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The inter-rater reliability of observing aggression : a systematic literature review

Author
Organization
Abstract
Introduction: Both clinicians and researchers value observation as an important source of diagnostic information, especially in forensic, mental health and school settings. However, it is not well-known how reliable information collected by means of observation is. Methods: The present study aimed to systematically review the literature on the inter-rater reliability (IRR) of observation of aggression and impulsivity. Results: A total of 37 papers on the observation of aggression that provided information about the IRR was selected and reviewed. Forms of observation ranged from videotaped observation in a lab to participant observation in a naturalistic setting (e.g. with an observer taking part in the situation). Relatively few studies focused on observation of aggression in naturalistic settings. For various reasons, no papers on the observation of impulsivity could be included. Regardless of differences in forms and settings, the IRR of observing aggression was fair to excellent. Conclusion: Different forms of observation (e.g. non-participant, direct) taking place in different settings (e.g. naturalistic or lab) can be executed reliably. This finding is encouraging for clinicians who want to make use of systematic observations in naturalistic settings. However, the relatively sparse research on these naturalistic observations underscores the need for research on the topic.
Keywords
ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY-DISORDER, PHYSICAL AGGRESSION, EARLY-CHILDHOOD, PEER AGGRESSION, PSYCHIATRIC-INPATIENTS, MULTIMETHOD ASSESSMENT, RELATIONAL AGGRESSION, PROACTIVE AGGRESSION, DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR, EMOTIONAL-PROBLEMS, Observation, Measuring aggression, Assessment, Inter-rater reliability, Review

Citation

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MLA
Lampe, Kore G. et al. “The Inter-rater Reliability of Observing Aggression : a Systematic Literature Review.” AGGRESSION AND VIOLENT BEHAVIOR 37 (2017): 12–25. Print.
APA
Lampe, K. G., Mulder, E. A., Colins, O., & Vermeiren, R. R. J. M. (2017). The inter-rater reliability of observing aggression : a systematic literature review. AGGRESSION AND VIOLENT BEHAVIOR, 37, 12–25.
Chicago author-date
Lampe, Kore G., Eva A. Mulder, Olivier Colins, and Robert R. J. M. Vermeiren. 2017. “The Inter-rater Reliability of Observing Aggression : a Systematic Literature Review.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 37: 12–25.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Lampe, Kore G., Eva A. Mulder, Olivier Colins, and Robert R. J. M. Vermeiren. 2017. “The Inter-rater Reliability of Observing Aggression : a Systematic Literature Review.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 37: 12–25.
Vancouver
1.
Lampe KG, Mulder EA, Colins O, Vermeiren RRJM. The inter-rater reliability of observing aggression : a systematic literature review. AGGRESSION AND VIOLENT BEHAVIOR. Oxford: Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd; 2017;37:12–25.
IEEE
[1]
K. G. Lampe, E. A. Mulder, O. Colins, and R. R. J. M. Vermeiren, “The inter-rater reliability of observing aggression : a systematic literature review,” AGGRESSION AND VIOLENT BEHAVIOR, vol. 37, pp. 12–25, 2017.
@article{8588074,
  abstract     = {Introduction: Both clinicians and researchers value observation as an important source of diagnostic information, especially in forensic, mental health and school settings. However, it is not well-known how reliable information collected by means of observation is. Methods: The present study aimed to systematically review the literature on the inter-rater reliability (IRR) of observation of aggression and impulsivity. Results: A total of 37 papers on the observation of aggression that provided information about the IRR was selected and reviewed. Forms of observation ranged from videotaped observation in a lab to participant observation in a naturalistic setting (e.g. with an observer taking part in the situation). Relatively few studies focused on observation of aggression in naturalistic settings. For various reasons, no papers on the observation of impulsivity could be included. Regardless of differences in forms and settings, the IRR of observing aggression was fair to excellent. Conclusion: Different forms of observation (e.g. non-participant, direct) taking place in different settings (e.g. naturalistic or lab) can be executed reliably. This finding is encouraging for clinicians who want to make use of systematic observations in naturalistic settings. However, the relatively sparse research on these naturalistic observations underscores the need for research on the topic.},
  author       = {Lampe, Kore G. and Mulder, Eva A. and Colins, Olivier and Vermeiren, Robert R. J. M.},
  issn         = {1359-1789},
  journal      = {AGGRESSION AND VIOLENT BEHAVIOR},
  keywords     = {ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY-DISORDER,PHYSICAL AGGRESSION,EARLY-CHILDHOOD,PEER AGGRESSION,PSYCHIATRIC-INPATIENTS,MULTIMETHOD ASSESSMENT,RELATIONAL AGGRESSION,PROACTIVE AGGRESSION,DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR,EMOTIONAL-PROBLEMS,Observation,Measuring aggression,Assessment,Inter-rater reliability,Review},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {12--25},
  publisher    = {Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd},
  title        = {The inter-rater reliability of observing aggression : a systematic literature review},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2017.08.001},
  volume       = {37},
  year         = {2017},
}

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