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Multifocal osteomyelitis and abdominal abscessation in a warmblood foal

Lise Rasmussen, Katrien Vanderperren (UGent) , Ellen Paulussen (UGent) , Gunther van Loon (UGent) , Jimmy Saunders (UGent) and Els Raes (UGent)
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Abstract
To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report, in which a simultaneous occurrence of Salmonella-associated multifocal osteomyelitis and intra-abdominal abscessation in a foal presenting with weight loss, diarrhea and fever is described. No evidence of failure of passive immune transfer had been present at birth. Radiographic examination revealed multifocal type P osteomyelitis. Bacterial culture of synovial fluid revealed a Salmonella spp. Antibiotic treatment was adjusted based on the sensitivity results; however without clinical improvement. The foal developed abscess formations within the left femoral region, and finally a Salter Harris type I fracture of the left femur. Euthanasia was elected based on this finding. Post-mortem computed tomography revealed a large mass within the caudal abdomen that extended into the left pelvic and hind limb region, as well as multifocal osteomyelitis. Pathological examination identified the mass as a large abscess with multiple fistula tracts. Salmonella spp. was additionally cultured postmortem.
Keywords
SEPTIC ARTHRITIS, RHODOCOCCUS-EQUI, COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY, ADULT HORSES, ULTRASOUND, INFECTION, BLOOD

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Chicago
Rasmussen, Lise, Katrien Vanderperren, Ellen Paulussen, Gunther van Loon, Jimmy Saunders, and Els Raes. 2018. “Multifocal Osteomyelitis and Abdominal Abscessation in a Warmblood Foal.” Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift 87 (4): 220–227.
APA
Rasmussen, L., Vanderperren, K., Paulussen, E., van Loon, G., Saunders, J., & Raes, E. (2018). Multifocal osteomyelitis and abdominal abscessation in a warmblood foal. VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT, 87(4), 220–227.
Vancouver
1.
Rasmussen L, Vanderperren K, Paulussen E, van Loon G, Saunders J, Raes E. Multifocal osteomyelitis and abdominal abscessation in a warmblood foal. VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT. 2018;87(4):220–7.
MLA
Rasmussen, Lise, Katrien Vanderperren, Ellen Paulussen, et al. “Multifocal Osteomyelitis and Abdominal Abscessation in a Warmblood Foal.” VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT 87.4 (2018): 220–227. Print.
@article{8589668,
  abstract     = {To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report, in which a simultaneous occurrence of Salmonella-associated multifocal osteomyelitis and intra-abdominal abscessation in a foal presenting with weight loss, diarrhea and fever is described. No evidence of failure of passive immune transfer had been present at birth. Radiographic examination revealed multifocal type P osteomyelitis. Bacterial culture of synovial fluid revealed a Salmonella spp. Antibiotic treatment was adjusted based on the sensitivity results; however without clinical improvement. The foal developed abscess formations within the left femoral region, and finally a Salter Harris type I fracture of the left femur. Euthanasia was elected based on this finding. Post-mortem computed tomography revealed a large mass within the caudal abdomen that extended into the left pelvic and hind limb region, as well as multifocal osteomyelitis.
Pathological examination identified the mass as a large abscess with multiple fistula tracts. Salmonella spp. was additionally cultured postmortem.},
  author       = {Rasmussen, Lise and Vanderperren, Katrien and Paulussen, Ellen and van Loon, Gunther and Saunders, Jimmy and Raes, Els},
  issn         = {0303-9021},
  journal      = {VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT},
  keywords     = {SEPTIC ARTHRITIS,RHODOCOCCUS-EQUI,COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY,ADULT HORSES,ULTRASOUND,INFECTION,BLOOD},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {220--227},
  title        = {Multifocal osteomyelitis and abdominal abscessation in a warmblood foal},
  volume       = {87},
  year         = {2018},
}

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