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A Survey on Hybrid Beamforming Techniques in 5G: Architecture and System Model Perspectives

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Abstract
The increasing wireless data traffic demands have driven the need to explore suitable spectrum regions for meeting the projected requirements. In the light of this, millimeter wave (mmWave) communication has received considerable attention from the research community. Typically, in fifth generation (5G) wireless networks, mmWave massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communications is realized by the hybrid transceivers which combine high dimensional analog phase shifters and power amplifiers with lower-dimensional digital signal processing units. This hybrid beamforming design reduces the cost and power consumption which is aligned with an energy-efficient design vision of 5G. In this paper, we track the progress in hybrid beamforming for massive MIMO communications in the context of system models of the hybrid transceivers' structures, the digital and analog beamforming matrices with the possible antenna configuration scenarios and the hybrid beamforming in heterogeneous wireless networks. We extend the scope of the discussion by including resource management issues in hybrid beamforming. We explore the suitability of hybrid beamforming methods, both, existing and proposed till first quarter of 2017, and identify the exciting future challenges in this domain.
Keywords
WAVE MASSIVE MIMO, JOINT SPATIAL DIVISION, LIMITED FEEDBACK, WIRELESS, NETWORKS, NEXT-GENERATION, INTERFERENCE MANAGEMENT, CHANNEL ESTIMATION, CELLULAR NETWORKS, BEAMSPACE-MIMO, PHASE SHIFTERS, Hybrid beamforming, mmWave, massive MIMO, HetNet, radio access network

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Ahmed, Irfan, Hedi Khammari, Adnan Shahid, Ahmed Musa, Kwang Soon Kim, Eli De Poorter, and Ingrid Moerman. 2018. “A Survey on Hybrid Beamforming Techniques in 5G: Architecture and System Model Perspectives.” Ieee Communications Surveys and Tutorials 20 (4): 3060–3097.
APA
Ahmed, I., Khammari, H., Shahid, A., Musa, A., Kim, K. S., De Poorter, E., & Moerman, I. (2018). A Survey on Hybrid Beamforming Techniques in 5G: Architecture and System Model Perspectives. IEEE COMMUNICATIONS SURVEYS AND TUTORIALS, 20(4), 3060–3097.
Vancouver
1.
Ahmed I, Khammari H, Shahid A, Musa A, Kim KS, De Poorter E, et al. A Survey on Hybrid Beamforming Techniques in 5G: Architecture and System Model Perspectives. IEEE COMMUNICATIONS SURVEYS AND TUTORIALS. Piscataway: Ieee-inst Electrical Electronics Engineers Inc; 2018;20(4):3060–97.
MLA
Ahmed, Irfan, Hedi Khammari, Adnan Shahid, et al. “A Survey on Hybrid Beamforming Techniques in 5G: Architecture and System Model Perspectives.” IEEE COMMUNICATIONS SURVEYS AND TUTORIALS 20.4 (2018): 3060–3097. Print.
@article{8585223,
  abstract     = {The increasing wireless data traffic demands have driven the need to explore suitable spectrum regions for meeting the projected requirements. In the light of this, millimeter wave (mmWave) communication has received considerable attention from the research community. Typically, in fifth generation (5G) wireless networks, mmWave massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communications is realized by the hybrid transceivers which combine high dimensional analog phase shifters and power amplifiers with lower-dimensional digital signal processing units. This hybrid beamforming design reduces the cost and power consumption which is aligned with an energy-efficient design vision of 5G. In this paper, we track the progress in hybrid beamforming for massive MIMO communications in the context of system models of the hybrid transceivers' structures, the digital and analog beamforming matrices with the possible antenna configuration scenarios and the hybrid beamforming in heterogeneous wireless networks. We extend the scope of the discussion by including resource management issues in hybrid beamforming. We explore the suitability of hybrid beamforming methods, both, existing and proposed till first quarter of 2017, and identify the exciting future challenges in this domain.},
  author       = {Ahmed, Irfan and Khammari, Hedi and Shahid, Adnan and Musa, Ahmed and Kim, Kwang Soon and De Poorter, Eli and Moerman, Ingrid},
  issn         = {1553-877X},
  journal      = {IEEE COMMUNICATIONS SURVEYS AND TUTORIALS},
  keyword      = {WAVE MASSIVE MIMO,JOINT SPATIAL DIVISION,LIMITED FEEDBACK,WIRELESS,NETWORKS,NEXT-GENERATION,INTERFERENCE MANAGEMENT,CHANNEL ESTIMATION,CELLULAR NETWORKS,BEAMSPACE-MIMO,PHASE SHIFTERS,Hybrid beamforming,mmWave,massive MIMO,HetNet,radio access network},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {3060--3097},
  publisher    = {Ieee-inst Electrical Electronics Engineers Inc},
  title        = {A Survey on Hybrid Beamforming Techniques in 5G: Architecture and System Model Perspectives},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/COMST.2018.2843719},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2018},
}

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