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NuSTEC White Paper: Status and challenges of neutrino-nucleus scattering

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Abstract
The precise measurement of neutrino properties is among the highest priorities in fundamental particle physics, involving many experiments worldwide. Since the experiments rely on the interactions of neutrinos with bound nucleons inside atomic nuclei, the planned advances in the scope and precision of these experiments require a commensurate effort in the understanding and modeling of the hadronic and nuclear physics of these interactions, which is incorporated as a nuclear model in neutrino event generators. This model is essential to every phase of experimental analyses and its theoretical uncertainties play an important role in interpreting every result. In this White Paper we discuss in detail the impact of neutrino-nucleus interactions, especially the nuclear effects, on the measurement of neutrino properties using the determination of oscillation parameters as a central example. After an Executive Summary and a concise Overview of the issues, we explain how the neutrino event generators work, what can be learned from electron-nucleus interactions and how each underlying physics process - from quasi-elastic to deep inelastic scattering - is understood today. We then emphasize how our understanding must improve to meet the demands of future experiments. With every topic we find that the challenges can be met only with the active support and collaboration among specialists in strong interactions and electroweak physics that include theorists and experimentalists from both the nuclear and high energy physics communities. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords
CHARGED-CURRENT INTERACTIONS, COHERENT PION-PRODUCTION, INELASTIC, ELECTRON-SCATTERING, MESON-EXCHANGE CURRENTS, R=SIGMA-L/SIGMA-T, NNLO, QCD ANALYSIS, CROSS-SECTIONS, FORM-FACTORS, MUON-NEUTRINO, ELECTROMAGNETIC RESPONSE, Neutrino, Nucleus, Scattering, Nuclear, Model, Oscillations

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Chicago
Alvarez-Ruso, L., M. Sajjad Athar, M. B. Barbaro, D. Cherdack, M. E. Christy, P. Coloma, T. W. Donnelly, et al. 2018. “NuSTEC White Paper: Status and Challenges of Neutrino-nucleus Scattering.” Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics 100: 1–68.
APA
Alvarez-Ruso, L., Athar, M. S., Barbaro, M. B., Cherdack, D., Christy, M. E., Coloma, P., Donnelly, T. W., et al. (2018). NuSTEC White Paper: Status and challenges of neutrino-nucleus scattering. PROGRESS IN PARTICLE AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS, 100, 1–68.
Vancouver
1.
Alvarez-Ruso L, Athar MS, Barbaro MB, Cherdack D, Christy ME, Coloma P, et al. NuSTEC White Paper: Status and challenges of neutrino-nucleus scattering. PROGRESS IN PARTICLE AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Bv; 2018;100:1–68.
MLA
Alvarez-Ruso, L. et al. “NuSTEC White Paper: Status and Challenges of Neutrino-nucleus Scattering.” PROGRESS IN PARTICLE AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS 100 (2018): 1–68. Print.
@article{8609786,
  abstract     = {The precise measurement of neutrino properties is among the highest priorities in fundamental particle physics, involving many experiments worldwide. Since the experiments rely on the interactions of neutrinos with bound nucleons inside atomic nuclei, the planned advances in the scope and precision of these experiments require a commensurate effort in the understanding and modeling of the hadronic and nuclear physics of these interactions, which is incorporated as a nuclear model in neutrino event generators. This model is essential to every phase of experimental analyses and its theoretical uncertainties play an important role in interpreting every result. In this White Paper we discuss in detail the impact of neutrino-nucleus interactions, especially the nuclear effects, on the measurement of neutrino properties using the determination of oscillation parameters as a central example. After an Executive Summary and a concise Overview of the issues, we explain how the neutrino event generators work, what can be learned from electron-nucleus interactions and how each underlying physics process - from quasi-elastic to deep inelastic scattering - is understood today. We then emphasize how our understanding must improve to meet the demands of future experiments. With every topic we find that the challenges can be met only with the active support and collaboration among specialists in strong interactions and electroweak physics that include theorists and experimentalists from both the nuclear and high energy physics communities. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Alvarez-Ruso, L. and Athar, M. Sajjad and Barbaro, M. B. and Cherdack, D. and Christy, M. E. and Coloma, P. and Donnelly, T. W. and Dytman, S. and de Gouvea, A. and Hill, R. J. j and Huber, P. and Jachowicz, Natalie and Katori, T. and Kronfeld, A. S. and Mahn, K. and Martini, M. and Morfin, J. G. and Nieves, J. and Perdue, G. N. and Petti, R. and Richards, D. G. and Sanchez, F. and Sato, T. and Sobczyk, J. T. and Zeller, G. P.},
  issn         = {0146-6410},
  journal      = {PROGRESS IN PARTICLE AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS},
  keywords     = {CHARGED-CURRENT INTERACTIONS,COHERENT PION-PRODUCTION,INELASTIC,ELECTRON-SCATTERING,MESON-EXCHANGE CURRENTS,R=SIGMA-L/SIGMA-T,NNLO,QCD ANALYSIS,CROSS-SECTIONS,FORM-FACTORS,MUON-NEUTRINO,ELECTROMAGNETIC RESPONSE,Neutrino,Nucleus,Scattering,Nuclear,Model,Oscillations},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {1--68},
  publisher    = {Elsevier Science Bv},
  title        = {NuSTEC White Paper: Status and challenges of neutrino-nucleus scattering},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ppnp.2018.01.006},
  volume       = {100},
  year         = {2018},
}

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