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Mental disorders in juveniles who sexually offended : a meta-analysis

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Organization
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to establish the prevalence of mental disorders in juveniles who sexually offended (JSOs). A meta-analysis was performed based on studies reporting on the prevalence rates of mental disorders in JSOs. Furthermore, differences in mental disorders between JSOs and juveniles who offended non-sexually (non-JSOs) were assessed. In total, 21 studies reporting on mental disorders in 2951 JSOs and 18,688 non-JSOs were included. In the total group of JSOs, 69% met the criteria for at least one mental disorder; comorbidity was present in 44%. The most common externalizing and internalizing disorders were respectively conduct disorder (CD; 51%) and anxiety disorder (18%). Compared to non-JSOs, JSOs were less often diagnosed with a Disruptive Behavior Disorder (DBD, i.e., CD and/or Oppositional Deviant Disorder [ODD]), an Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and a Substance Use Disorder (SUD). No significant differences were found for internalizing disorders. In conclusion, although the prevalence of externalizing disorders is higher in non-JSOs, mental disorders are highly prevalent in JSOs. Even though results of the current meta-analysis may overestimate prevalence rates (e.g., due to publication bias), screening of JSOs should focus on mental disorders. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords
DETAINED MALE-ADOLESCENTS, YOUNG SEX OFFENDERS, PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDERS, RISK-FACTORS, REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLE, SUBSTANCE-ABUSE, RECIDIVISM, HEALTH, OFFENSES, YOUTH, Juveniles who sexually offended, Mental disorders, Meta-analysis

Citation

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MLA
Boonmann, Cyril et al. “Mental Disorders in Juveniles Who Sexually Offended : a Meta-analysis.” AGGRESSION AND VIOLENT BEHAVIOR 24 (2015): 241–249. Print.
APA
Boonmann, C., van Vugt, L. S., Jansen, L. M. C., Colins, O., Doreleijers, T. A. H., Stams, G.-J. J. M., & Vermeiren, R. R. J. M. (2015). Mental disorders in juveniles who sexually offended : a meta-analysis. AGGRESSION AND VIOLENT BEHAVIOR, 24, 241–249.
Chicago author-date
Boonmann, Cyril, Line S. van Vugt, Lucres M. C. Jansen, Olivier Colins, Theo A. H. Doreleijers, Geert-Jan J. M. Stams, and Robert R. J. M. Vermeiren. 2015. “Mental Disorders in Juveniles Who Sexually Offended : a Meta-analysis.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 24: 241–249.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Boonmann, Cyril, Line S. van Vugt, Lucres M. C. Jansen, Olivier Colins, Theo A. H. Doreleijers, Geert-Jan J. M. Stams, and Robert R. J. M. Vermeiren. 2015. “Mental Disorders in Juveniles Who Sexually Offended : a Meta-analysis.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 24: 241–249.
Vancouver
1.
Boonmann C, van Vugt LS, Jansen LMC, Colins O, Doreleijers TAH, Stams G-JJM, et al. Mental disorders in juveniles who sexually offended : a meta-analysis. AGGRESSION AND VIOLENT BEHAVIOR. Oxford: Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd; 2015;24:241–9.
IEEE
[1]
C. Boonmann et al., “Mental disorders in juveniles who sexually offended : a meta-analysis,” AGGRESSION AND VIOLENT BEHAVIOR, vol. 24, pp. 241–249, 2015.
@article{8588109,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this study was to establish the prevalence of mental disorders in juveniles who sexually offended (JSOs). A meta-analysis was performed based on studies reporting on the prevalence rates of mental disorders in JSOs. Furthermore, differences in mental disorders between JSOs and juveniles who offended non-sexually (non-JSOs) were assessed. In total, 21 studies reporting on mental disorders in 2951 JSOs and 18,688 non-JSOs were included. In the total group of JSOs, 69% met the criteria for at least one mental disorder; comorbidity was present in 44%. The most common externalizing and internalizing disorders were respectively conduct disorder (CD; 51%) and anxiety disorder (18%). Compared to non-JSOs, JSOs were less often diagnosed with a Disruptive Behavior Disorder (DBD, i.e., CD and/or Oppositional Deviant Disorder [ODD]), an Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and a Substance Use Disorder (SUD). No significant differences were found for internalizing disorders. In conclusion, although the prevalence of externalizing disorders is higher in non-JSOs, mental disorders are highly prevalent in JSOs. Even though results of the current meta-analysis may overestimate prevalence rates (e.g., due to publication bias), screening of JSOs should focus on mental disorders. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Boonmann, Cyril and van Vugt, Line S. and Jansen, Lucres M. C. and Colins, Olivier and Doreleijers, Theo A. H. and Stams, Geert-Jan J. M. and Vermeiren, Robert R. J. M.},
  issn         = {1359-1789},
  journal      = {AGGRESSION AND VIOLENT BEHAVIOR},
  keywords     = {DETAINED MALE-ADOLESCENTS,YOUNG SEX OFFENDERS,PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDERS,RISK-FACTORS,REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLE,SUBSTANCE-ABUSE,RECIDIVISM,HEALTH,OFFENSES,YOUTH,Juveniles who sexually offended,Mental disorders,Meta-analysis},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {241--249},
  publisher    = {Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd},
  title        = {Mental disorders in juveniles who sexually offended : a meta-analysis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2015.06.003},
  volume       = {24},
  year         = {2015},
}

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