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Boys keep swinging? Sex composition of the school and pressure for gender conformity.

(2018)
Author
Organization
Project
Teaching in the Bed of Procrustes
Abstract
This study assesses the effect of secondary schools’ sex-composition on boys’ and girls’ felt pressure for gender-conformity. Whereas this pressure affects adolescents’ well-being, little large-scale research examines how school features influence students’ felt gender-conformity pressure. Multilevel analyses are conducted on representative Flemish data of 2688 boys and 2430 girls in 57 schools, gathered at the beginning of school-year 2012/13 and the end of 2013/14. First grade students (7th grade in US) completed a questionnaire, with a follow-up at the end of the second grade. When estimating the effects of school sex-composition on gender-conformity pressure at time 2, the gender-conformity pressure at time 1 is accounted for, establishing a genuine school effect. For girls, no effects of the school’s sex-composition are found. Boys in schools with more girls display lower levels of pressure for gender-conformity at the start of secondary education. Accounting for gender-conformity pressure at time 1, the felt pressure at time 2 increases with the proportion of girls, indicating that boys forming a real numerical minority at school, report more growth in gender-conformity pressure. This effect is stronger for boys holding more traditional gender-role attitudes. Finally, levels of gender-conformity pressure are only slightly higher in schools with more boys.

Citation

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Chicago
Van Houtte, Mieke. 2018. “Boys Keep Swinging? Sex Composition of the School and Pressure for Gender Conformity.” In .
APA
Van Houtte, M. (2018). Boys keep swinging? Sex composition of the school and pressure for gender conformity. Presented at the Gender and Education : Association Conference: “Gender, post-truth, populism and pedagogies: challenges and strategies in a shifting political landscape.”
Vancouver
1.
Van Houtte M. Boys keep swinging? Sex composition of the school and pressure for gender conformity. 2018.
MLA
Van Houtte, Mieke. “Boys Keep Swinging? Sex Composition of the School and Pressure for Gender Conformity.” 2018. Print.
@inproceedings{8587139,
  abstract     = {This study assesses the effect of secondary schools{\textquoteright} sex-composition on boys{\textquoteright} and girls{\textquoteright} felt pressure for gender-conformity. Whereas this pressure affects adolescents{\textquoteright} well-being, little large-scale research examines how school features influence students{\textquoteright} felt gender-conformity pressure. Multilevel analyses are conducted on representative Flemish data of 2688 boys and 2430 girls in 57 schools, gathered at the beginning of school-year 2012/13 and the end of 2013/14. First grade students (7th grade in US) completed a questionnaire, with a follow-up at the end of the second grade. When estimating the effects of school sex-composition on gender-conformity pressure at time 2, the gender-conformity pressure at time 1 is accounted for, establishing a genuine school effect. For girls, no effects of the school{\textquoteright}s sex-composition are found. Boys in schools with more girls display lower levels of pressure for gender-conformity at the start of secondary education. Accounting for gender-conformity pressure at time 1, the felt pressure at time 2 increases with the proportion of girls, indicating that boys forming a real numerical minority at school, report more growth in gender-conformity pressure. This effect is stronger for boys holding more traditional gender-role attitudes. Finally, levels of gender-conformity pressure are only slightly higher in schools with more boys. },
  author       = {Van Houtte, Mieke},
  location     = {Newcastle, Australia},
  title        = {Boys keep swinging? Sex composition of the school and pressure for gender conformity.},
  year         = {2018},
}