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Surface species during ALD of platinum observed with in situ reflection IR spectroscopy

(2018) PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS. 20(39). p.25343-25356
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Abstract
Thermal atomic layer deposition (ALD) and plasma-enhanced ALD (PE-ALD) of Pt, using MeCpPtMe3 as the precursor and O-2 gas or O-2 plasma as the reactant, are studied with in situ reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) at different substrate temperatures. This is done to identify the functional groups present during Pt ALD and investigate the origin of the temperature dependent growth rate of the thermal process. Evidence is given that CH and C?C containing species are present on the surface after precursor exposure at low substrate temperatures (<150 degrees C), poisoning the surface during thermal ALD. Both species are removed by O-2 plasma enabling PE-ALD below 150 degrees C through combustion reactions. Above 150 degrees C, no CH stretching modes were detected and the C?C vibration diminished, indicating dehydrogenation reactions and ligand restructuring. In addition, the PE-ALD FTIR spectra revealed the presence of combustion reaction products on the surface after precursor exposure. These were removed during the reactant exposure and during this exposure the formation of surface OH groups was found for both high and low substrate temperatures. We conclude that the decrease in the growth rate for the thermal process is caused by the inability of the surface to properly dehydrogenate and restructure the poisoning precursor ligands.
Keywords
ATOMIC LAYER DEPOSITION, MEMBRANE FUEL-CELLS, INFRARED-SPECTROSCOPY, VIBRATIONAL-SPECTRA, PT(111) SURFACE, OXIDATION, CATALYSTS, HYDROGEN, OXYGEN, FILMS

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Chicago
Van Daele, Michiel, Christophe Detavernier, and Jolien Dendooven. 2018. “Surface Species During ALD of Platinum Observed with in Situ Reflection IR Spectroscopy.” Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 20 (39): 25343–25356.
APA
Van Daele, Michiel, Detavernier, C., & Dendooven, J. (2018). Surface species during ALD of platinum observed with in situ reflection IR spectroscopy. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 20(39), 25343–25356.
Vancouver
1.
Van Daele M, Detavernier C, Dendooven J. Surface species during ALD of platinum observed with in situ reflection IR spectroscopy. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS. 2018;20(39):25343–56.
MLA
Van Daele, Michiel, Christophe Detavernier, and Jolien Dendooven. “Surface Species During ALD of Platinum Observed with in Situ Reflection IR Spectroscopy.” PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS 20.39 (2018): 25343–25356. Print.
@article{8590134,
  abstract     = {Thermal atomic layer deposition (ALD) and plasma-enhanced ALD (PE-ALD) of Pt, using MeCpPtMe3 as the precursor and O-2 gas or O-2 plasma as the reactant, are studied with in situ reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) at different substrate temperatures. This is done to identify the functional groups present during Pt ALD and investigate the origin of the temperature dependent growth rate of the thermal process. Evidence is given that CH and C?C containing species are present on the surface after precursor exposure at low substrate temperatures ({\textlangle}150 degrees C), poisoning the surface during thermal ALD. Both species are removed by O-2 plasma enabling PE-ALD below 150 degrees C through combustion reactions. Above 150 degrees C, no CH stretching modes were detected and the C?C vibration diminished, indicating dehydrogenation reactions and ligand restructuring. In addition, the PE-ALD FTIR spectra revealed the presence of combustion reaction products on the surface after precursor exposure. These were removed during the reactant exposure and during this exposure the formation of surface OH groups was found for both high and low substrate temperatures. We conclude that the decrease in the growth rate for the thermal process is caused by the inability of the surface to properly dehydrogenate and restructure the poisoning precursor ligands.},
  author       = {Van Daele, Michiel and Detavernier, Christophe and Dendooven, Jolien},
  issn         = {1463-9076},
  journal      = {PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {39},
  pages        = {25343--25356},
  title        = {Surface species during ALD of platinum observed with in situ reflection IR spectroscopy},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8cp03585g},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2018},
}

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