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Suicidal ideation among female inmates: a cross-sectional study

Louis Favril (UGent) and Freya Vander Laenen (UGent)
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Abstract
Due to their complex mental health needs, female inmates comprise a particularly vulnerable group, at high risk for suicide. Although suicidal ideation—the early stage in the trajectory towards suicidal behaviour—represents a valid target for suicide prevention, there has been little research devoted to this outcome among female inmates. In order to address this void and to inform prevention efforts, the present study sought to investigate correlates of recent suicidal ideation among women incarcerated in Flanders, Belgium. A representative sample of prisoners (N = 123; aged 19–70 years) was randomly selected from all Flemish correctional facilities detaining female inmates, representing one in four incarcerated women throughout Belgium. Prevalence estimates for lifetime history of suicide ideation and attempts are 57.7% and 36.6%, respectively. Multivariate analysis indicates that women with recent suicidal ideation while incarcerated are significantly more likely than their non-suicidal peers to report a lifetime history of non-suicidal self-injury (aOR = 7.36), in-prison drug use (aOR = 4.72), and severe psychological distress (aOR = 3.14). These findings highlight the importance of providing adequate mental health services in prison, in order to address women’s unique needs and vulnerabilities, and consequently, to reduce suicide risk.
Keywords
women, prison, mental health, suicidal thoughts, suicide prevention

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Favril, Louis, and Freya Vander Laenen. 2019. “Suicidal Ideation Among Female Inmates: a Cross-sectional Study .” International Journal of Forensic Mental Health 18.
APA
Favril, L., & Vander Laenen, F. (2019). Suicidal ideation among female inmates: a cross-sectional study . INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FORENSIC MENTAL HEALTH, 18.
Vancouver
1.
Favril L, Vander Laenen F. Suicidal ideation among female inmates: a cross-sectional study . INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FORENSIC MENTAL HEALTH. 2019;18.
MLA
Favril, Louis, and Freya Vander Laenen. “Suicidal Ideation Among Female Inmates: a Cross-sectional Study .” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FORENSIC MENTAL HEALTH 18 (2019): n. pag. Print.
@article{8586583,
  abstract     = {Due to their complex mental health needs, female inmates comprise a particularly vulnerable group, at high risk for suicide. Although suicidal ideation---the early stage in the trajectory towards suicidal behaviour---represents a valid target for suicide prevention, there has been little research devoted to this outcome among female inmates. In order to address this void and to inform prevention efforts, the present study sought to investigate correlates of recent suicidal ideation among women incarcerated in Flanders, Belgium. A representative sample of prisoners (N = 123; aged 19--70 years) was randomly selected from all Flemish correctional facilities detaining female inmates, representing one in four incarcerated women throughout Belgium. Prevalence estimates for lifetime history of suicide ideation and attempts are 57.7\% and 36.6\%, respectively. Multivariate analysis indicates that women with recent suicidal ideation while incarcerated are significantly more likely than their non-suicidal peers to report a lifetime history of non-suicidal self-injury (aOR = 7.36), in-prison drug use (aOR = 4.72), and severe psychological distress (aOR = 3.14). These findings highlight the importance of providing adequate mental health services in prison, in order to address women{\textquoteright}s unique needs and vulnerabilities, and consequently, to reduce suicide risk.},
  author       = {Favril, Louis and Vander Laenen, Freya},
  issn         = {1499-9013},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FORENSIC MENTAL HEALTH},
  keyword      = {women,prison,mental health,suicidal thoughts,suicide prevention},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {Suicidal ideation among female inmates: a cross-sectional study },
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14999013.2018.1519613},
  volume       = {18},
  year         = {2019},
}

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