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Medicinal potential, utilization and domestication status of bitter kola (Garcinia kola Heckel) in West and Central Africa

(2019) FORESTS. 10(2).
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Abstract
Garcinia kola Heckel (Clusiaceae), known as bitter kola, is a multipurpose tree indigenous to West and Central Africa. This highly preferred species is called wonder plant because all of its parts can be used as medicine. Its seeds, the most valued product of the tree, are commonly eaten to prevent/cure gastric disorders and for their typical astringent taste. There is a vast evidence that bioactive components of the seeds can serve as alternative medicine to treat/prevent severe illnesses such as malaria, hepatitis and immune-destructive diseases. Despite the species' pharmaceutical potential and its high preference by West and Central African communities, G. kola is still at the beginning of its domestication process. Even though, there are numerous scientific articles published on species biological activities, it is a difficult task to find basic information on its diversity, distribution, genetics, silvicultural management or botany. Therefore, in this very first review published on G. kola, we summarize all relevant information known about the species, target some of the challenges connected with its cultivation and propose a leading direction for future research and domestication process.
Keywords
Cameroon, diversity, indigenous fruit tree species, kolaviron, medicinal plants, underutilized crops, ISCHEMIA/REPERFUSION INJURY, CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION, NUTRITIVE-VALUE, KOLAVIRON, SEEDS, BIFLAVANONES, BIFLAVONOIDS, GERMINATION, ANTIOXIDANT, PRODUCTS

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MLA
Maňourová, Anna, et al. “Medicinal Potential, Utilization and Domestication Status of Bitter Kola (Garcinia Kola Heckel) in West and Central Africa.” FORESTS, vol. 10, no. 2, 2019.
APA
Maňourová, A., Leuner, O., Tchoundjeu, Z., Van Damme, P., Verner, V., Přibyl, O., & Lojka, B. (2019). Medicinal potential, utilization and domestication status of bitter kola (Garcinia kola Heckel) in West and Central Africa. FORESTS, 10(2).
Chicago author-date
Maňourová, Anna, Olga Leuner, Zacharie Tchoundjeu, Patrick Van Damme, Vladimír Verner, Ondřej Přibyl, and Bohdan Lojka. 2019. “Medicinal Potential, Utilization and Domestication Status of Bitter Kola (Garcinia Kola Heckel) in West and Central Africa.” FORESTS 10 (2).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Maňourová, Anna, Olga Leuner, Zacharie Tchoundjeu, Patrick Van Damme, Vladimír Verner, Ondřej Přibyl, and Bohdan Lojka. 2019. “Medicinal Potential, Utilization and Domestication Status of Bitter Kola (Garcinia Kola Heckel) in West and Central Africa.” FORESTS 10 (2).
Vancouver
1.
Maňourová A, Leuner O, Tchoundjeu Z, Van Damme P, Verner V, Přibyl O, et al. Medicinal potential, utilization and domestication status of bitter kola (Garcinia kola Heckel) in West and Central Africa. FORESTS. 2019;10(2).
IEEE
[1]
A. Maňourová et al., “Medicinal potential, utilization and domestication status of bitter kola (Garcinia kola Heckel) in West and Central Africa,” FORESTS, vol. 10, no. 2, 2019.
@article{8600663,
  abstract     = {Garcinia kola Heckel (Clusiaceae), known as bitter kola, is a multipurpose tree indigenous to West and Central Africa. This highly preferred species is called wonder plant because all of its parts can be used as medicine. Its seeds, the most valued product of the tree, are commonly eaten to prevent/cure gastric disorders and for their typical astringent taste. There is a vast evidence that bioactive components of the seeds can serve as alternative medicine to treat/prevent severe illnesses such as malaria, hepatitis and immune-destructive diseases. Despite the species' pharmaceutical potential and its high preference by West and Central African communities, G. kola is still at the beginning of its domestication process. Even though, there are numerous scientific articles published on species biological activities, it is a difficult task to find basic information on its diversity, distribution, genetics, silvicultural management or botany. Therefore, in this very first review published on G. kola, we summarize all relevant information known about the species, target some of the challenges connected with its cultivation and propose a leading direction for future research and domestication process.},
  articleno    = {124},
  author       = {Maňourová, Anna and Leuner, Olga and Tchoundjeu, Zacharie and Van Damme, Patrick and Verner, Vladimír and Přibyl, Ondřej and Lojka, Bohdan},
  issn         = {1999-4907},
  journal      = {FORESTS},
  keywords     = {Cameroon,diversity,indigenous fruit tree species,kolaviron,medicinal plants,underutilized crops,ISCHEMIA/REPERFUSION INJURY,CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION,NUTRITIVE-VALUE,KOLAVIRON,SEEDS,BIFLAVANONES,BIFLAVONOIDS,GERMINATION,ANTIOXIDANT,PRODUCTS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {18},
  title        = {Medicinal potential, utilization and domestication status of bitter kola (Garcinia kola Heckel) in West and Central Africa},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/f10020124},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2019},
}

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