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Personality disorders in previously detained adolescent females : a prospective study

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Abstract
This longitudinal study investigated the predictive value of trauma and mental health problems for the development of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) in previously detained women. The participants were 229 detained adolescent females who were assessed for traumatic experiences and mental health problems (mean age = 15.5 years). Three to 6 years later (M = 4.5; SD = 0.6), ASPD and BPD were diagnosed with a semistructured interview. Forty percent of the women had a personality disorder (i.e., ASPD 15.8%, BPD 9.2%, or both ASPD and BPD 15.2%). Posttraumatic stress, depressive symptoms, and dissociation during detention increased the risk for BPD in adulthood. Surprisingly, neither conduct problems nor substance dependence predicted ASPD; these findings require further study because they add to the controversy surrounding ASPD in females. The high prevalence rates of personality disorders indicate the need for intervention programs that target these unwanted outcomes.
Keywords
POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER, BECK DEPRESSION INVENTORY, MENTAL-HEALTH, PROBLEMS, JUVENILE DETENTION, DIFFICULTIES QUESTIONNAIRE, PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDERS, INCARCERATED YOUTH, ANXIETY DISORDERS, YOUNG, ADULTHOOD, RISK-FACTOR, forensic, cluster B personality disorders, Axis II, precursors, psychopathology, abuse, gender

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Chicago
Krabbendam, Anne A., Olivier Colins, Theo A. H. Doreleijers, Elsa van der Molen, Aartjan T. F. Beekman, and Robert R. J. M. Vermeiren. 2015. “Personality Disorders in Previously Detained Adolescent Females : a Prospective Study.” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 85 (1): 63–71.
APA
Krabbendam, A. A., Colins, O., Doreleijers, T. A. H., van der Molen, E., Beekman, A. T. F., & Vermeiren, R. R. J. M. (2015). Personality disorders in previously detained adolescent females : a prospective study. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ORTHOPSYCHIATRY, 85(1), 63–71.
Vancouver
1.
Krabbendam AA, Colins O, Doreleijers TAH, van der Molen E, Beekman ATF, Vermeiren RRJM. Personality disorders in previously detained adolescent females : a prospective study. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ORTHOPSYCHIATRY. Washington: Amer Psychological Assoc; 2015;85(1):63–71.
MLA
Krabbendam, Anne A. et al. “Personality Disorders in Previously Detained Adolescent Females : a Prospective Study.” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ORTHOPSYCHIATRY 85.1 (2015): 63–71. Print.
@article{8588117,
  abstract     = {This longitudinal study investigated the predictive value of trauma and mental health problems for the development of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) in previously detained women. The participants were 229 detained adolescent females who were assessed for traumatic experiences and mental health problems (mean age = 15.5 years). Three to 6 years later (M = 4.5; SD = 0.6), ASPD and BPD were diagnosed with a semistructured interview. Forty percent of the women had a personality disorder (i.e., ASPD 15.8%, BPD 9.2%, or both ASPD and BPD 15.2%). Posttraumatic stress, depressive symptoms, and dissociation during detention increased the risk for BPD in adulthood. Surprisingly, neither conduct problems nor substance dependence predicted ASPD; these findings require further study because they add to the controversy surrounding ASPD in females. The high prevalence rates of personality disorders indicate the need for intervention programs that target these unwanted outcomes.},
  author       = {Krabbendam, Anne A. and Colins, Olivier and Doreleijers, Theo A. H. and van der Molen, Elsa and Beekman, Aartjan T. F. and Vermeiren, Robert R. J. M.},
  issn         = {0002-9432},
  journal      = {AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ORTHOPSYCHIATRY},
  keywords     = {POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER,BECK DEPRESSION INVENTORY,MENTAL-HEALTH,PROBLEMS,JUVENILE DETENTION,DIFFICULTIES QUESTIONNAIRE,PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDERS,INCARCERATED YOUTH,ANXIETY DISORDERS,YOUNG,ADULTHOOD,RISK-FACTOR,forensic,cluster B personality disorders,Axis II,precursors,psychopathology,abuse,gender},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {63--71},
  publisher    = {Amer Psychological Assoc},
  title        = {Personality disorders in previously detained adolescent females : a prospective study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ort0000032},
  volume       = {85},
  year         = {2015},
}

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