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On the origin of puppies : breeding and selling procedures relevant for canine behavioural development

(2019) VETERINARY RECORD. 184(23).
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Abstract
The success of the dog as a companion animal has undeniably led to a shift in dog breeding practices. While effects of inbreeding or large-scale breeding have given rise to numerous studies about potentially related health issues, it remains unclear to what extent behavioural development of dogs is influenced. By investigating the environment of puppies while at the breeder, the authors aimed to make an inventory of current practices regarding management, socialisation and environmental learning and subsequently to identify potential differences between breeder types. The cross-sectional study, conducted during 2016, revealed considerable variability in environment among dog breeders. Small-scale breeders, and especially occasional breeders (less than 10 adult dogs on-site) provided most enrichment, both social and non-social, by, for instance, providing more outdoor access for pregnant dams and puppies or by providing access to visitors more freely. Environmental stimuli were less controlled in occasional breeders, raising the debate about quantity versus quality of stimuli at a young age. Large-scale breeders declared to screen potential owners less intensely and time to advise them was limited. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first study that compares a large number of environmental factors between the different dog breeding categories.
Keywords
GERMAN-SHEPHERD DOGS, INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, MATERNAL-CARE, ENVIRONMENTAL ENRICHMENT, SOCIALIZATION PRACTICES, SOCIAL-BEHAVIOR, RISK-FACTORS, STRESS, ATTACHMENT, MOTHER

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Citation

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MLA
Dendoncker, Pierre-Alexandre, et al. “On the Origin of Puppies : Breeding and Selling Procedures Relevant for Canine Behavioural Development.” VETERINARY RECORD, vol. 184, no. 23, 2019.
APA
Dendoncker, P.-A., De Keuster, T., Diederich, C., Dewulf, J., & Moons, C. (2019). On the origin of puppies : breeding and selling procedures relevant for canine behavioural development. VETERINARY RECORD, 184(23).
Chicago author-date
Dendoncker, Pierre-Alexandre, Tiny De Keuster, Claire Diederich, Jeroen Dewulf, and Christel Moons. 2019. “On the Origin of Puppies : Breeding and Selling Procedures Relevant for Canine Behavioural Development.” VETERINARY RECORD 184 (23).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Dendoncker, Pierre-Alexandre, Tiny De Keuster, Claire Diederich, Jeroen Dewulf, and Christel Moons. 2019. “On the Origin of Puppies : Breeding and Selling Procedures Relevant for Canine Behavioural Development.” VETERINARY RECORD 184 (23).
Vancouver
1.
Dendoncker P-A, De Keuster T, Diederich C, Dewulf J, Moons C. On the origin of puppies : breeding and selling procedures relevant for canine behavioural development. VETERINARY RECORD. 2019;184(23).
IEEE
[1]
P.-A. Dendoncker, T. De Keuster, C. Diederich, J. Dewulf, and C. Moons, “On the origin of puppies : breeding and selling procedures relevant for canine behavioural development,” VETERINARY RECORD, vol. 184, no. 23, 2019.
@article{8589115,
  abstract     = {The success of the dog as a companion animal has undeniably led to a shift in dog breeding practices. While effects of inbreeding or large-scale breeding have given rise to numerous studies about potentially related health issues, it remains unclear to what extent behavioural development of dogs is influenced. By investigating the environment of puppies while at the breeder, the authors aimed to make an inventory of current practices regarding management, socialisation and environmental learning and subsequently to identify potential differences between breeder types. The cross-sectional study, conducted during 2016, revealed considerable variability in environment among dog breeders. Small-scale breeders, and especially occasional breeders (less than 10 adult dogs on-site) provided most enrichment, both social and non-social, by, for instance, providing more outdoor access for pregnant dams and puppies or by providing access to visitors more freely. Environmental stimuli were less controlled in occasional breeders, raising the debate about quantity versus quality of stimuli at a young age. Large-scale breeders declared to screen potential owners less intensely and time to advise them was limited. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first study that compares a large number of environmental factors between the different dog breeding categories.},
  articleno    = {710},
  author       = {Dendoncker, Pierre-Alexandre and De Keuster, Tiny and Diederich, Claire and Dewulf, Jeroen and Moons, Christel},
  issn         = {0042-4900},
  journal      = {VETERINARY RECORD},
  keywords     = {GERMAN-SHEPHERD DOGS,INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES,MATERNAL-CARE,ENVIRONMENTAL ENRICHMENT,SOCIALIZATION PRACTICES,SOCIAL-BEHAVIOR,RISK-FACTORS,STRESS,ATTACHMENT,MOTHER},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {23},
  pages        = {9},
  title        = {On the origin of puppies : breeding and selling procedures relevant for canine behavioural development},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.104979},
  volume       = {184},
  year         = {2019},
}

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