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Correlating process and product data to get an insight into translation difficulty

Bram Vanroy (UGent) , Orphée De Clercq (UGent) and Lieve Macken (UGent)
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Abstract
Research in the field of translation studies suggests that translation product features can indicate translation difficulty. In the current pilot study, we investigate three of these features, namely the number of errors made in a translation, word translation entropy, and degree of syntactic equivalence. We correlate these translation product features with translation process features that can be put together into three categories: duration, revision, and gaze information. These features serve as a proxy for the cognitive effort required to solve difficulties in translation. The data that we used was gathered from professional translators as well as students of translation studies. The product data contains manual error annotations of the translations, automatically calculated entropy values, and syntactic re-ordering metrics. The process data are derived from keystroke and eye-tracking data gathered during the translation process. By correlating product and process data, we inspect how translation difficulty is reflected in the translation process and whether it is feasible to use product features to predict difficulties in translation. In addition, we also compare data of professional translators and students. We will show that correlations between process and product features exist, which opens many doors to further research on translatability.
Keywords
translation studies, translation difficulty, user activity data, eye tracking, keystroke logging, lt3

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Chicago
Vanroy, Bram, Orphée De Clercq, and Lieve Macken. 2019. “Correlating Process and Product Data to Get an Insight into Translation Difficulty.” Perspectives-studies in Translation Theory and Practice.
APA
Vanroy, B., De Clercq, O., & Macken, L. (2019). Correlating process and product data to get an insight into translation difficulty. PERSPECTIVES-STUDIES IN TRANSLATION THEORY AND PRACTICE.
Vancouver
1.
Vanroy B, De Clercq O, Macken L. Correlating process and product data to get an insight into translation difficulty. PERSPECTIVES-STUDIES IN TRANSLATION THEORY AND PRACTICE. Taylord and Francis; 2019;
MLA
Vanroy, Bram, Orphée De Clercq, and Lieve Macken. “Correlating Process and Product Data to Get an Insight into Translation Difficulty.” PERSPECTIVES-STUDIES IN TRANSLATION THEORY AND PRACTICE (2019): n. pag. Print.
@article{8605747,
  abstract     = {Research in the field of translation studies suggests that translation product features can indicate translation difficulty. In the current pilot study, we investigate three of these features, namely the number of errors made in a translation, word translation entropy, and degree of syntactic equivalence. We correlate these translation product features with translation process features that can be put together into three categories: duration, revision, and gaze information. These features serve as a proxy for the cognitive effort required to solve difficulties in translation. The data that we used was gathered from professional translators as well as students of translation studies. The product data contains manual error annotations of the translations, automatically calculated entropy values, and syntactic re-ordering metrics. The process data are derived from keystroke and eye-tracking data gathered during the translation process. By correlating product and process data, we inspect how translation difficulty is reflected in the translation process and whether it is feasible to use product features to predict difficulties in translation. In addition, we also compare data of professional translators and students. We will show that correlations between process and product features exist, which opens many doors to further research on translatability.},
  author       = {Vanroy, Bram and De Clercq, Orphée and Macken, Lieve},
  issn         = {0907-676X },
  journal      = {PERSPECTIVES-STUDIES IN TRANSLATION THEORY AND PRACTICE},
  keywords     = {translation studies,translation difficulty,user activity data,eye tracking,keystroke logging,lt3},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Taylord and Francis},
  title        = {Correlating process and product data to get an insight into translation difficulty},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0907676X.2019.1594319},
  year         = {2019},
}

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