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Urban political machines and student politics in 'middle' Bangladesh : violent party labor in Rajshahi city

Julian Kuttig (UGent)
(2019) CRITICAL ASIAN STUDIES . 51(3). p.403-418
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Abstract
In response to the mostly Dhaka-centered research on student politics in Bangladesh, this article aims to understand political competition, the role of patronage networks, political organizations, violence, and student organizations in the provincial city of Rajshahi. The article explores how student politics in Bangladesh shapes (and is shaped by) the political dynamics in "middle Bangladesh." Student groups in Bangladesh are closely affiliated to political parties and serve as their most important source for mobilization in a party-political regime commonly referred to as a "partyarchy." Campus politics is deeply integrated into the urban party-political machine in Rajshahi. Controlling Rajshahi University (RU) provides a steady flow of party workers for the local party machine. Thus, the RU campus is a space for organizing political (and violent) labor as well as an important source of revenue for and the distribution of benefits by local party bosses. The urban party machine, however, is not mechanically held together merely by the dispensation of inducements - instead, it is more chaotic and contingent on a form of strategic ambiguity that disguises the structuring effects of patronage power that keeps members motivated and engaged.
Keywords
Student politics, party politics, machine politics, Bangladesh, Rajshahi

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MLA
Kuttig, Julian. “Urban Political Machines and Student Politics in ‘Middle’ Bangladesh : Violent Party Labor in Rajshahi City.” CRITICAL ASIAN STUDIES 51.3 (2019): 403–418. Print.
APA
Kuttig, J. (2019). Urban political machines and student politics in “middle” Bangladesh : violent party labor in Rajshahi city. CRITICAL ASIAN STUDIES , 51(3), 403–418.
Chicago author-date
Kuttig, Julian. 2019. “Urban Political Machines and Student Politics in ‘Middle’ Bangladesh : Violent Party Labor in Rajshahi City.” Critical Asian Studies 51 (3): 403–418.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Kuttig, Julian. 2019. “Urban Political Machines and Student Politics in ‘Middle’ Bangladesh : Violent Party Labor in Rajshahi City.” Critical Asian Studies 51 (3): 403–418.
Vancouver
1.
Kuttig J. Urban political machines and student politics in “middle” Bangladesh : violent party labor in Rajshahi city. CRITICAL ASIAN STUDIES . Informa; 2019;51(3):403–18.
IEEE
[1]
J. Kuttig, “Urban political machines and student politics in ‘middle’ Bangladesh : violent party labor in Rajshahi city,” CRITICAL ASIAN STUDIES , vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 403–418, 2019.
@article{8609829,
  abstract     = {In response to the mostly Dhaka-centered research on student politics in Bangladesh, this article aims to understand political competition, the role of patronage networks, political organizations, violence, and student organizations in the provincial city of Rajshahi. The article explores how student politics in Bangladesh shapes (and is shaped by) the political dynamics in "middle Bangladesh." Student groups in Bangladesh are closely affiliated to political parties and serve as their most important source for mobilization in a party-political regime commonly referred to as a "partyarchy." Campus politics is deeply integrated into the urban party-political machine in Rajshahi. Controlling Rajshahi University (RU) provides a steady flow of party workers for the local party machine. Thus, the RU campus is a space for organizing political (and violent) labor as well as an important source of revenue for and the distribution of benefits by local party bosses. The urban party machine, however, is not mechanically held together merely by the dispensation of inducements - instead, it is more chaotic and contingent on a form of strategic ambiguity that disguises the structuring effects of patronage power that keeps members motivated and engaged.},
  author       = {Kuttig, Julian},
  issn         = {1467-2715},
  journal      = {CRITICAL ASIAN STUDIES },
  keywords     = {Student politics,party politics,machine politics,Bangladesh,Rajshahi},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {403--418},
  publisher    = {Informa},
  title        = {Urban political machines and student politics in 'middle' Bangladesh : violent party labor in Rajshahi city},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14672715.2019.1587712},
  volume       = {51},
  year         = {2019},
}

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