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What do older people do when sitting and why? : implications for decreasing sedentary behavior

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Abstract
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sitting less can reduce older adults' risk of ill health and disability. Effective sedentary behavior interventions require greater understanding of what older adults do when sitting (and not sitting), and why. This study compares the types, context, and role of sitting activities in the daily lives of older men and women who sit more or less than average. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Semistructured interviews with 44 older men and women of different ages, socioeconomic status, and objectively measured sedentary behavior were analyzed using social practice theory to explore the multifactorial, inter-relational influences on their sedentary behavior. Thematic frameworks facilitated between-group comparisons. RESULTS: Older adults described many different leisure time, household, transport, and occupational sitting and non-sitting activities. Leisure-time sitting in the home (e.g., watching TV) was most common, but many non-sitting activities, including "pottering" doing household chores, also took place at home. Other people and access to leisure facilities were associated with lower sedentary behavior. The distinction between being busy/not busy was more important to most participants than sitting/not sitting, and informed their judgments about high-value "purposeful" (social, cognitively active, restorative) sitting and low-value "passive" sitting. Declining physical function contributed to temporal sitting patterns that did not vary much from day-to-day. DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Sitting is associated with cognitive, social, and/or restorative benefits, embedded within older adults' daily routines, and therefore difficult to change. Useful strategies include supporting older adults to engage with other people and local facilities outside the home, and break up periods of passive sitting at home.
Keywords
Qualitative, Social practice model, Ecological model, Intervention, Experiences

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Chicago
Palmer, Victoria J, Cindy M Gray, Claire F Fitzsimons, Nanette Mutrie, Sally Wyke, Ian J Deary, Geoff Der, Sebastien Chastin, and Dawn Skelton. 2019. “What Do Older People Do When Sitting and Why? : Implications for Decreasing Sedentary Behavior.” Gerontologist.
APA
Palmer, V. J., Gray, C. M., Fitzsimons, C. F., Mutrie, N., Wyke, S., Deary, I. J., Der, G., et al. (2019). What do older people do when sitting and why? : implications for decreasing sedentary behavior. GERONTOLOGIST.
Vancouver
1.
Palmer VJ, Gray CM, Fitzsimons CF, Mutrie N, Wyke S, Deary IJ, et al. What do older people do when sitting and why? : implications for decreasing sedentary behavior. GERONTOLOGIST. 2019;
MLA
Palmer, Victoria J et al. “What Do Older People Do When Sitting and Why? : Implications for Decreasing Sedentary Behavior.” GERONTOLOGIST (2019): n. pag. Print.
@article{8604382,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sitting less can reduce older adults' risk of ill health and disability. Effective sedentary behavior interventions require greater understanding of what older adults do when sitting (and not sitting), and why. This study compares the types, context, and role of sitting activities in the daily lives of older men and women who sit more or less than average.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Semistructured interviews with 44 older men and women of different ages, socioeconomic status, and objectively measured sedentary behavior were analyzed using social practice theory to explore the multifactorial, inter-relational influences on their sedentary behavior. Thematic frameworks facilitated between-group comparisons.
RESULTS: Older adults described many different leisure time, household, transport, and occupational sitting and non-sitting activities. Leisure-time sitting in the home (e.g., watching TV) was most common, but many non-sitting activities, including {\textacutedbl}pottering{\textacutedbl} doing household chores, also took place at home. Other people and access to leisure facilities were associated with lower sedentary behavior. The distinction between being busy/not busy was more important to most participants than sitting/not sitting, and informed their judgments about high-value {\textacutedbl}purposeful{\textacutedbl} (social, cognitively active, restorative) sitting and low-value {\textacutedbl}passive{\textacutedbl} sitting. Declining physical function contributed to temporal sitting patterns that did not vary much from day-to-day.
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Sitting is associated with cognitive, social, and/or restorative benefits, embedded within older adults' daily routines, and therefore difficult to change. Useful strategies include supporting older adults to engage with other people and local facilities outside the home, and break up periods of passive sitting at home.},
  author       = {Palmer, Victoria J and Gray, Cindy M and Fitzsimons, Claire F and Mutrie,  Nanette and Wyke, Sally and Deary, Ian J and Der, Geoff and Chastin, Sebastien and Skelton, Dawn },
  issn         = {0016-9013},
  journal      = {GERONTOLOGIST},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {What do older people do when sitting and why? : implications for decreasing sedentary behavior},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/geront/gny020},
  year         = {2019},
}

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