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“Burkini” bans in Belgian municipal swimming pools : banning as a default option

Eva Brems (UGent) , Saïla Ouald Chaib (UGent) and Katrijn Vanhees (UGent)
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Abstract
Muslim women’s religious dress is a matter that exercises many minds and the recent public debate on the so-called “burkini” (preferably phrased as “body covering swimwear”) is the umpteenth variation on the theme. Following the French commotion on the presence of “burkini” wearers at the coast in 2016, the “burkini” became the subject of public debate in Belgium. Whereas the “burkini” did not cause much public unrest in the context of the Belgian coast, the majority of local swimming pools in the Flemish region of Belgium do have dress codes banning the “burkini”, even before the (inter)national media outcry. This article discusses the prevalence of these restrictive dress regulations and scrutinizes the rationalisation behind local “burkini” bans in municipal swimming pools. These findings are complemented with the perspectives and experiences of “burkini” wearers, who challenged the “burkini” bans before the court. Finally, this article analyses the “burkini” bans in light of European human rights standards.
Keywords
Religious dress, municipal regulations, swimming pools, discrimination, Flanders, European Court of Human Rights

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Chicago
Brems, Eva, Saïla Ouald Chaib, and Katrijn Vanhees. 2018. “‘Burkini’ Bans in Belgian Municipal Swimming Pools : Banning as a Default Option.” Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights 36 (4): 270–289.
APA
Brems, Eva, Ouald Chaib, S., & Vanhees, K. (2018). “Burkini” bans in Belgian municipal swimming pools : banning as a default option. NETHERLANDS QUARTERLY OF HUMAN RIGHTS, 36(4), 270–289.
Vancouver
1.
Brems E, Ouald Chaib S, Vanhees K. “Burkini” bans in Belgian municipal swimming pools : banning as a default option. NETHERLANDS QUARTERLY OF HUMAN RIGHTS. SAGE Publications; 2018;36(4):270–89.
MLA
Brems, Eva, Saïla Ouald Chaib, and Katrijn Vanhees. “‘Burkini’ Bans in Belgian Municipal Swimming Pools : Banning as a Default Option.” NETHERLANDS QUARTERLY OF HUMAN RIGHTS 36.4 (2018): 270–289. Print.
@article{8588423,
  abstract     = {Muslim women{\textquoteright}s religious dress is a matter that exercises many minds and the recent public debate on the so-called {\textquotedblleft}burkini{\textquotedblright} (preferably phrased as {\textquotedblleft}body covering swimwear{\textquotedblright}) is the umpteenth variation on the theme. Following the French commotion on the presence of {\textquotedblleft}burkini{\textquotedblright} wearers at the coast in 2016, the {\textquotedblleft}burkini{\textquotedblright} became the subject of public debate in Belgium. Whereas the {\textquotedblleft}burkini{\textquotedblright} did not cause much public unrest in the context of the Belgian coast, the majority of local swimming pools in the Flemish region of Belgium do have dress codes banning the {\textquotedblleft}burkini{\textquotedblright}, even before the (inter)national media outcry. This article discusses the prevalence of these restrictive dress regulations and scrutinizes the rationalisation behind local {\textquotedblleft}burkini{\textquotedblright} bans in municipal swimming pools. These findings are complemented with the perspectives and experiences of {\textquotedblleft}burkini{\textquotedblright} wearers, who challenged the {\textquotedblleft}burkini{\textquotedblright} bans before the court. Finally, this article analyses the {\textquotedblleft}burkini{\textquotedblright} bans in light of European human rights standards.},
  author       = {Brems, Eva and Ouald Chaib, Sa{\"i}la and Vanhees, Katrijn},
  issn         = {0924-0519},
  journal      = {NETHERLANDS QUARTERLY OF HUMAN RIGHTS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {270--289},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications},
  title        = {{\textquotedblleft}Burkini{\textquotedblright} bans in Belgian municipal swimming pools : banning as a default option},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0924051918801613},
  volume       = {36},
  year         = {2018},
}

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