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The intention to make preconception lifestyle changes in men : associated socio-demographic and psychosocial factors

Joline Goossens (UGent) , Ann Van Hecke (UGent) , Dimitri Beeckman (UGent) and Sofie Verhaeghe (UGent)
(2019) MIDWIFERY. 73. p.8-16
Author
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Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine which socio-demographic and psychosocial factors are associated with the intention for preconception healthily behavioral changes in the general population of reproductive-aged men. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, multicenter study. SETTING: Four secondary schools, 4 Public Centers for Social Welfare, 7 Community Health Centers, and online. All data was collected in the X. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 304 reproductive-aged men were recruited between July 2015 and July 2016. MEASUREMENTS AND FINDINGS: An existing questionnaire was adapted and validated to assess the intention, self-efficacy, attitude, social influence, knowledge, and barriers towards 10 preconception health behaviors. Simple and multiple logistic and linear regression analyses were performed. The overall intention to make preconception lifestyle changes was high (median score: 0.7 on the 0–1 scale). The multiple linear regression revealed that self-efficacy (p<0.001), social influence of the close social environment (p=0.02), and attitude (p=0.05) were associated with a higher intention score. Experiencing negative emotions and beliefs about pre-pregnancy preparations was associated with less intention for preconception health behaviors (p=0.001). None of the socio-demographic factors was significantly associated with the intention score. KEY CONCLUSIONS: The overall intention to make preconception lifestyle changes was high, and associated with different psychosocial factors including self-efficacy, social influence, and attitude. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Preconception interventions should target the identified factors to improve preconception health behaviors in men and negative emotions and beliefs about preconception. Interventions about preconception health care should primarily suggest that men bear the same responsibility as women, which will address the current gender politics and could have -in second instance- a positive outcome on pregnancy outcomes.. Because socio-demographic characteristics were of no influence, a general approach should be used.
Keywords
Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Maternity and Midwifery

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MLA
Goossens, Joline et al. “The Intention to Make Preconception Lifestyle Changes in Men : Associated Socio-demographic and Psychosocial Factors.” MIDWIFERY 73 (2019): 8–16. Print.
APA
Goossens, Joline, Van Hecke, A., Beeckman, D., & Verhaeghe, S. (2019). The intention to make preconception lifestyle changes in men : associated socio-demographic and psychosocial factors. MIDWIFERY, 73, 8–16.
Chicago author-date
Goossens, Joline, Ann Van Hecke, Dimitri Beeckman, and Sofie Verhaeghe. 2019. “The Intention to Make Preconception Lifestyle Changes in Men : Associated Socio-demographic and Psychosocial Factors.” Midwifery 73: 8–16.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Goossens, Joline, Ann Van Hecke, Dimitri Beeckman, and Sofie Verhaeghe. 2019. “The Intention to Make Preconception Lifestyle Changes in Men : Associated Socio-demographic and Psychosocial Factors.” Midwifery 73: 8–16.
Vancouver
1.
Goossens J, Van Hecke A, Beeckman D, Verhaeghe S. The intention to make preconception lifestyle changes in men : associated socio-demographic and psychosocial factors. MIDWIFERY. 2019;73:8–16.
IEEE
[1]
J. Goossens, A. Van Hecke, D. Beeckman, and S. Verhaeghe, “The intention to make preconception lifestyle changes in men : associated socio-demographic and psychosocial factors,” MIDWIFERY, vol. 73, pp. 8–16, 2019.
@article{8585214,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVE: To determine which socio-demographic and psychosocial factors are associated with the intention for preconception healthily behavioral changes in the general population of reproductive-aged men.
DESIGN: A cross-sectional, multicenter study.
SETTING: Four secondary schools, 4 Public Centers for Social Welfare, 7 Community Health Centers, and online. All data was collected in the X.
PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 304 reproductive-aged men were recruited between July 2015 and July 2016.
MEASUREMENTS AND FINDINGS: An existing questionnaire was adapted and validated to assess the intention, self-efficacy, attitude, social influence, knowledge, and barriers towards 10 preconception health behaviors. Simple and multiple logistic and linear regression analyses were performed. The overall intention to make preconception lifestyle changes was high (median score: 0.7 on the 0–1 scale). The multiple linear regression revealed that self-efficacy (p<0.001), social influence of the close social environment (p=0.02), and attitude (p=0.05) were associated with a higher intention score. Experiencing negative emotions and beliefs about pre-pregnancy preparations was associated with less intention for preconception health behaviors (p=0.001). None of the socio-demographic factors was significantly associated with the intention score.
KEY CONCLUSIONS: The overall intention to make preconception lifestyle changes was high, and associated with different psychosocial factors including self-efficacy, social influence, and attitude.
IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Preconception interventions should target the identified factors to improve preconception health behaviors in men and negative emotions and beliefs about preconception. Interventions about preconception health care should primarily suggest that men bear the same responsibility as women, which will address the current gender politics and could have -in second instance- a positive outcome on pregnancy outcomes.. Because socio-demographic characteristics were of no influence, a general approach should be used.},
  author       = {Goossens, Joline and Van Hecke, Ann and Beeckman, Dimitri and Verhaeghe, Sofie},
  issn         = {0266-6138},
  journal      = {MIDWIFERY},
  keywords     = {Obstetrics and Gynaecology,Maternity and Midwifery},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {8--16},
  title        = {The intention to make preconception lifestyle changes in men : associated socio-demographic and psychosocial factors},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2018.12.006},
  volume       = {73},
  year         = {2019},
}

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