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The health risks of Belgian illicit indoor cannabis plantations

(2018) JOURNAL OF FORENSIC SCIENCES. 63(6). p.1783-1789
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Abstract
We assessed the prevalence of potential health hazards to intervention staff and cannabis growers in Belgian indoor cannabis plantations. Surface mold swab samples were taken at 16 Belgian indoor plantations contained mostly Penicillium sp. and Aspergillus sp. However, their precise health impact on intervention staff and illicit growers is unclear as no molds spore concentrations were measured. Atmospheric gas monitoring in the studied cannabis plantations did not reveal dangerous toxic substances. Health symptoms were reported by 60% of 221 surveyed police, but could not be linked to specific plantation characteristics. We conclude that Belgian indoor cannabis plantations pose a potential health threat to growers and intervention staff. AS there are currently no clear safety guidelines for seizure and dismantling of Belgian indoor cannabis plantations, we recommend first responders to follow strict safety rules when entering the growth rooms, which include wearing appropriate personal protective equipment.
Keywords
forensic science, forensic toxicology, booby trap, electrocution, mold, pesticide, police, toxic atmosphere, PESTICIDES, AIR, ASPERGILLUS, MARIJUANA, ALLERGENS, SATIVA, FUNGI, FOOD

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Citation

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MLA
Vanhove, Wouter et al. “The Health Risks of Belgian Illicit Indoor Cannabis Plantations.” JOURNAL OF FORENSIC SCIENCES 63.6 (2018): 1783–1789. Print.
APA
Vanhove, Wouter, Cuypers, E., Bonneure, A.-J., Gotink, J., Stassen, M., Tytgat, J., & Van Damme, P. (2018). The health risks of Belgian illicit indoor cannabis plantations. JOURNAL OF FORENSIC SCIENCES, 63(6), 1783–1789.
Chicago author-date
Vanhove, Wouter, Eva Cuypers, Arne-Jan Bonneure, Joachim Gotink, Mirna Stassen, Jan Tytgat, and Patrick Van Damme. 2018. “The Health Risks of Belgian Illicit Indoor Cannabis Plantations.” Journal of Forensic Sciences 63 (6): 1783–1789.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vanhove, Wouter, Eva Cuypers, Arne-Jan Bonneure, Joachim Gotink, Mirna Stassen, Jan Tytgat, and Patrick Van Damme. 2018. “The Health Risks of Belgian Illicit Indoor Cannabis Plantations.” Journal of Forensic Sciences 63 (6): 1783–1789.
Vancouver
1.
Vanhove W, Cuypers E, Bonneure A-J, Gotink J, Stassen M, Tytgat J, et al. The health risks of Belgian illicit indoor cannabis plantations. JOURNAL OF FORENSIC SCIENCES. 2018;63(6):1783–9.
IEEE
[1]
W. Vanhove et al., “The health risks of Belgian illicit indoor cannabis plantations,” JOURNAL OF FORENSIC SCIENCES, vol. 63, no. 6, pp. 1783–1789, 2018.
@article{8600629,
  abstract     = {We assessed the prevalence of potential health hazards to intervention staff and cannabis growers in Belgian indoor cannabis plantations. Surface mold swab samples were taken at 16 Belgian indoor plantations contained mostly Penicillium sp. and Aspergillus sp. However, their precise health impact on intervention staff and illicit growers is unclear as no molds spore concentrations were measured. Atmospheric gas monitoring in the studied cannabis plantations did not reveal dangerous toxic substances. Health symptoms were reported by 60% of 221 surveyed police, but could not be linked to specific plantation characteristics. We conclude that Belgian indoor cannabis plantations pose a potential health threat to growers and intervention staff. AS there are currently no clear safety guidelines for seizure and dismantling of Belgian indoor cannabis plantations, we recommend first responders to follow strict safety rules when entering the growth rooms, which include wearing appropriate personal protective equipment.},
  author       = {Vanhove, Wouter and Cuypers, Eva and Bonneure, Arne-Jan and Gotink, Joachim and Stassen, Mirna and Tytgat, Jan and Van Damme, Patrick},
  issn         = {0022-1198},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF FORENSIC SCIENCES},
  keywords     = {forensic science,forensic toxicology,booby trap,electrocution,mold,pesticide,police,toxic atmosphere,PESTICIDES,AIR,ASPERGILLUS,MARIJUANA,ALLERGENS,SATIVA,FUNGI,FOOD},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1783--1789},
  title        = {The health risks of Belgian illicit indoor cannabis plantations},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13788},
  volume       = {63},
  year         = {2018},
}

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