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All victims are equally innocent, but some are more innocent than others : the role of group membership on victim blaming

Jonas De keersmaecker (UGent) and Arne Roets (UGent)
(2020) CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY. 39(1). p.254-262
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Abstract
The present research aimed to deepen our insight into the role of group membership on victim blaming by incorporating the Belief in a Just World (BJW) theory in a system justification perspective. Study 1A (N = 220) and Study 1B (N = 127) supported the status of BJW as a system justification ideology. In particular, BJW was related to other well-known system justification ideologies (Right-Wing Authoritarianism and Social Dominance Orientation), and had similar antecedents (Need for Closure) and consequences (prejudice). Study 2 (N = 134) and Study 3 (N = 247) investigated the role of victims' in- versus out-group membership on victim blaming. The results showed that, despite the potential influence of prejudice but in line with the similarity hypothesis of Lerner and Miller (1978), ingroup victims were blamed slightly more than outgroup members, based on ethnicity or sexual orientation respectively.
Keywords
Victim blaming, Belief in a just world, System justification, Prejudice, SOCIAL-DOMINANCE ORIENTATION, SYSTEM JUSTIFICATION THEORY, WORLD, BELIEF, NEED, CLOSURE, RACISM, AUTHORITARIANISM, PERSONALITY, DISCRIMINATION

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MLA
De keersmaecker, Jonas, and Arne Roets. “All Victims Are Equally Innocent, but Some Are More Innocent than Others : The Role of Group Membership on Victim Blaming.” CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 39, no. 1, 2020, pp. 254–62, doi:10.1007/s12144-017-9763-9.
APA
De keersmaecker, J., & Roets, A. (2020). All victims are equally innocent, but some are more innocent than others : the role of group membership on victim blaming. CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY, 39(1), 254–262. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-017-9763-9
Chicago author-date
De keersmaecker, Jonas, and Arne Roets. 2020. “All Victims Are Equally Innocent, but Some Are More Innocent than Others : The Role of Group Membership on Victim Blaming.” CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY 39 (1): 254–62. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-017-9763-9.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De keersmaecker, Jonas, and Arne Roets. 2020. “All Victims Are Equally Innocent, but Some Are More Innocent than Others : The Role of Group Membership on Victim Blaming.” CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY 39 (1): 254–262. doi:10.1007/s12144-017-9763-9.
Vancouver
1.
De keersmaecker J, Roets A. All victims are equally innocent, but some are more innocent than others : the role of group membership on victim blaming. CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY. 2020;39(1):254–62.
IEEE
[1]
J. De keersmaecker and A. Roets, “All victims are equally innocent, but some are more innocent than others : the role of group membership on victim blaming,” CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 254–262, 2020.
@article{8601333,
  abstract     = {The present research aimed to deepen our insight into the role of group membership on victim blaming by incorporating the Belief in a Just World (BJW) theory in a system justification perspective. Study 1A (N = 220) and Study 1B (N = 127) supported the status of BJW as a system justification ideology. In particular, BJW was related to other well-known system justification ideologies (Right-Wing Authoritarianism and Social Dominance Orientation), and had similar antecedents (Need for Closure) and consequences (prejudice). Study 2 (N = 134) and Study 3 (N = 247) investigated the role of victims' in- versus out-group membership on victim blaming. The results showed that, despite the potential influence of prejudice but in line with the similarity hypothesis of Lerner and Miller (1978), ingroup victims were blamed slightly more than outgroup members, based on ethnicity or sexual orientation respectively.},
  author       = {De keersmaecker, Jonas and Roets, Arne},
  issn         = {1046-1310},
  journal      = {CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY},
  keywords     = {Victim blaming,Belief in a just world,System justification,Prejudice,SOCIAL-DOMINANCE ORIENTATION,SYSTEM JUSTIFICATION THEORY,WORLD,BELIEF,NEED,CLOSURE,RACISM,AUTHORITARIANISM,PERSONALITY,DISCRIMINATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {254--262},
  title        = {All victims are equally innocent, but some are more innocent than others : the role of group membership on victim blaming},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12144-017-9763-9},
  volume       = {39},
  year         = {2020},
}

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