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Mindfulness, worries, and parenting in parents of children with type 1 diabetes

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Abstract
Objective Parents of children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) often experience distress and worries, which may negatively impact their parenting behaviors. The current study investigates parental mindfulness (i.e., an enhanced attention to and awareness of current experiences or present reality) as a resilience mechanism. Using a daily diary approach, the predictive role of parental mindfulness for daily diabetes-related worries was examined, its impact upon protective parenting behaviors, and its buffering role in the relationship between daily worries and protective parenting behaviors. Methods Participants were 56 parents of 40 children with T1D (2–12 years). Trait mindfulness was assessed with the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale. Subsequently, parents completed a diary for 14 consecutive days, assessing parental worries about hypo- and hyperglycemia and general and diabetes-specific parental protective behavior. Results Multilevel analyses showed that parental diabetes-related worries fluctuated substantially across days and positively predicted daily protective behavior. Higher levels of parental mindfulness predicted less daily worries about hypoglycemia and lower engagement in general protective behavior and hypoglycemia avoidance behavior. In addition, the relationship between worries about hyperglycemia and general protective behavior was moderated by parental mindfulness. Conclusions The present findings highlight the importance of daily parental worries in explaining parental protective behaviors on a daily basis. Mindfulness emerged as a promising resilience factor in parents of children with T1D, resulting in less daily worries and protective parenting. These results have important clinical implications and point to the promising role of mindfulness interventions in this context.
Keywords
diabetes, parenting, parent stress

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MLA
Van Gampelaere, Cynthia, et al. “Mindfulness, Worries, and Parenting in Parents of Children with Type 1 Diabetes.” JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 44, no. 4, 2019, pp. 499–508.
APA
Van Gampelaere, C., Luyckx, K., Van Ryckeghem, D., van der Straaten, S., Laridaen, J., Goethals, E. R., … Goubert, L. (2019). Mindfulness, worries, and parenting in parents of children with type 1 diabetes. JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC PSYCHOLOGY, 44(4), 499–508.
Chicago author-date
Van Gampelaere, Cynthia, Koen Luyckx, Dimitri Van Ryckeghem, Saskia van der Straaten, Jolien Laridaen, Eveline R Goethals, Kristina Casteels, et al. 2019. “Mindfulness, Worries, and Parenting in Parents of Children with Type 1 Diabetes.” JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC PSYCHOLOGY 44 (4): 499–508.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van Gampelaere, Cynthia, Koen Luyckx, Dimitri Van Ryckeghem, Saskia van der Straaten, Jolien Laridaen, Eveline R Goethals, Kristina Casteels, Jesse Vanbesien, Marieke den Brinker, Martine Cools, and Liesbet Goubert. 2019. “Mindfulness, Worries, and Parenting in Parents of Children with Type 1 Diabetes.” JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC PSYCHOLOGY 44 (4): 499–508.
Vancouver
1.
Van Gampelaere C, Luyckx K, Van Ryckeghem D, van der Straaten S, Laridaen J, Goethals ER, et al. Mindfulness, worries, and parenting in parents of children with type 1 diabetes. JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC PSYCHOLOGY. 2019;44(4):499–508.
IEEE
[1]
C. Van Gampelaere et al., “Mindfulness, worries, and parenting in parents of children with type 1 diabetes,” JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 499–508, 2019.
@article{8588021,
  abstract     = {Objective

Parents of children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) often experience distress and worries, which may negatively impact their parenting behaviors. The current study investigates parental mindfulness (i.e., an enhanced attention to and awareness of current experiences or present reality) as a resilience mechanism. Using a daily diary approach, the predictive role of parental mindfulness for daily diabetes-related worries was examined, its impact upon protective parenting behaviors, and its buffering role in the relationship between daily worries and protective parenting behaviors.

Methods

Participants were 56 parents of 40 children with T1D (2–12 years). Trait mindfulness was assessed with the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale. Subsequently, parents completed a diary for 14 consecutive days, assessing parental worries about hypo- and hyperglycemia and general and diabetes-specific parental protective behavior.

Results

Multilevel analyses showed that parental diabetes-related worries fluctuated substantially across days and positively predicted daily protective behavior. Higher levels of parental mindfulness predicted less daily worries about hypoglycemia and lower engagement in general protective behavior and hypoglycemia avoidance behavior. In addition, the relationship between worries about hyperglycemia and general protective behavior was moderated by parental mindfulness.

Conclusions

The present findings highlight the importance of daily parental worries in explaining parental protective behaviors on a daily basis. Mindfulness emerged as a promising resilience factor in parents of children with T1D, resulting in less daily worries and protective parenting. These results have important clinical implications and point to the promising role of mindfulness interventions in this context.},
  author       = {Van Gampelaere, Cynthia and Luyckx, Koen and Van Ryckeghem, Dimitri and van der Straaten, Saskia and Laridaen, Jolien and Goethals, Eveline R and Casteels, Kristina and Vanbesien, Jesse and den Brinker, Marieke and Cools, Martine and Goubert, Liesbet},
  issn         = {0146-8693},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC PSYCHOLOGY},
  keywords     = {diabetes,parenting,parent stress},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {499--508},
  title        = {Mindfulness, worries, and parenting in parents of children with type 1 diabetes},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsy094},
  volume       = {44},
  year         = {2019},
}

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