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III-V/silicon photonic integrated circuits for spectroscopic sensing in the 2 mu m wavelength range (invited paper)

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Center for nano- and biophotonics (NB-Photonics)
Abstract
III-V/silicon photonic integrated circuits (ICs) promise to enable low cost and miniature optical sensors for trace-gas detection, bio-sensing and environmental monitoring. A lot of these applications can benefit from the availability of photonic ICs beyond the telecommunication wavelength range. The 2 mu m wavelength range is of interest for spectroscopic detection of many important gases and blood constituents. In this contribution we will present 2 mu m-wavelength-range III-V/silicon photonic ICs consisting of tunable laser sources, photodetectors and silicon waveguide circuits. Silicon waveguides with a loss of similar to 0.5 dB/cm are obtained in a well-established silicon photonics platform. Based on the waveguides, low insertion loss (2-3 dB) and low crosstalk (25-30 dB) arrayed waveguide gratings (AWGs) are realized for the 2.3 mu m wavelength range. Active opto-electronic components are integrated on the photonic IC by the heterogeneous integration of an InP-based type-II epitaxial layer stack on silicon. III-V-on-silicon 2.3 mu m range distributed feedback (DFB) lasers can operate up to 25 degrees C in continuous-wave regime and shows an output power of 3 mW. By varying the silicon grating pitch, a DFB laser array with broad wavelength coverage from 2.28 mu m to 2.43 mu m is achieved. III-V-on-silicon photodetectors with the same epitaxial layer stack exhibit a responsivity of 1.6 A/W near 2.35 mu m. In addition, we also report a 2 mu m range GaSb/silicon hybrid external cavity laser using a silicon photonic IC for wavelength selective feedback. A wavelength tuning over 58 nm and side mode suppression ratio better than 60 dB is demonstrated.
Keywords
SILICON, Silicon Photonics, Mid-Infrared, photodetector, arrayed waveguide, grating, spectroscopic sensing

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Wang, Ruijun et al. “III-V/silicon Photonic Integrated Circuits for Spectroscopic Sensing in the 2 Mu m Wavelength Range (invited Paper).” Smart Photonic and Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits Xx. Vol. 10536. Bellingham: SPIE, 2018. Print.
APA
Wang, R., Muneeb, M., Vasiliev, A., Malik, A., Sprengel, S., Boehm, G., Simonyte, I., et al. (2018). III-V/silicon photonic integrated circuits for spectroscopic sensing in the 2 mu m wavelength range (invited paper). SMART PHOTONIC AND OPTOELECTRONIC INTEGRATED CIRCUITS XX (Vol. 10536). Presented at the Conference on Smart Photonic and Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits XX, Bellingham: SPIE.
Chicago author-date
Wang, Ruijun, Muhammad Muneeb, Anton Vasiliev, Aditya Malik, Stephan Sprengel, Gerhard Boehm, Ieva Simonyte, et al. 2018. “III-V/silicon Photonic Integrated Circuits for Spectroscopic Sensing in the 2 Mu m Wavelength Range (invited Paper).” In Smart Photonic and Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits Xx. Vol. 10536. Bellingham: SPIE.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Wang, Ruijun, Muhammad Muneeb, Anton Vasiliev, Aditya Malik, Stephan Sprengel, Gerhard Boehm, Ieva Simonyte, Augustinas Vizbaras, Kristijonas Vizbaras, Roel Baets, Markus-Christian Amann, and Günther Roelkens. 2018. “III-V/silicon Photonic Integrated Circuits for Spectroscopic Sensing in the 2 Mu m Wavelength Range (invited Paper).” In Smart Photonic and Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits Xx. Vol. 10536. Bellingham: SPIE.
Vancouver
1.
Wang R, Muneeb M, Vasiliev A, Malik A, Sprengel S, Boehm G, et al. III-V/silicon photonic integrated circuits for spectroscopic sensing in the 2 mu m wavelength range (invited paper). SMART PHOTONIC AND OPTOELECTRONIC INTEGRATED CIRCUITS XX. Bellingham: SPIE; 2018.
IEEE
[1]
R. Wang et al., “III-V/silicon photonic integrated circuits for spectroscopic sensing in the 2 mu m wavelength range (invited paper),” in SMART PHOTONIC AND OPTOELECTRONIC INTEGRATED CIRCUITS XX, San Francisco, CA, 2018, vol. 10536.
@inproceedings{8606059,
  abstract     = {III-V/silicon photonic integrated circuits (ICs) promise to enable low cost and miniature optical sensors for trace-gas detection, bio-sensing and environmental monitoring. A lot of these applications can benefit from the availability of photonic ICs beyond the telecommunication wavelength range. The 2 mu m wavelength range is of interest for spectroscopic detection of many important gases and blood constituents. In this contribution we will present 2 mu m-wavelength-range III-V/silicon photonic ICs consisting of tunable laser sources, photodetectors and silicon waveguide circuits. Silicon waveguides with a loss of similar to 0.5 dB/cm are obtained in a well-established silicon photonics platform. Based on the waveguides, low insertion loss (2-3 dB) and low crosstalk (25-30 dB) arrayed waveguide gratings (AWGs) are realized for the 2.3 mu m wavelength range. Active opto-electronic components are integrated on the photonic IC by the heterogeneous integration of an InP-based type-II epitaxial layer stack on silicon. III-V-on-silicon 2.3 mu m range distributed feedback (DFB) lasers can operate up to 25 degrees C in continuous-wave regime and shows an output power of 3 mW. By varying the silicon grating pitch, a DFB laser array with broad wavelength coverage from 2.28 mu m to 2.43 mu m is achieved. III-V-on-silicon photodetectors with the same epitaxial layer stack exhibit a responsivity of 1.6 A/W near 2.35 mu m. In addition, we also report a 2 mu m range GaSb/silicon hybrid external cavity laser using a silicon photonic IC for wavelength selective feedback. A wavelength tuning over 58 nm and side mode suppression ratio better than 60 dB is demonstrated.},
  articleno    = {UNSP 1053603},
  author       = {Wang, Ruijun and Muneeb, Muhammad and Vasiliev, Anton and Malik, Aditya and Sprengel, Stephan and Boehm, Gerhard and Simonyte, Ieva and Vizbaras, Augustinas and Vizbaras, Kristijonas and Baets, Roel and Amann, Markus-Christian and Roelkens, Günther},
  booktitle    = {SMART PHOTONIC AND OPTOELECTRONIC INTEGRATED CIRCUITS XX},
  isbn         = {9781510615588},
  issn         = {0277-786X},
  keywords     = {SILICON,Silicon Photonics,Mid-Infrared,photodetector,arrayed waveguide,grating,spectroscopic sensing},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {San Francisco, CA},
  pages        = {7},
  publisher    = {SPIE},
  title        = {III-V/silicon photonic integrated circuits for spectroscopic sensing in the 2 mu m wavelength range (invited paper)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2287380},
  volume       = {10536},
  year         = {2018},
}

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