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The cost of ant attendance and melezitose secretion in the black bean aphid Aphis fabae

(2015) ECOLOGICAL ENTOMOLOGY. 40(5). p.511-517
Author
Organization
Abstract
1. The aphid Aphis fabae (Scopoli) is facultatively tended by Lasius niger (Linnaeus) ants. Previously, we found that A. fabae colonies can be made up of several clones, and that clones display significant differences in the composition of their honeydew sugars, especially in the amount of the ant attractant sugar melezitose that they produce. 2. These clonal differences could greatly impact the strength of the mutualistic interaction with ants as well as the aphids' fitness. 3. Hence, the aim of this study was to compare the fitness of different A. fabae clones that differed in their melezitose secretion, and whether or not they were tended by ants. 4. Individual fitness indices, colony growth, and alate production of single-clone aphid colonies were analysed. 5. The results demonstrate that the fitness consequences of ant attendance critically depend on an interaction between levels of melezitose production. In particular, we show that high-melezitose secreting clones produce fewer alates and hence might have a lower dispersal ability in the presence of ants. 6. Furthermore, these data confirm previous evidence that ant attendance is costly and results in the production of fewer apterae.
Keywords
Ant-aphid mutualism, colonisation, competition, dispersal, fitness, Lasius niger, HONEYDEW SUGAR COMPOSITION, TUBERCULATUS-QUERCICOLA, AMINO-ACIDS, MUTUALISM, COMPETITION, DISPERSAL, HOMOPTERA, BENEFITS, RATES, ECOLOGY

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Chicago
Vantaux, Amélie, Sharon Schillewaert, Thomas Parmentier, Wim Van den Ende, Johan Billen, and Tom Wenseleers. 2015. “The Cost of Ant Attendance and Melezitose Secretion in the Black Bean Aphid Aphis Fabae.” Ecological Entomology 40 (5): 511–517.
APA
Vantaux, Amélie, Schillewaert, S., Parmentier, T., Van den Ende, W., Billen, J., & Wenseleers, T. (2015). The cost of ant attendance and melezitose secretion in the black bean aphid Aphis fabae. ECOLOGICAL ENTOMOLOGY, 40(5), 511–517.
Vancouver
1.
Vantaux A, Schillewaert S, Parmentier T, Van den Ende W, Billen J, Wenseleers T. The cost of ant attendance and melezitose secretion in the black bean aphid Aphis fabae. ECOLOGICAL ENTOMOLOGY. 2015;40(5):511–7.
MLA
Vantaux, Amélie et al. “The Cost of Ant Attendance and Melezitose Secretion in the Black Bean Aphid Aphis Fabae.” ECOLOGICAL ENTOMOLOGY 40.5 (2015): 511–517. Print.
@article{8583832,
  abstract     = {1. The aphid Aphis fabae (Scopoli) is facultatively tended by Lasius niger (Linnaeus) ants. Previously, we found that A. fabae colonies can be made up of several clones, and that clones display significant differences in the composition of their honeydew sugars, especially in the amount of the ant attractant sugar melezitose that they produce. 
2. These clonal differences could greatly impact the strength of the mutualistic interaction with ants as well as the aphids' fitness. 
3. Hence, the aim of this study was to compare the fitness of different A. fabae clones that differed in their melezitose secretion, and whether or not they were tended by ants. 
4. Individual fitness indices, colony growth, and alate production of single-clone aphid colonies were analysed. 
5. The results demonstrate that the fitness consequences of ant attendance critically depend on an interaction between levels of melezitose production. In particular, we show that high-melezitose secreting clones produce fewer alates and hence might have a lower dispersal ability in the presence of ants. 
6. Furthermore, these data confirm previous evidence that ant attendance is costly and results in the production of fewer apterae.},
  author       = {Vantaux, Am{\'e}lie and Schillewaert, Sharon and Parmentier, Thomas and Van den Ende, Wim and Billen, Johan and Wenseleers, Tom},
  issn         = {0307-6946},
  journal      = {ECOLOGICAL ENTOMOLOGY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {511--517},
  title        = {The cost of ant attendance and melezitose secretion in the black bean aphid Aphis fabae},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/een.12217},
  volume       = {40},
  year         = {2015},
}

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