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Assessing the biological signal of different RNA fractions for computational deconvolution of healthy tissues

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Abstract
Multiple approaches have been developed to infer abundance of different cell types in heterogeneous samples (=computational deconvolution). Albeit potentially applicable to different RNA fractions, current methods have been designed and tested on mRNAs only. Using expression data of long non-coding RNAs, circular RNAs, microRNAs and mRNAs from RNA-sequencing data across 160 normal cell types and 45 tissues from the RNA Atlas project, we investigated the performance of additional RNA fractions in the computational deconvolution. Tissues and cell types in the RNA-Atlas were matched based on UBERON ontology. For each cell type, we defined cell-type specific markers based on matching mRNA, lncRNA, miRNA and circRNA expression data. These markers were subsequently applied to determine the proportion of each cell type in each of the tissues through computational deconvolution. For any given tissue, we defined the “signal” as the sum of the proportions of all its constituent cell types. This signal was computed for mRNA, miRNA, lncRNA and circRNA markers separately. We found that mRNAs contained the highest amount of biological signal across tissues, closely followed by lncRNAs. Furthermore, despite having lower overall performance, both miRNAs and circRNAs can deconvolve specific tissues with higher accuracy than mRNAs and lncRNAs.

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Chicago
Avila Cobos, Francisco, Lucia Lorenzi, Jo Vandesompele, Gary Schroth, Katleen De Preter, and Pieter Mestdagh. 2018. “Assessing the Biological Signal of Different RNA Fractions for Computational Deconvolution of Healthy Tissues.” In Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology, 26th Conference, Abstracts.
APA
Avila Cobos, F., Lorenzi, L., Vandesompele, J., Schroth, G., De Preter, K., & Mestdagh, P. (2018). Assessing the biological signal of different RNA fractions for computational deconvolution of healthy tissues. Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology, 26th Conference, Abstracts. Presented at the 26th Conference on Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology (ISMB 2018).
Vancouver
1.
Avila Cobos F, Lorenzi L, Vandesompele J, Schroth G, De Preter K, Mestdagh P. Assessing the biological signal of different RNA fractions for computational deconvolution of healthy tissues. Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology, 26th Conference, Abstracts. 2018.
MLA
Avila Cobos, Francisco et al. “Assessing the Biological Signal of Different RNA Fractions for Computational Deconvolution of Healthy Tissues.” Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology, 26th Conference, Abstracts. 2018. Print.
@inproceedings{8598841,
  abstract     = {Multiple approaches have been developed to infer abundance of different cell types in heterogeneous samples (=computational deconvolution). Albeit potentially applicable to different RNA fractions, current methods have been designed and tested on mRNAs only. Using expression data of long non-coding RNAs, circular RNAs, microRNAs and mRNAs from RNA-sequencing data across 160 normal cell types and 45 tissues from the RNA Atlas project, we investigated the performance of additional RNA fractions in the computational deconvolution. Tissues and cell types in the RNA-Atlas were matched based on UBERON ontology. For each cell type, we defined cell-type specific markers based on matching mRNA, lncRNA, miRNA and circRNA expression data. These markers were subsequently applied to determine the proportion of each cell type in each of the tissues through computational deconvolution. For any given tissue, we defined the “signal” as the sum of the proportions of all its constituent cell types. This signal was computed for mRNA, miRNA, lncRNA and circRNA markers separately. We found that mRNAs contained the highest amount of biological signal across tissues, closely followed by lncRNAs. Furthermore, despite having lower overall performance, both miRNAs and circRNAs can deconvolve specific tissues with higher accuracy than mRNAs and lncRNAs.},
  author       = {Avila Cobos, Francisco and Lorenzi, Lucia and Vandesompele, Jo and Schroth, Gary and De Preter, Katleen and Mestdagh, Pieter},
  booktitle    = {Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology, 26th Conference, Abstracts},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Chicago, IL, USA},
  title        = {Assessing the biological signal of different RNA fractions for computational deconvolution of healthy tissues},
  year         = {2018},
}