Advanced search

Psychopathic personality traits in 5 year old twins : the importance of genetic and shared environmental influences

Author
Organization
Abstract
There is limited research on the genetic and environmental bases of psychopathic personality traits in children. In this study, psychopathic personality traits were assessed in a total of 1189 5-year-old boys and girls drawn from the Preschool Twin Study in Sweden. Psychopathic personality traits were assessed with the Child Problematic Traits Inventory, a teacher-report measure of psychopathic personality traits in children ranging from 3 to 12 years old. Univariate results showed that genetic influences accounted for 57, 25, and 74 % of the variance in the grandiose-deceitful, callous-unemotional, and impulsive-need for stimulation dimensions, while the shared environment accounted for 17, 48 and 9 % (n.s.) in grandiose-deceitful and callous-unemotional, impulsive-need for stimulation dimensions, respectively. No sex differences were found in the genetic and environmental variance components. The non-shared environment accounted for the remaining 26, 27 and 17 % of the variance, respectively. The three dimensions of psychopathic personality were moderately correlated (0.54-0.66) and these correlations were primarily mediated by genetic and shared environmental factors. In contrast to research conducted with adolescent and adult twins, we found that both genetic and shared environmental factors influenced psychopathic personality traits in early childhood. These findings indicate that etiological models of psychopathic personality traits would benefit by taking developmental stages and processes into consideration.
Keywords
CALLOUS-UNEMOTIONAL TRAITS, ANTISOCIAL-BEHAVIOR, COMMUNITY SAMPLE, CONDUCT PROBLEMS, FLEDGLING PSYCHOPATHY, MID-ADOLESCENCE, FACTOR, EXPLAINS, MENTAL-HEALTH, CHILDREN, HERITABILITY, Psychopathic personality traits, Heritability, Teacher ratings, Childhood

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Tuvblad, Catherine, Kostas A. Fanti, Henrik Andershed, Olivier Colins, and Henrik Larsson. 2017. “Psychopathic Personality Traits in 5 Year Old Twins : the Importance of Genetic and Shared Environmental Influences.” European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 26 (4): 469–479.
APA
Tuvblad, C., Fanti, K. A., Andershed, H., Colins, O., & Larsson, H. (2017). Psychopathic personality traits in 5 year old twins : the importance of genetic and shared environmental influences. EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY, 26(4), 469–479.
Vancouver
1.
Tuvblad C, Fanti KA, Andershed H, Colins O, Larsson H. Psychopathic personality traits in 5 year old twins : the importance of genetic and shared environmental influences. EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY. New york: Springer; 2017;26(4):469–79.
MLA
Tuvblad, Catherine et al. “Psychopathic Personality Traits in 5 Year Old Twins : the Importance of Genetic and Shared Environmental Influences.” EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY 26.4 (2017): 469–479. Print.
@article{8588080,
  abstract     = {There is limited research on the genetic and environmental bases of psychopathic personality traits in children. In this study, psychopathic personality traits were assessed in a total of 1189 5-year-old boys and girls drawn from the Preschool Twin Study in Sweden. Psychopathic personality traits were assessed with the Child Problematic Traits Inventory, a teacher-report measure of psychopathic personality traits in children ranging from 3 to 12 years old. Univariate results showed that genetic influences accounted for 57, 25, and 74 % of the variance in the grandiose-deceitful, callous-unemotional, and impulsive-need for stimulation dimensions, while the shared environment accounted for 17, 48 and 9 % (n.s.) in grandiose-deceitful and callous-unemotional, impulsive-need for stimulation dimensions, respectively. No sex differences were found in the genetic and environmental variance components. The non-shared environment accounted for the remaining 26, 27 and 17 % of the variance, respectively. The three dimensions of psychopathic personality were moderately correlated (0.54-0.66) and these correlations were primarily mediated by genetic and shared environmental factors. In contrast to research conducted with adolescent and adult twins, we found that both genetic and shared environmental factors influenced psychopathic personality traits in early childhood. These findings indicate that etiological models of psychopathic personality traits would benefit by taking developmental stages and processes into consideration.},
  author       = {Tuvblad, Catherine and Fanti, Kostas A. and Andershed, Henrik and Colins, Olivier and Larsson, Henrik},
  issn         = {1018-8827},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY},
  keywords     = {CALLOUS-UNEMOTIONAL TRAITS,ANTISOCIAL-BEHAVIOR,COMMUNITY SAMPLE,CONDUCT PROBLEMS,FLEDGLING PSYCHOPATHY,MID-ADOLESCENCE,FACTOR,EXPLAINS,MENTAL-HEALTH,CHILDREN,HERITABILITY,Psychopathic personality traits,Heritability,Teacher ratings,Childhood},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {469--479},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  title        = {Psychopathic personality traits in 5 year old twins : the importance of genetic and shared environmental influences},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-016-0899-1},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2017},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: