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Report Card grades on the physical activity of children and youth comparing 30 very high Human Development Index countries

(2018) JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & HEALTH. 15(suppl. 2). p.S298-S314
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Organization
Abstract
Background: To better understand the childhood physical inactivity crisis, Report Cards on physical activity of children and youth were prepared concurrently in 30 very high Human Development Index countries. The aim of this article was to present, describe, and compare the findings from these Report Cards. Methods: The Report Cards were developed using a harmonized process for data gathering, assessing, and assigning grades to 10 common physical activity indicators. Descriptive statistics were calculated after converting letter grades to interval variables, and correlational analyses between the 10 common indicators were performed using Spearman's rank correlation coefficients. Results: A matrix of 300 grades was obtained with substantial variations within and between countries. Low grades were observed for behavioral indicators, and higher grades were observed for sources of influence indicators, indicating a disconnect between supports and desired behaviors. Conclusion: This analysis summarizes the level and context of the physical activity of children and youth among very high Human Development Index countries, and provides additional evidence that the situation regarding physical activity in children and youth is very concerning. Unless a major shift to a more active lifestyle happens soon, a high rate of noncommunicable diseases can be anticipated when this generation of children reaches adulthood.
Keywords
children physical activity, sedentary behavior, international comparison, Global Matrix, PUBLIC-HEALTH PROBLEM, SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN, SEDENTARY BEHAVIOR, RISK-FACTORS, SCREEN TIME, ASSOCIATIONS, ADOLESCENTS, INDICATORS, INACTIVITY, FITNESS

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MLA
Aubert, Salomé et al. “Report Card Grades on the Physical Activity of Children and Youth Comparing 30 Very High Human Development Index Countries.” JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & HEALTH 15.suppl. 2 (2018): S298–S314. Print.
APA
Aubert, S., Barnes, J., Aguilar-Farias, N., Cardon, G., Chang, C.-K., Delisle Nyström, C., Demetriou, Y., et al. (2018). Report Card grades on the physical activity of children and youth comparing 30 very high Human Development Index countries. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & HEALTH, 15(suppl. 2), S298–S314.
Chicago author-date
Aubert, Salomé, Joel Barnes, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Greet Cardon, Chen-Kang Chang, Christine Delisle Nyström, Yolanda Demetriou, et al. 2018. “Report Card Grades on the Physical Activity of Children and Youth Comparing 30 Very High Human Development Index Countries.” Journal of Physical Activity & Health 15 (suppl. 2): S298–S314.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Aubert, Salomé, Joel Barnes, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Greet Cardon, Chen-Kang Chang, Christine Delisle Nyström, Yolanda Demetriou, Lowri Edwards, Arunas Emeljanovas, Aleš Gába, Wendy Huang, Izzeldin Ibrahim, Jaak Jürimäe, Peter Katzmarzyk, Agata Korcz, Yeon Soo Kim, Eun-Young Lee, Marie Löf, Tom Loney, Shawnda Morrison, Jorge Mota, John Reilly, Blanca Roman-Viñas, Natasha Schranz, John Scriven, Jan Seghers, Thomas Skovgaard, Melody Smith, Martyn Standage, Gregor Starc, Gareth Stratton, Tim Takken, Tuija Tammelin, Chiaki Tanaka, David Thivel, Richard Tyler, Alun Williams, Stephen Wong, Paweł Zembura, and Mark Tremblay. 2018. “Report Card Grades on the Physical Activity of Children and Youth Comparing 30 Very High Human Development Index Countries.” Journal of Physical Activity & Health 15 (suppl. 2): S298–S314.
Vancouver
1.
Aubert S, Barnes J, Aguilar-Farias N, Cardon G, Chang C-K, Delisle Nyström C, et al. Report Card grades on the physical activity of children and youth comparing 30 very high Human Development Index countries. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & HEALTH. 2018;15(suppl. 2):S298–S314.
IEEE
[1]
S. Aubert et al., “Report Card grades on the physical activity of children and youth comparing 30 very high Human Development Index countries,” JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & HEALTH, vol. 15, no. suppl. 2, pp. S298–S314, 2018.
@article{8591405,
  abstract     = {Background: To better understand the childhood physical inactivity crisis, Report Cards on physical activity of children and youth were prepared concurrently in 30 very high Human Development Index countries. The aim of this article was to present, describe, and compare the findings from these Report Cards.
Methods: The Report Cards were developed using a harmonized process for data gathering, assessing, and assigning grades to 10 common physical activity indicators. Descriptive statistics were calculated after converting letter grades to interval variables, and correlational analyses between the 10 common indicators were performed using Spearman's rank correlation coefficients.
Results: A matrix of 300 grades was obtained with substantial variations within and between countries. Low grades were observed for behavioral indicators, and higher grades were observed for sources of influence indicators, indicating a disconnect between supports and desired behaviors.
Conclusion: This analysis summarizes the level and context of the physical activity of children and youth among very high Human Development Index countries, and provides additional evidence that the situation regarding physical activity in children and youth is very concerning. Unless a major shift to a more active lifestyle happens soon, a high rate of noncommunicable diseases can be anticipated when this generation of children reaches adulthood.},
  author       = {Aubert, Salomé and Barnes, Joel and Aguilar-Farias, Nicolas and Cardon, Greet and Chang, Chen-Kang and Delisle Nyström, Christine and Demetriou, Yolanda and Edwards, Lowri and Emeljanovas, Arunas and Gába, Aleš and Huang, Wendy and Ibrahim, Izzeldin and Jürimäe, Jaak and Katzmarzyk, Peter and Korcz, Agata and Kim, Yeon Soo and Lee, Eun-Young and Löf, Marie and Loney, Tom and Morrison, Shawnda and Mota, Jorge and Reilly, John and Roman-Viñas, Blanca and Schranz, Natasha and Scriven, John and Seghers, Jan and Skovgaard, Thomas and Smith, Melody and Standage, Martyn and Starc, Gregor and Stratton, Gareth and Takken, Tim and Tammelin, Tuija and Tanaka, Chiaki and Thivel, David and Tyler, Richard and Williams, Alun and Wong, Stephen and Zembura, Paweł and Tremblay, Mark},
  issn         = {1543-3080},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & HEALTH},
  keywords     = {children physical activity,sedentary behavior,international comparison,Global Matrix,PUBLIC-HEALTH PROBLEM,SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN,SEDENTARY BEHAVIOR,RISK-FACTORS,SCREEN TIME,ASSOCIATIONS,ADOLESCENTS,INDICATORS,INACTIVITY,FITNESS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {suppl. 2},
  pages        = {S298--S314},
  title        = {Report Card grades on the physical activity of children and youth comparing 30 very high Human Development Index countries},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2018-0431},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2018},
}

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