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Comparative life cycle assessment of magnesium binders as an alternative for hemp concrete

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Abstract
To counter the negative environmental impact, particularly greenhouse gas emission generated by the construction industry, many low-impact materials are being produced and researched having neutral CO2 emissions and low thermal conductivity. One of these materials is lime-hemp concrete, a self-bearing bio-based insulation material with low thermal conductivity and good CO2 uptake but with weak mechanical properties. In this study alternative magnesium binders are proposed to substitute the traditionally used lime binder in hemp concrete, comparing the environmental impact of these binder composites. To make the comparison, experimental mixtures with both traditionally used and alternative binder composites were produced and their mechanical and thermal properties tested. The magnesium binders showed promising results as these composites were approximately two times stronger, having similar density and thermal conductivity. Afterwards the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) was carried out to evaluate and compare the environmental impact of all tested composites. Lime based binder composites achieved negative CO2 emissions, varying from -46.5 to -68.6 kg CO2/m(3). Alternative binder, magnesium phosphate cement, demonstrated significantly greater environmental impact than all other binders due to its hardener, potassium phosphate, which is highly energy and resource intensive. Magnesium oxychloride cement showed promising results with bio-based filler, as their combined environmental impact was lower in most categories compared to lime-hemp concrete, and negative CO2 emissions of -37.38 kg CO2/m(3) were achieved. These negative CO2 emissions were achieved with biogenic CO2 uptake from hemp growth and low binder content, thus achieving low thermal conductivity of 0.062 W/m(2)*K at 214 kg/m(3) density.
Keywords
POTASSIUM PHOSPHATE CEMENT, CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS, MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES, ASSESSMENT LCA, HYGROTHERMAL PERFORMANCE, BUILDING-MATERIALS, REACTIVE MGO, OXIDE BOARD, CARBON, COMPOSITE, Hemp-lime concrete, Hemperete, Magnesium binders, Life Cycle Assessment, Global Warming Potential, Hemp, Lime

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Chicago
Sinka, Maris, Philip Van den Heede, Nele De Belie, Diana Bajare, Genadijs Sahmenko, and Aleksandrs Korjakins. 2018. “Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Magnesium Binders as an Alternative for Hemp Concrete.” Resources Conservation and Recycling 133: 288–299.
APA
Sinka, M., Van den Heede, P., De Belie, N., Bajare, D., Sahmenko, G., & Korjakins, A. (2018). Comparative life cycle assessment of magnesium binders as an alternative for hemp concrete. RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND RECYCLING, 133, 288–299.
Vancouver
1.
Sinka M, Van den Heede P, De Belie N, Bajare D, Sahmenko G, Korjakins A. Comparative life cycle assessment of magnesium binders as an alternative for hemp concrete. RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND RECYCLING. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Bv; 2018;133:288–99.
MLA
Sinka, Maris et al. “Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Magnesium Binders as an Alternative for Hemp Concrete.” RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND RECYCLING 133 (2018): 288–299. Print.
@article{8591221,
  abstract     = {To counter the negative environmental impact, particularly greenhouse gas emission generated by the construction industry, many low-impact materials are being produced and researched having neutral CO2 emissions and low thermal conductivity. One of these materials is lime-hemp concrete, a self-bearing bio-based insulation material with low thermal conductivity and good CO2 uptake but with weak mechanical properties. In this study alternative magnesium binders are proposed to substitute the traditionally used lime binder in hemp concrete, comparing the environmental impact of these binder composites. To make the comparison, experimental mixtures with both traditionally used and alternative binder composites were produced and their mechanical and thermal properties tested. The magnesium binders showed promising results as these composites were approximately two times stronger, having similar density and thermal conductivity. Afterwards the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) was carried out to evaluate and compare the environmental impact of all tested composites. Lime based binder composites achieved negative CO2 emissions, varying from -46.5 to -68.6 kg CO2/m(3). Alternative binder, magnesium phosphate cement, demonstrated significantly greater environmental impact than all other binders due to its hardener, potassium phosphate, which is highly energy and resource intensive. Magnesium oxychloride cement showed promising results with bio-based filler, as their combined environmental impact was lower in most categories compared to lime-hemp concrete, and negative CO2 emissions of -37.38 kg CO2/m(3) were achieved. These negative CO2 emissions were achieved with biogenic CO2 uptake from hemp growth and low binder content, thus achieving low thermal conductivity of 0.062 W/m(2)*K at 214 kg/m(3) density.},
  author       = {Sinka, Maris and Van den Heede, Philip and De Belie, Nele and Bajare, Diana and Sahmenko, Genadijs and Korjakins, Aleksandrs},
  issn         = {0921-3449},
  journal      = {RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND RECYCLING},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {288--299},
  publisher    = {Elsevier Science Bv},
  title        = {Comparative life cycle assessment of magnesium binders as an alternative for hemp concrete},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2018.02.024},
  volume       = {133},
  year         = {2018},
}

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