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Framework, principles and recommendations for utilising participatory methodologies in the co-creation and evaluation of public health interventions

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Abstract
Background: Due to the chronic disease burden on society, there is a need for preventive public health interventions to stimulate society towards a healthier lifestyle. To deal with the complex variability between individual lifestyles and settings, collaborating with end-users to develop interventions tailored to their unique circumstances has been suggested as a potential way to improve effectiveness and adherence. Co-creation of public health interventions using participatory methodologies has shown promise but lacks a framework to make this process systematic. The aim of this paper was to identify and set key principles and recommendations for systematically applying participatory methodologies to co-create and evaluate public health interventions. Methods: These principles and recommendations were derived using an iterative reflection process, combining key learning from published literature in addition to critical reflection on three case studies conducted by research groups in three European institutions, all of whom have expertise in co-creating public health interventions using different participatory methodologies. Results: Key principles and recommendations for using participatory methodologies in public health intervention co-creation are presented for the stages of: Planning (framing the aim of the study and identifying the appropriate sampling strategy); Conducting (defining the procedure, in addition to manifesting ownership); Evaluating (the process and the effectiveness) and Reporting (providing guidelines to report the findings). Three scaling models are proposed to demonstrate how to scale locally developed interventions to a population level. Conclusions: These recommendations aim to facilitate public health intervention co-creation and evaluation utilising participatory methodologies by ensuring the process is systematic and reproducible.
Keywords
physical activity & health, Tailored intervention, Co-creation, Public health, Participation, Reflective learning

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Chicago
Leask, Calum , Marlene Sandlund, Dawn Skelton, Teatske Altenburg, Greet Cardon, Mai Chinapaw, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Maïté Verloigne, and Sebastien Chastin. 2019. “Framework, Principles and Recommendations for Utilising Participatory Methodologies in the Co-creation and Evaluation of Public Health Interventions.” Research Involvement and Engagement 5 (1).
APA
Leask, C., Sandlund, M., Skelton, D., Altenburg, T., Cardon, G., Chinapaw, M., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., et al. (2019). Framework, principles and recommendations for utilising participatory methodologies in the co-creation and evaluation of public health interventions. Research Involvement and Engagement, 5(1).
Vancouver
1.
Leask C, Sandlund M, Skelton D, Altenburg T, Cardon G, Chinapaw M, et al. Framework, principles and recommendations for utilising participatory methodologies in the co-creation and evaluation of public health interventions. Research Involvement and Engagement. Springer Nature; 2019;5(1).
MLA
Leask, Calum , Marlene Sandlund, Dawn Skelton, et al. “Framework, Principles and Recommendations for Utilising Participatory Methodologies in the Co-creation and Evaluation of Public Health Interventions.” Research Involvement and Engagement 5.1 (2019): n. pag. Print.
@article{8588207,
  abstract     = {Background:
Due to the chronic disease burden on society, there is a need for preventive public health interventions to stimulate society towards a healthier lifestyle. To deal with the complex variability between individual lifestyles and settings, collaborating with end-users to develop interventions tailored to their unique circumstances has been suggested as a potential way to improve effectiveness and adherence. Co-creation of public health interventions using participatory methodologies has shown promise but lacks a framework to make this process systematic. The aim of this paper was to identify and set key principles and recommendations for systematically applying participatory methodologies to co-create and evaluate public health interventions.

Methods:
These principles and recommendations were derived using an iterative reflection process, combining key learning from published literature in addition to critical reflection on three case studies conducted by research groups in three European institutions, all of whom have expertise in co-creating public health interventions using different participatory methodologies.

Results:
Key principles and recommendations for using participatory methodologies in public health intervention co-creation are presented for the stages of: Planning (framing the aim of the study and identifying the appropriate sampling strategy); Conducting (defining the procedure, in addition to manifesting ownership); Evaluating (the process and the effectiveness) and Reporting (providing guidelines to report the findings). Three scaling models are proposed to demonstrate how to scale locally developed interventions to a population level.

Conclusions:
These recommendations aim to facilitate public health intervention co-creation and evaluation utilising participatory methodologies by ensuring the process is systematic and reproducible.},
  author       = {Leask, Calum  and Sandlund, Marlene and Skelton, Dawn and Altenburg, Teatske and Cardon, Greet and Chinapaw, Mai  and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Verloigne, Ma{\"i}t{\'e} and Chastin, Sebastien},
  issn         = {2056-7529},
  journal      = {Research Involvement and Engagement},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {16},
  publisher    = {Springer Nature},
  title        = {Framework, principles and recommendations for utilising participatory methodologies in the co-creation and evaluation of public health interventions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40900-018-0136-9},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2019},
}

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