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Adequacy of bystander actions in unconscious patients : an audit study in the Ghent region (Belgium)

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Abstract
Objective Early recognition and appropriate bystander response has proven effect on the outcome of many critically ill patients, including those in cardiac arrest. We wanted to audit prehospital bystander response in our region and identify areas for improvement. Patients and methods We prospectively collected data, including Emergency Medical Services dispatch center audio files, on all patients with a decreased level of consciousness presenting to the Ghent University Hospital prehospital emergency care unit (n = 151). Three trained emergency physicians reviewed the bystander responses, both before and after dispatcher advice was given. Suboptimal actions (SAs) were only withheld if there was 100% consensus. Results SAs were recognized in 54 (38%) of the 142 cases, and most often related to delayed (n = 35) or inaccurate (n = 12) alerting of the dispatch center. In seven cases, the aid given was considered suboptimal in itself. Importantly, in 21 (25.9%) of the 81 cases where a clear advice was given by the dispatcher, this advice was ignored. In 12 cases, a general practitioner was present at scene. We recognized SAs in 80% of these cases (8/10; insufficient information, n = 2). Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was started in only 29 (43.3%) of the 67 cases of cardiac arrest where dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation was indicated at the moment of first Emergency Medical Services call. Conclusion We audited bystander response for unconscious patients in our region and found a high degree of suboptimal actions. These results should inform policy makers and healthcare professionals and force them to urgently reflect on how to improve the first parts of the chain of survival.
Keywords
audit, bystander, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, dispatcher, out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, prehospital, HOSPITAL CARDIAC-ARREST, ASSISTED CARDIOPULMONARY-RESUSCITATION, COUNCIL GUIDELINES, 1ST LINK, SURVIVAL, CPR, INSTRUCTIONS, RECOGNITION, EXPERIENCES, BARRIERS, audit, bystander, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, dispatcher, out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, prehospital

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Citation

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MLA
Lamote, Ines, et al. “Adequacy of Bystander Actions in Unconscious Patients : An Audit Study in the Ghent Region (Belgium).” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE, vol. 27, no. 2, 2020, pp. 105–09, doi:10.1097/mej.0000000000000595.
APA
Lamote, I., Calle, P., Lyphout, C., & Van de Voorde, P. (2020). Adequacy of bystander actions in unconscious patients : an audit study in the Ghent region (Belgium). EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE, 27(2), 105–109. https://doi.org/10.1097/mej.0000000000000595
Chicago author-date
Lamote, Ines, Paul Calle, Cathelijne Lyphout, and Patrick Van de Voorde. 2020. “Adequacy of Bystander Actions in Unconscious Patients : An Audit Study in the Ghent Region (Belgium).” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE 27 (2): 105–9. https://doi.org/10.1097/mej.0000000000000595.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Lamote, Ines, Paul Calle, Cathelijne Lyphout, and Patrick Van de Voorde. 2020. “Adequacy of Bystander Actions in Unconscious Patients : An Audit Study in the Ghent Region (Belgium).” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE 27 (2): 105–109. doi:10.1097/mej.0000000000000595.
Vancouver
1.
Lamote I, Calle P, Lyphout C, Van de Voorde P. Adequacy of bystander actions in unconscious patients : an audit study in the Ghent region (Belgium). EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE. 2020;27(2):105–9.
IEEE
[1]
I. Lamote, P. Calle, C. Lyphout, and P. Van de Voorde, “Adequacy of bystander actions in unconscious patients : an audit study in the Ghent region (Belgium),” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 105–109, 2020.
@article{8591580,
  abstract     = {Objective
Early recognition and appropriate bystander response has proven effect on the outcome of many critically ill patients, including those in cardiac arrest. We wanted to audit prehospital bystander response in our region and identify areas for improvement.
Patients and methods
We prospectively collected data, including Emergency Medical Services dispatch center audio files, on all patients with a decreased level of consciousness presenting to the Ghent University Hospital prehospital emergency care unit (n = 151). Three trained emergency physicians reviewed the bystander responses, both before and after dispatcher advice was given. Suboptimal actions (SAs) were only withheld if there was 100% consensus.
Results
SAs were recognized in 54 (38%) of the 142 cases, and most often related to delayed (n = 35) or inaccurate (n = 12) alerting of the dispatch center. In seven cases, the aid given was considered suboptimal in itself. Importantly, in 21 (25.9%) of the 81 cases where a clear advice was given by the dispatcher, this advice was ignored. In 12 cases, a general practitioner was present at scene. We recognized SAs in 80% of these cases (8/10; insufficient information, n = 2). Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was started in only 29 (43.3%) of the 67 cases of cardiac arrest where dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation was indicated at the moment of first Emergency Medical Services call.
Conclusion
We audited bystander response for unconscious patients in our region and found a high degree of suboptimal actions. These results should inform policy makers and healthcare professionals and force them to urgently reflect on how to improve the first parts of the chain of survival.},
  author       = {Lamote, Ines and Calle, Paul and Lyphout, Cathelijne and Van de Voorde, Patrick},
  issn         = {0969-9546},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE},
  keywords     = {audit,bystander,cardiopulmonary resuscitation,dispatcher,out-of-hospital cardiac arrest,prehospital,HOSPITAL CARDIAC-ARREST,ASSISTED CARDIOPULMONARY-RESUSCITATION,COUNCIL GUIDELINES,1ST LINK,SURVIVAL,CPR,INSTRUCTIONS,RECOGNITION,EXPERIENCES,BARRIERS,audit,bystander,cardiopulmonary resuscitation,dispatcher,out-of-hospital cardiac arrest,prehospital},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {105--109},
  title        = {Adequacy of bystander actions in unconscious patients : an audit study in the Ghent region (Belgium)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/mej.0000000000000595},
  volume       = {27},
  year         = {2020},
}

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