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Biological determinants of physical activity across the life course : a 'Determinants of Diet and Physical Activity' (DEDIPAC) umbrella systematic literature review

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Abstract
BACKGROUND: Despite the large number of studies and reviews available, the evidence regarding the biological determinants of physical activity (PA) is inconclusive. In this umbrella review, we summarized the current evidence on the biological determinants of PA across the life course, by pooling the results of the available systematic literature reviews (SLRs) and meta-analyses (MAs). METHODS: We conducted an online search on MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, Scopus, and SPORTDiscus databases up to January 2018. SLRs and MAs of observational studies that investigated the association between biological determinants of PA and having PA as outcome were considered eligible. The extracted data were assessed based on the importance of the determinants, the strength of evidence, and the methodological quality. RESULTS: We identified 19 reviews of which most were of moderate methodological quality. Determinants that were studied most frequently among all ages and demonstrated evidence suggesting a positive association to PA were younger age, being male, higher health status, and higher physical fitness levels. Among adults, normal birth weight was found to be positively associated to PA with convincing strength of evidence, while findings among adolescents were inconsistent and with limited strength of evidence. CONCLUSIONS: Different social or behavioral factors may contribute to the decrease of PA with age and among females versus males, and creating programmes targeted at diverse ages, female population, and adults with abnormal birth weight is recommended. Future studies should use prospective study designs, standardized definitions of PA, and objective measurement methods of PA assessment.
Keywords
physical activity & health

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MLA
Aleksovska, Katina et al. “Biological Determinants of Physical Activity Across the Life Course : a ‘Determinants of Diet and Physical Activity’ (DEDIPAC) Umbrella Systematic Literature Review.” SPORTS MEDICINE : OPEN 5 (2019): n. pag. Print.
APA
Aleksovska, K., Puggina, A., Giraldi, L., Buck, C., Burns, C., Cardon, G., Carlin, A., et al. (2019). Biological determinants of physical activity across the life course : a “Determinants of Diet and Physical Activity” (DEDIPAC) umbrella systematic literature review. SPORTS MEDICINE : OPEN, 5.
Chicago author-date
Aleksovska, Katina, Anna Puggina, Luca Giraldi, Christoph Buck, Con Burns, Greet Cardon, Angela Carlin, et al. 2019. “Biological Determinants of Physical Activity Across the Life Course : a ‘Determinants of Diet and Physical Activity’ (DEDIPAC) Umbrella Systematic Literature Review.” Sports Medicine : Open 5.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Aleksovska, Katina, Anna Puggina, Luca Giraldi, Christoph Buck, Con Burns, Greet Cardon, Angela Carlin, Simon Chantal, Donatella Ciarapica, Marco Colotto, Giancarlo Condello, Tara Coppinger, Cristina Cortis, Sara D’Haese, Marieke De Craemer, Andrea Di Blasio, Sylvia Hansen, Licia Iacoviello, Johann Issartel, Pascal Izzicupo, Lina Jaeschke, Martina Kanning, Aileen Kennedy, Fiona Ling, Agnes Luzak, Giorgio Napolitano, Julie-Anne Nazare, Camille Perchoux, Tobias Pischon, Angela Polito, Alessandra Sannella, Holger Schulz, Rhoda Sohun, Astrid Steinbrecher, Wolfgang Schlicht, Walter Ricciardi, Ciaran MacDonncha, Laura Capranica, and Stefania Boccia. 2019. “Biological Determinants of Physical Activity Across the Life Course : a ‘Determinants of Diet and Physical Activity’ (DEDIPAC) Umbrella Systematic Literature Review.” Sports Medicine : Open 5.
Vancouver
1.
Aleksovska K, Puggina A, Giraldi L, Buck C, Burns C, Cardon G, et al. Biological determinants of physical activity across the life course : a “Determinants of Diet and Physical Activity” (DEDIPAC) umbrella systematic literature review. SPORTS MEDICINE : OPEN. 2019;5.
IEEE
[1]
K. Aleksovska et al., “Biological determinants of physical activity across the life course : a ‘Determinants of Diet and Physical Activity’ (DEDIPAC) umbrella systematic literature review,” SPORTS MEDICINE : OPEN, vol. 5, 2019.
@article{8591403,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: Despite the large number of studies and reviews available, the evidence regarding the biological determinants of physical activity (PA) is inconclusive. In this umbrella review, we summarized the current evidence on the biological determinants of PA across the life course, by pooling the results of the available systematic literature reviews (SLRs) and meta-analyses (MAs).
METHODS: We conducted an online search on MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, Scopus, and SPORTDiscus databases up to January 2018. SLRs and MAs of observational studies that investigated the association between biological determinants of PA and having PA as outcome were considered eligible. The extracted data were assessed based on the importance of the determinants, the strength of evidence, and the methodological quality.
RESULTS: We identified 19 reviews of which most were of moderate methodological quality. Determinants that were studied most frequently among all ages and demonstrated evidence suggesting a positive association to PA were younger age, being male, higher health status, and higher physical fitness levels. Among adults, normal birth weight was found to be positively associated to PA with convincing strength of evidence, while findings among adolescents were inconsistent and with limited strength of evidence.
CONCLUSIONS: Different social or behavioral factors may contribute to the decrease of PA with age and among females versus males, and creating programmes targeted at diverse ages, female population, and adults with abnormal birth weight is recommended. Future studies should use prospective study designs, standardized definitions of PA, and objective measurement methods of PA assessment.},
  articleno    = {2},
  author       = {Aleksovska, Katina and Puggina, Anna and Giraldi, Luca and Buck, Christoph and Burns, Con and Cardon, Greet and Carlin, Angela and Chantal, Simon and Ciarapica, Donatella and Colotto, Marco and Condello, Giancarlo and Coppinger, Tara and Cortis, Cristina and D'Haese, Sara and De Craemer, Marieke and Di Blasio, Andrea and Hansen, Sylvia and Iacoviello, Licia and Issartel, Johann and Izzicupo, Pascal and Jaeschke, Lina and Kanning, Martina and Kennedy, Aileen and Ling, Fiona and Luzak, Agnes and Napolitano, Giorgio and Nazare, Julie-Anne and Perchoux, Camille and Pischon, Tobias and Polito, Angela and Sannella, Alessandra and Schulz, Holger and Sohun, Rhoda and Steinbrecher, Astrid and Schlicht, Wolfgang and Ricciardi, Walter and MacDonncha, Ciaran and Capranica, Laura and Boccia, Stefania},
  issn         = {2198-9761},
  journal      = {SPORTS MEDICINE : OPEN},
  keywords     = {physical activity & health},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {18},
  title        = {Biological determinants of physical activity across the life course : a 'Determinants of Diet and Physical Activity' (DEDIPAC) umbrella systematic literature review},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40798-018-0173-9},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2019},
}

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