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Childhood aggression : a synthesis of reviews and meta-analyses to reveal patterns and opportunities for prevention and intervention strategies

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Abstract
This study provides a synthesis of meta-analyses and systematic reviews on non-pharmacological treatments for childhood aggression. Treatments referred to universal prevention, selective prevention, indicated prevention, or intervention (Mrazek and Haggerty, 1994). Seventy-two meta-analyses and systematic reviews met the inclusion criteria. We describe their characteristics, effect sizes across types of treatments, and the effects of various moderators. For universal and selective prevention, effects were mostly absent or small; for indicated prevention and interventions, effects were mostly small or medium. Only two moderators had a positive effect on treatment effectiveness, namely pre-test levels of aggression and parental involvement. These results identified similarities between indicated prevention and intervention treatments, on the one hand, and universal prevention and selective prevention, on the other. Our findings suggest that research distinguishing between targets of treatments (i.e., factors associated with childhood aggression vs. present aggressive behaviors) would be promising. Moreover, to further increase effectiveness of treatments for childhood aggression, individual differences warrant scientific attention.
Keywords
POSITIVE PARENTING PROGRAM, COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTIONS, OPPOSITIONAL DEFIANT DISORDER, SCHOOL-BASED INTERVENTIONS, DISRUPTIVE, BEHAVIOR, CONDUCT DISORDER, EXTERNALIZING DISORDERS, ANTISOCIAL-BEHAVIOR, DIFFERENTIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY, PSYCHOSOCIAL, INTERVENTIONS, Childhood aggression, Prevention, Intervention, Meta-analysis, Systematic review

Citation

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MLA
Hendriks, A. M. et al. “Childhood Aggression : a Synthesis of Reviews and Meta-analyses to Reveal Patterns and Opportunities for Prevention and Intervention Strategies.” NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS 91 (2018): 278–291. Print.
APA
Hendriks, A. M., Bartels, M., Colins, O., & Finkenauer, C. (2018). Childhood aggression : a synthesis of reviews and meta-analyses to reveal patterns and opportunities for prevention and intervention strategies. NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS, 91, 278–291.
Chicago author-date
Hendriks, A. M., M. Bartels, Olivier Colins, and C. Finkenauer. 2018. “Childhood Aggression : a Synthesis of Reviews and Meta-analyses to Reveal Patterns and Opportunities for Prevention and Intervention Strategies.” Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 91: 278–291.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Hendriks, A. M., M. Bartels, Olivier Colins, and C. Finkenauer. 2018. “Childhood Aggression : a Synthesis of Reviews and Meta-analyses to Reveal Patterns and Opportunities for Prevention and Intervention Strategies.” Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 91: 278–291.
Vancouver
1.
Hendriks AM, Bartels M, Colins O, Finkenauer C. Childhood aggression : a synthesis of reviews and meta-analyses to reveal patterns and opportunities for prevention and intervention strategies. NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS. Oxford: Elsevier; 2018;91:278–91.
IEEE
[1]
A. M. Hendriks, M. Bartels, O. Colins, and C. Finkenauer, “Childhood aggression : a synthesis of reviews and meta-analyses to reveal patterns and opportunities for prevention and intervention strategies,” NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS, vol. 91, pp. 278–291, 2018.
@article{8588067,
  abstract     = {This study provides a synthesis of meta-analyses and systematic reviews on non-pharmacological treatments for childhood aggression. Treatments referred to universal prevention, selective prevention, indicated prevention, or intervention (Mrazek and Haggerty, 1994). Seventy-two meta-analyses and systematic reviews met the inclusion criteria. We describe their characteristics, effect sizes across types of treatments, and the effects of various moderators. For universal and selective prevention, effects were mostly absent or small; for indicated prevention and interventions, effects were mostly small or medium. Only two moderators had a positive effect on treatment effectiveness, namely pre-test levels of aggression and parental involvement. These results identified similarities between indicated prevention and intervention treatments, on the one hand, and universal prevention and selective prevention, on the other. Our findings suggest that research distinguishing between targets of treatments (i.e., factors associated with childhood aggression vs. present aggressive behaviors) would be promising. Moreover, to further increase effectiveness of treatments for childhood aggression, individual differences warrant scientific attention.},
  author       = {Hendriks, A. M. and Bartels, M. and Colins, Olivier and Finkenauer, C.},
  issn         = {0149-7634},
  journal      = {NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS},
  keywords     = {POSITIVE PARENTING PROGRAM,COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTIONS,OPPOSITIONAL DEFIANT DISORDER,SCHOOL-BASED INTERVENTIONS,DISRUPTIVE,BEHAVIOR,CONDUCT DISORDER,EXTERNALIZING DISORDERS,ANTISOCIAL-BEHAVIOR,DIFFERENTIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY,PSYCHOSOCIAL,INTERVENTIONS,Childhood aggression,Prevention,Intervention,Meta-analysis,Systematic review},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {278--291},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  title        = {Childhood aggression : a synthesis of reviews and meta-analyses to reveal patterns and opportunities for prevention and intervention strategies},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2018.03.021},
  volume       = {91},
  year         = {2018},
}

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