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Leigh syndrome followed by parkinsonism in an adult with homozygous c.626C > T mutation in MTFMT

Dimitri Hemelsoet (UGent) , Arnaud Vanlander (UGent) , Joél Smet (UGent) , Elise Vantroys (UGent) , Marjan Acou (UGent) , Ingeborg Goethals (UGent) , Tom Sante (UGent) , Sara Seneca, Björn Menten (UGent) and Rudy Van Coster (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
Objective : To report the clinical, radiologic, biochemical, and molecular characteristics in a 46-year-old participant with adult-onset Leigh syndrome (LS), followed by parkinsonism. Methods : Case description with diagnostic workup included blood and CSF analysis, skeletal muscle investigations, blue native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, whole exome sequencing targeting nuclear genes involved in mitochondrial transcription and translation, cerebral MRI, 123I-FP-CIT brain single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and C-11 raclopride positron emission tomography (PET). Results : The participant was found to have a defect in the oxidative phosphorylation caused by a c.626C>T mutation in the gene coding for mitochondrial methionyl-tRNA formyltransferase (MTFMT), which is a pathogenic mutation affecting intramitochondrial protein translation. The proband had a normal concentration of lactate in blood and no abnormal microscopic findings in skeletal muscle. Cerebral MRI showed bilateral lesions in the striatum, mesencephalon, pons, and medial thalamus. Lactate concentration in CSF was increased. FP-CIT SPECT and C-11 raclopride PET demonstrated a defect in the dopaminergic system. Conclusions : We report on a case with adult-onset LS related to a MTFMT mutation. Two years after the onset of symptoms of LS, the proband developed a parkinson-like disease. The c.626C>T mutation is the most common pathogenic mutation found in 22 patients reported earlier in the literature with a defect in MTFMT. The age of the previously reported cases varied between 14 months and 24 years. Our report expands the phenotypical spectrum of MTFMT-related neurologic disease and provides clinical evidence for involvement of MTFMT in extrapyramidal syndromes.
Keywords
DIAGNOSIS, DISEASE

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MLA
Hemelsoet, Dimitri, et al. “Leigh Syndrome Followed by Parkinsonism in an Adult with Homozygous c.626C > T Mutation in MTFMT.” NEUROLOGY-GENETICS, vol. 4, no. 6, 2018, doi:10.1212/NXG.0000000000000298.
APA
Hemelsoet, D., Vanlander, A., Smet, J., Vantroys, E., Acou, M., Goethals, I., … Van Coster, R. (2018). Leigh syndrome followed by parkinsonism in an adult with homozygous c.626C > T mutation in MTFMT. NEUROLOGY-GENETICS, 4(6). https://doi.org/10.1212/NXG.0000000000000298
Chicago author-date
Hemelsoet, Dimitri, Arnaud Vanlander, Joél Smet, Elise Vantroys, Marjan Acou, Ingeborg Goethals, Tom Sante, Sara Seneca, Björn Menten, and Rudy Van Coster. 2018. “Leigh Syndrome Followed by Parkinsonism in an Adult with Homozygous c.626C > T Mutation in MTFMT.” NEUROLOGY-GENETICS 4 (6). https://doi.org/10.1212/NXG.0000000000000298.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Hemelsoet, Dimitri, Arnaud Vanlander, Joél Smet, Elise Vantroys, Marjan Acou, Ingeborg Goethals, Tom Sante, Sara Seneca, Björn Menten, and Rudy Van Coster. 2018. “Leigh Syndrome Followed by Parkinsonism in an Adult with Homozygous c.626C > T Mutation in MTFMT.” NEUROLOGY-GENETICS 4 (6). doi:10.1212/NXG.0000000000000298.
Vancouver
1.
Hemelsoet D, Vanlander A, Smet J, Vantroys E, Acou M, Goethals I, et al. Leigh syndrome followed by parkinsonism in an adult with homozygous c.626C > T mutation in MTFMT. NEUROLOGY-GENETICS. 2018;4(6).
IEEE
[1]
D. Hemelsoet et al., “Leigh syndrome followed by parkinsonism in an adult with homozygous c.626C > T mutation in MTFMT,” NEUROLOGY-GENETICS, vol. 4, no. 6, 2018.
@article{8591947,
  abstract     = {Objective : To report the clinical, radiologic, biochemical, and molecular characteristics in a 46-year-old participant with adult-onset Leigh syndrome (LS), followed by parkinsonism. 
Methods : Case description with diagnostic workup included blood and CSF analysis, skeletal muscle investigations, blue native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, whole exome sequencing targeting nuclear genes involved in mitochondrial transcription and translation, cerebral MRI, 123I-FP-CIT brain single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and C-11 raclopride positron emission tomography (PET). 
Results : The participant was found to have a defect in the oxidative phosphorylation caused by a c.626C>T mutation in the gene coding for mitochondrial methionyl-tRNA formyltransferase (MTFMT), which is a pathogenic mutation affecting intramitochondrial protein translation. The proband had a normal concentration of lactate in blood and no abnormal microscopic findings in skeletal muscle. Cerebral MRI showed bilateral lesions in the striatum, mesencephalon, pons, and medial thalamus. Lactate concentration in CSF was increased. FP-CIT SPECT and C-11 raclopride PET demonstrated a defect in the dopaminergic system. 
Conclusions : We report on a case with adult-onset LS related to a MTFMT mutation. Two years after the onset of symptoms of LS, the proband developed a parkinson-like disease. The c.626C>T mutation is the most common pathogenic mutation found in 22 patients reported earlier in the literature with a defect in MTFMT. The age of the previously reported cases varied between 14 months and 24 years. Our report expands the phenotypical spectrum of MTFMT-related neurologic disease and provides clinical evidence for involvement of MTFMT in extrapyramidal syndromes.},
  articleno    = {e298},
  author       = {Hemelsoet, Dimitri and Vanlander, Arnaud and Smet, Joél and Vantroys, Elise and Acou, Marjan and Goethals, Ingeborg and Sante, Tom and Seneca, Sara and Menten, Björn and Van Coster, Rudy},
  issn         = {2376-7839},
  journal      = {NEUROLOGY-GENETICS},
  keywords     = {DIAGNOSIS,DISEASE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {5},
  title        = {Leigh syndrome followed by parkinsonism in an adult with homozygous c.626C > T mutation in MTFMT},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/NXG.0000000000000298},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2018},
}

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