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Forest fragmentation modulates effects of tree species richness and composition on ecosystem multifunctionality

(2019) ECOLOGY. 100(4).
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Abstract
Forest fragments in highly disturbed landscapes provide important ecosystem services ranging from acting as biodiversity reservoir to providing timber or regulating hydrology. Managing the tree species richness and composition of these fragments to optimize their functioning and the deliverance of multiple ecosystem services is of great practical relevance. However, both the strength and direction of tree species richness and tree species composition effects on forest ecosystem multifunctionality may depend on the landscape context in which these forest remnants are embedded. Taking advantage of an observatory network of 53 temperate forest plots varying in tree species richness, tree species composition, and fragmentation intensity we measured 24 ecosystem functions spanning multiple trophic levels and analyzed how tree species diversity-multifunctionality relationships changed with fragmentation intensity. Our results show that fragmentation generally increases multifunctionality and strengthens its positive relationship with diversity, possibly due to edge effects. In addition, different tree species combinations optimize functioning under different fragmentation levels. We conclude that management and restoration of forest fragments aimed at maximizing ecosystem multifunctionality should be tailored to the specific landscape context. As forest fragmentation will continue, tree diversity will become increasingly important to maintain forest functioning.
Keywords
arthropods, birds, landscape, pathogens, soil, understory, HABITAT FRAGMENTATION, BIODIVERSITY, DIVERSITY, RESPONSES, IDENTITY, DEPEND

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Hertzog, Lionel et al. “Forest Fragmentation Modulates Effects of Tree Species Richness and Composition on Ecosystem Multifunctionality.” ECOLOGY 100.4 (2019): n. pag. Print.
APA
Hertzog, L., Boonyarittichaikij, R., Dekeukeleire, D., De Groote, S., van Schrojenstein Lantman, I., Sercu, B., Smith, H. K., et al. (2019). Forest fragmentation modulates effects of tree species richness and composition on ecosystem multifunctionality. ECOLOGY, 100(4).
Chicago author-date
Hertzog, Lionel, Roschong Boonyarittichaikij, Daan Dekeukeleire, Stefanie De Groote, Irene van Schrojenstein Lantman, Bram Sercu, Hannah Keely Smith, et al. 2019. “Forest Fragmentation Modulates Effects of Tree Species Richness and Composition on Ecosystem Multifunctionality.” Ecology 100 (4).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Hertzog, Lionel, Roschong Boonyarittichaikij, Daan Dekeukeleire, Stefanie De Groote, Irene van Schrojenstein Lantman, Bram Sercu, Hannah Keely Smith, Eduardo de la Pena, Martijn L. Vandegehuchte, Dries Bonte, An Martel, Kris Verheyen, Luc Lens, and Lander Baeten. 2019. “Forest Fragmentation Modulates Effects of Tree Species Richness and Composition on Ecosystem Multifunctionality.” Ecology 100 (4).
Vancouver
1.
Hertzog L, Boonyarittichaikij R, Dekeukeleire D, De Groote S, van Schrojenstein Lantman I, Sercu B, et al. Forest fragmentation modulates effects of tree species richness and composition on ecosystem multifunctionality. ECOLOGY. 2019;100(4).
IEEE
[1]
L. Hertzog et al., “Forest fragmentation modulates effects of tree species richness and composition on ecosystem multifunctionality,” ECOLOGY, vol. 100, no. 4, 2019.
@article{8608197,
  abstract     = {Forest fragments in highly disturbed landscapes provide important ecosystem services ranging from acting as biodiversity reservoir to providing timber or regulating hydrology. Managing the tree species richness and composition of these fragments to optimize their functioning and the deliverance of multiple ecosystem services is of great practical relevance. However, both the strength and direction of tree species richness and tree species composition effects on forest ecosystem multifunctionality may depend on the landscape context in which these forest remnants are embedded. Taking advantage of an observatory network of 53 temperate forest plots varying in tree species richness, tree species composition, and fragmentation intensity we measured 24 ecosystem functions spanning multiple trophic levels and analyzed how tree species diversity-multifunctionality relationships changed with fragmentation intensity. Our results show that fragmentation generally increases multifunctionality and strengthens its positive relationship with diversity, possibly due to edge effects. In addition, different tree species combinations optimize functioning under different fragmentation levels. We conclude that management and restoration of forest fragments aimed at maximizing ecosystem multifunctionality should be tailored to the specific landscape context. As forest fragmentation will continue, tree diversity will become increasingly important to maintain forest functioning.},
  articleno    = {e02653},
  author       = {Hertzog, Lionel and Boonyarittichaikij, Roschong and Dekeukeleire, Daan and De Groote, Stefanie and van Schrojenstein Lantman, Irene and Sercu, Bram and Smith, Hannah Keely and de la Pena, Eduardo and Vandegehuchte, Martijn L. and Bonte, Dries and Martel, An and Verheyen, Kris and Lens, Luc and Baeten, Lander},
  issn         = {0012-9658},
  journal      = {ECOLOGY},
  keywords     = {arthropods,birds,landscape,pathogens,soil,understory,HABITAT FRAGMENTATION,BIODIVERSITY,DIVERSITY,RESPONSES,IDENTITY,DEPEND},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {9},
  title        = {Forest fragmentation modulates effects of tree species richness and composition on ecosystem multifunctionality},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2653},
  volume       = {100},
  year         = {2019},
}

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