Advanced search
1 file | 1.02 MB Add to list

Overview and comparison of Legionella regulations worldwide

Author
Organization
Abstract
Background: Legionnaires disease occurs worldwide. Many authorities have guidelines and regulations to prevent and control Legionella in water systems. These regulations are based on often very limited field and laboratory observations and measurements. They are, therefore, very different from country to country. This article aims to map the existing regulatory framework of worldwide Legionella control to assess the feasibility of regulatory unification. Methods: This article gives an overview of the different standards, guidelines, and recommendations as well as how various authorities and/or countries deal with Legionella infection. A 3-step process is followed to identify current regulations. Results: Although Legionella is a global concern with a common scientific base, the regulatory framework is different from country to country. The current guidelines and standards are not the best possible. Despite different regulatory frameworks, there is still broad unification of underlying principles. Common principles across regulations are avoiding and monitoring critical spots, avoiding water stagnation, and maintaining sufficiently high temperature (above 60 degrees C, below 25 degrees C). Differences between regulations are target group and dangerous Legionella concentration levels. Conclusions: The comparative analysis of the framework is a good starting point for reaching future regulatory unification based on common ground. (C) 2018 Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Keywords
Legionella guideline, Legionella standard, Legionella regulation, WATER, PNEUMOPHILA, CONTAMINATION, SURVEILLANCE, SURVIVAL, SYSTEMS, FLOW

Downloads

  • Biblio OverviewAndComparisonOfLegionellaRegulationsWorldwide.pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 1.02 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Van Kenhove, Elisa, et al. “Overview and Comparison of Legionella Regulations Worldwide.” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF INFECTION CONTROL , vol. 47, no. 8, 2019, pp. 968–78.
APA
Van Kenhove, E., Dinne, K., Janssens, A., & Laverge, J. (2019). Overview and comparison of Legionella regulations worldwide. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF INFECTION CONTROL , 47(8), 968–978.
Chicago author-date
Van Kenhove, Elisa, Karla Dinne, Arnold Janssens, and Jelle Laverge. 2019. “Overview and Comparison of Legionella Regulations Worldwide.” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF INFECTION CONTROL 47 (8): 968–78.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van Kenhove, Elisa, Karla Dinne, Arnold Janssens, and Jelle Laverge. 2019. “Overview and Comparison of Legionella Regulations Worldwide.” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF INFECTION CONTROL 47 (8): 968–978.
Vancouver
1.
Van Kenhove E, Dinne K, Janssens A, Laverge J. Overview and comparison of Legionella regulations worldwide. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF INFECTION CONTROL . 2019;47(8):968–78.
IEEE
[1]
E. Van Kenhove, K. Dinne, A. Janssens, and J. Laverge, “Overview and comparison of Legionella regulations worldwide,” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF INFECTION CONTROL , vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 968–978, 2019.
@article{8600404,
  abstract     = {Background: Legionnaires disease occurs worldwide. Many authorities have guidelines and regulations to prevent and control Legionella in water systems. These regulations are based on often very limited field and laboratory observations and measurements. They are, therefore, very different from country to country. This article aims to map the existing regulatory framework of worldwide Legionella control to assess the feasibility of regulatory unification.
Methods: This article gives an overview of the different standards, guidelines, and recommendations as well as how various authorities and/or countries deal with Legionella infection. A 3-step process is followed to identify current regulations.
Results: Although Legionella is a global concern with a common scientific base, the regulatory framework is different from country to country. The current guidelines and standards are not the best possible. Despite different regulatory frameworks, there is still broad unification of underlying principles. Common principles across regulations are avoiding and monitoring critical spots, avoiding water stagnation, and maintaining sufficiently high temperature (above 60 degrees C, below 25 degrees C). Differences between regulations are target group and dangerous Legionella concentration levels.
Conclusions: The comparative analysis of the framework is a good starting point for reaching future regulatory unification based on common ground. (C) 2018 Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Van Kenhove, Elisa and Dinne, Karla and Janssens, Arnold and Laverge, Jelle},
  issn         = {0196-6553 },
  journal      = {AMERICAN JOURNAL OF INFECTION CONTROL },
  keywords     = {Legionella guideline,Legionella standard,Legionella regulation,WATER,PNEUMOPHILA,CONTAMINATION,SURVEILLANCE,SURVIVAL,SYSTEMS,FLOW},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {968--978},
  title        = {Overview and comparison of Legionella regulations worldwide},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2018.10.006},
  volume       = {47},
  year         = {2019},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: