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Association of alcohol consumption with allergic disease and asthma : a multi-centre Mendelian randomization analysis

(2019) ADDICTION. 114(2). p.216-225
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Abstract
Aims To use the rs1229984 variant associated with alcohol consumption as an instrument for alcohol consumption to test the causality of the association of alcohol consumption with hay fever, asthma, allergic sensitization and serum total immunoglobulin (Ig) E. Design Observational and Mendelian randomization analyses using genetic variants as unbiased markers of exposure to estimate causal effects, subject to certain assumptions. Setting Europe. Participants We included a total of 466 434 people aged 15-82 years from 17 population-based studies conducted from 1997 to 2015. Measurements The rs1229984 (ADH1B) was genotyped; alcohol consumption, hay fever and asthma were selfreported. Specific and total IgE were measured from serum samples. Findings Observational analyses showed that ever-drinking versus non-drinking, but not amount of alcohol intake, was positively associatedwith hay fever and inversely associated with asthma but not with allergic sensitization or serum total immunoglobulin (Ig) E. However, Mendelian randomization analyses did not suggest that the observational associations are causal. The causal odds ratio (OR) per genetically assessed unit of alcohol/week was an OR = 0.907 [ 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.806, 1.019; P = 0.101] for hay fever, an OR = 0.897 (95% CI = 0.790, 1.019; P = 0.095) for asthma, an OR = 0.971 (95% CI = 0.804, 1.174; P = 0.763) for allergic sensitization and a 4.7% change (95% CI = -5.5%, 14.9%; P = 0.366) for total IgE. Conclusions In observational analyses, ever-drinking versus not drinking was positively associated with hay fever and negatively associated with asthma. However, the Mendelian randomization results were not consistent with these associations being causal.
Keywords
IMMUNOGLOBULIN-E LEVELS, TOTAL SERUM IGE, COHORT PROFILE, LUNG-FUNCTION, SENSITIZATION, RISK, ETHANOL, HEALTH, DETERMINANTS, OBJECTIVES, Alcohol, allergic disease, allergic sensitization, asthma, hay fever, mendelian randomization

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Citation

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MLA
Skaaby, Tea et al. “Association of Alcohol Consumption with Allergic Disease and Asthma : a Multi-centre Mendelian Randomization Analysis.” ADDICTION 114.2 (2019): 216–225. Print.
APA
Skaaby, T., Kilpelainen, T. O., Taylor, A. E., Mahendran, Y., Wong, A., Ahluwalia, T. S., Paternoster, L., et al. (2019). Association of alcohol consumption with allergic disease and asthma : a multi-centre Mendelian randomization analysis. ADDICTION, 114(2), 216–225.
Chicago author-date
Skaaby, Tea, Tuomas O. Kilpelainen, Amy E. Taylor, Yuvaraj Mahendran, Andrew Wong, Tarunveer S. Ahluwalia, Lavinia Paternoster, et al. 2019. “Association of Alcohol Consumption with Allergic Disease and Asthma : a Multi-centre Mendelian Randomization Analysis.” Addiction 114 (2): 216–225.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Skaaby, Tea, Tuomas O. Kilpelainen, Amy E. Taylor, Yuvaraj Mahendran, Andrew Wong, Tarunveer S. Ahluwalia, Lavinia Paternoster, Stella Trompet, David J. Stott, Claudia Flexeder, Ang Zhou, Guy Brusselle, Ayesha Sajjad, Lies Lahousse, Henning Tiemeier, Christian Theil Have, Betina H. Thuesen, Line Lund Karhus, Line Tang Mollehave, Katja Biering Leth-Moller, Daniel Monsted Shabanzadeh, Arturo Gonzalez-Quintela, Chris Power, Elina Hypponen, Diana Kuh, Rebecca Hardy, Thomas Meitinger, J. Wouter Jukema, Uwe Voelker, Matthias Nauck, Henry Volzke, Nele Friedrich, Tobias N. Bonten, Raymond Noordam, Dennis O. Mook-Kanamori, Janne S. Tolstrup, Christian Taube, Annette Peters, Harald Grallert, Konstantin Strauch, Holger Schulz, Niels Grarup, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen, Stephen Burgess, Marcus R. Munafo, and Allan Linneberg. 2019. “Association of Alcohol Consumption with Allergic Disease and Asthma : a Multi-centre Mendelian Randomization Analysis.” Addiction 114 (2): 216–225.
Vancouver
1.
Skaaby T, Kilpelainen TO, Taylor AE, Mahendran Y, Wong A, Ahluwalia TS, et al. Association of alcohol consumption with allergic disease and asthma : a multi-centre Mendelian randomization analysis. ADDICTION. Wiley; 2019;114(2):216–25.
IEEE
[1]
T. Skaaby et al., “Association of alcohol consumption with allergic disease and asthma : a multi-centre Mendelian randomization analysis,” ADDICTION, vol. 114, no. 2, pp. 216–225, 2019.
@article{8604570,
  abstract     = {Aims To use the rs1229984 variant associated with alcohol consumption as an instrument for alcohol consumption to test the causality of the association of alcohol consumption with hay fever, asthma, allergic sensitization and serum total immunoglobulin (Ig) E. Design Observational and Mendelian randomization analyses using genetic variants as unbiased markers of exposure to estimate causal effects, subject to certain assumptions. Setting Europe. Participants We included a total of 466 434 people aged 15-82 years from 17 population-based studies conducted from 1997 to 2015. Measurements The rs1229984 (ADH1B) was genotyped; alcohol consumption, hay fever and asthma were selfreported. Specific and total IgE were measured from serum samples. Findings Observational analyses showed that ever-drinking versus non-drinking, but not amount of alcohol intake, was positively associatedwith hay fever and inversely associated with asthma but not with allergic sensitization or serum total immunoglobulin (Ig) E. However, Mendelian randomization analyses did not suggest that the observational associations are causal. The causal odds ratio (OR) per genetically assessed unit of alcohol/week was an OR = 0.907 [ 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.806, 1.019; P = 0.101] for hay fever, an OR = 0.897 (95% CI = 0.790, 1.019; P = 0.095) for asthma, an OR = 0.971 (95% CI = 0.804, 1.174; P = 0.763) for allergic sensitization and a 4.7% change (95% CI = -5.5%, 14.9%; P = 0.366) for total IgE. Conclusions In observational analyses, ever-drinking versus not drinking was positively associated with hay fever and negatively associated with asthma. However, the Mendelian randomization results were not consistent with these associations being causal.},
  author       = {Skaaby, Tea and Kilpelainen, Tuomas O. and Taylor, Amy E. and Mahendran, Yuvaraj and Wong, Andrew and Ahluwalia, Tarunveer S. and Paternoster, Lavinia and Trompet, Stella and Stott, David J. and Flexeder, Claudia and Zhou, Ang and Brusselle, Guy and Sajjad, Ayesha and Lahousse, Lies and Tiemeier, Henning and Have, Christian Theil and Thuesen, Betina H. and Karhus, Line Lund and Mollehave, Line Tang and Leth-Moller, Katja Biering and Shabanzadeh, Daniel Monsted and Gonzalez-Quintela, Arturo and Power, Chris and Hypponen, Elina and Kuh, Diana and Hardy, Rebecca and Meitinger, Thomas and Jukema, J. Wouter and Voelker, Uwe and Nauck, Matthias and Volzke, Henry and Friedrich, Nele and Bonten, Tobias N. and Noordam, Raymond and Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O. and Tolstrup, Janne S. and Taube, Christian and Peters, Annette and Grallert, Harald and Strauch, Konstantin and Schulz, Holger and Grarup, Niels and Hansen, Torben and Pedersen, Oluf and Burgess, Stephen and Munafo, Marcus R. and Linneberg, Allan},
  issn         = {0965-2140},
  journal      = {ADDICTION},
  keywords     = {IMMUNOGLOBULIN-E LEVELS,TOTAL SERUM IGE,COHORT PROFILE,LUNG-FUNCTION,SENSITIZATION,RISK,ETHANOL,HEALTH,DETERMINANTS,OBJECTIVES,Alcohol,allergic disease,allergic sensitization,asthma,hay fever,mendelian randomization},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {216--225},
  publisher    = {Wiley},
  title        = {Association of alcohol consumption with allergic disease and asthma : a multi-centre Mendelian randomization analysis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14438},
  volume       = {114},
  year         = {2019},
}

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