theoretical concepts that are assumed to reflect different cognitive functions. However, correlational studies have not been able to separate both constructs consistently and there is evidence for a large or even complete overlap. The emerging view from neurobiological studies is partly different, although there are conceptual problems troubling the interpretation of findings. In this regard, there is a crucial role for the tasks that are used to measure STM or WM (simple and complex span tasks, respectively) and for the cognitive load reflected by factors like attention and processing speed that may covary between and within these tasks. These conceptual issues are discussed based on several abstract models for the relation between STM and WM.},
  articleno    = {301},
  author       = {Aben, Bart and Stapert, Sven and Blokland, Arjan},
  issn         = {1664-1078},
  journal      = {FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY},
  keywords     = {INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES,GENERAL INTELLIGENCE,POSTERIOR PARIETAL,FLUID,INTELLIGENCE,PREFRONTAL CORTEX,COMPLEX SPAN,LONG-TERM,CAPACITY,MAINTENANCE,MANIPULATION,working memory,short-term memory,complex span,simple span,attention,cognitive load},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {9},
  publisher    = {Frontiers Media Sa},
  title        = {About the distinction between working memory and short-term memory},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00301},
  volume       = {3},
  year         = {2012},
}

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