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Attachment and depressive symptoms in middle childhood : the moderating role of skin conductance level variability

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Abstract
The current study investigated whether biological sensitivity to emotional information moderates the link between attachment anxiety/avoidance and depressive symptoms. Sixty children (9-12 years old) completed questionnaires on attachment and depressive symptoms. Skin conductance level (SCL) was measured across three conditions: an emotionally neutral baseline condition, a negative mood induction condition, and a positive mood induction condition. SCL variability (SCLV) was calculated as the intraindividual variation across these conditions expressing the extent to which children are biologically sensitive to positive and negative emotional information. Results showed that SCLV moderated the association between depressive symptoms and attachment anxiety. Attachment anxiety was only linked with depressive symptoms when children showed more SCLV, suggesting that attachment anxiety is only a risk factor for children who are biologically sensitive to respond to emotional information. SCLV did not moderate the association between depressive symptoms and attachment avoidance. Instead, a significant correlation was found between attachment avoidance and SCLV, which replicated previous research and might be caused by more avoidantly attached children's unsuccessful attempts to suppress emotional reactions.
Keywords
Attachment, depressive symptoms, middle childhood, moderation, skin conductance, DIFFERENTIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY, EMOTION REGULATION, INTERNALIZING SYMPTOMS, TEMPERAMENT, ADOLESCENCE, VULNERABILITY, STRATEGIES, REACTIVITY, DISORDERS, CHILDREN

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MLA
Bosmans, Guy, et al. “Attachment and Depressive Symptoms in Middle Childhood : The Moderating Role of Skin Conductance Level Variability.” JOURNAL OF SOCIAL AND PERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS, vol. 33, no. 8, 2016, pp. 1135–48.
APA
Bosmans, G., Poiana, N., Van Leeuwen, K., Dujardin, A., De Winter, S., Finet, C., … Van De Walle, M. (2016). Attachment and depressive symptoms in middle childhood : the moderating role of skin conductance level variability. JOURNAL OF SOCIAL AND PERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS, 33(8), 1135–1148.
Chicago author-date
Bosmans, Guy, Nicoleta Poiana, Karla Van Leeuwen, Adinda Dujardin, Simon De Winter, Chloë Finet, Joke Heylen, and Magali Van De Walle. 2016. “Attachment and Depressive Symptoms in Middle Childhood : The Moderating Role of Skin Conductance Level Variability.” JOURNAL OF SOCIAL AND PERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS 33 (8): 1135–48.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Bosmans, Guy, Nicoleta Poiana, Karla Van Leeuwen, Adinda Dujardin, Simon De Winter, Chloë Finet, Joke Heylen, and Magali Van De Walle. 2016. “Attachment and Depressive Symptoms in Middle Childhood : The Moderating Role of Skin Conductance Level Variability.” JOURNAL OF SOCIAL AND PERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS 33 (8): 1135–1148.
Vancouver
1.
Bosmans G, Poiana N, Van Leeuwen K, Dujardin A, De Winter S, Finet C, et al. Attachment and depressive symptoms in middle childhood : the moderating role of skin conductance level variability. JOURNAL OF SOCIAL AND PERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS. 2016;33(8):1135–48.
IEEE
[1]
G. Bosmans et al., “Attachment and depressive symptoms in middle childhood : the moderating role of skin conductance level variability,” JOURNAL OF SOCIAL AND PERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS, vol. 33, no. 8, pp. 1135–1148, 2016.
@article{8606298,
  abstract     = {The current study investigated whether biological sensitivity to emotional information moderates the link between attachment anxiety/avoidance and depressive symptoms. Sixty children (9-12 years old) completed questionnaires on attachment and depressive symptoms. Skin conductance level (SCL) was measured across three conditions: an emotionally neutral baseline condition, a negative mood induction condition, and a positive mood induction condition. SCL variability (SCLV) was calculated as the intraindividual variation across these conditions expressing the extent to which children are biologically sensitive to positive and negative emotional information. Results showed that SCLV moderated the association between depressive symptoms and attachment anxiety. Attachment anxiety was only linked with depressive symptoms when children showed more SCLV, suggesting that attachment anxiety is only a risk factor for children who are biologically sensitive to respond to emotional information. SCLV did not moderate the association between depressive symptoms and attachment avoidance. Instead, a significant correlation was found between attachment avoidance and SCLV, which replicated previous research and might be caused by more avoidantly attached children's unsuccessful attempts to suppress emotional reactions.},
  author       = {Bosmans, Guy and Poiana, Nicoleta and Van Leeuwen, Karla and Dujardin, Adinda and De Winter, Simon and Finet, Chloë and Heylen, Joke and Van De Walle, Magali},
  issn         = {0265-4075},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF SOCIAL AND PERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS},
  keywords     = {Attachment,depressive symptoms,middle childhood,moderation,skin conductance,DIFFERENTIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY,EMOTION REGULATION,INTERNALIZING SYMPTOMS,TEMPERAMENT,ADOLESCENCE,VULNERABILITY,STRATEGIES,REACTIVITY,DISORDERS,CHILDREN},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {1135--1148},
  title        = {Attachment and depressive symptoms in middle childhood : the moderating role of skin conductance level variability},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0265407515618278},
  volume       = {33},
  year         = {2016},
}

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